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What Are We?: A Study in Personal Ontology

Eric T. Olson

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195176421
eISBN:
9780199872008
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176421.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Discussions of personal identity commonly ignore the question of our basic metaphysical nature: whether we are biological organisms, spatial or temporal parts of organisms, bundles of perceptions, or ... More


A Worldview

Theodore Sider

in Writing the Book of the World

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199697908
eISBN:
9780191732096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697908.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

For purposes of illustration, a worldview is sketched. The joint‐carving notions are those of logic, mathematics, physics, and the notion of joint‐carving itself. The ontology consists solely of sets ... More


The Standard Conception of Composition

Kathrin Koslicki

in The Structure of Objects

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199539895
eISBN:
9780191716300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539895.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter is devoted to an exposition of the main concepts and principles of standard mereology, the system originally developed by Stanislaw Leśniewski and introduced into the English-speaking ... More


Making Sense of Emergence

Jaegwon Kim

in Essays in the Metaphysics of Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199585878
eISBN:
9780191595349
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199585878.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

“Making Sense of Emergence” is a survey‐analysis‐critique of the concept of emergence and the doctrines associated with emergentism, focusing on the works of British emergentists, Samuel Alexander, ... More


Persisting Objects in Classical Spacetime

Yuri Balashov

in Persistence and Spacetime

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199579921
eISBN:
9780191722899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579921.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

The generic framework of Chapter 2 is used to formulate the rival views of persistence in classical (Galilean) spacetime, followed by a brief analysis of available regional modification schemes and a ... More


Self‐Representationalism and the Ontology of Consciousness

Uriah Kriegel

in Subjective Consciousness: A Self-Representational Theory

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199570355
eISBN:
9780191721625
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570355.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

This chapter develops an account of the ontological structure of an ordinary conscious experience. After ruling out a straightforward representational account and a functionalist account, this ... More


Integral Wholes

PETER SIMONS

in Parts: A Study in Ontology

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199241460
eISBN:
9780191696930
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241460.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

In his well-known criticisms of the uses of the terms Gestalt and Ganzheit in the 1930s, Moritz Schlick argues that there is no ontological difference between sums on the one hand and Ganzheiten on ... More


Three‐ and Four‐Dimensionalism Stated

Theodore Sider

in Four-Dimensionalism: An Ontology of Persistence and Time

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244430
eISBN:
9780191598425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924443X.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Four‐dimensionalism may be given a rigorous and canonical formulation acceptable to both its supporters and opponents; meaningful debate as to the truth of this thesis may then proceed. This is more ... More


Philosophical Issues

Michael S. Pardo and Dennis Patterson

in Minds, Brains, and Law: The Conceptual Foundations of Law and Neuroscience

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199812134
eISBN:
9780199368594
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199812134.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Medical Law

This chapter discusses philosophical issues at the heart of claims about the ways that neuroscience will or ought to inform (and in some cases, transform) law. It distinguishes between conceptual and ... More


Why the Single State Conception Does Not Solve the Problem of Phenomenal Unity

Wanja Wiese

in Experienced Wholeness: Integrating Insights from Gestalt Theory, Cognitive Neuroscience, and Predictive Processing

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780262036993
eISBN:
9780262343275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036993.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter discusses a common conception of phenomenal unity, the single state conception (SSC). The intuition underlying SSC is that phenomenal unity goes along with the existence of a single ... More


Solving the Unity Problem

Arianna Betti

in Against Facts

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780262029216
eISBN:
9780262329644
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029216.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Chapter 3 shows in what way the Unity Problem can be not only solved, but dissolved. The second and last step is taken here towards dismissing Armstrong’s facts as ad hoc entities, by showing that ... More


Some Twelfth-Century Reflections on Mereological Essentialism

Andrew Arlig

in Oxford Studies in Medieval Philosophy, Volume 1

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199661848
eISBN:
9780191765339
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661848.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Peter Abelard held two views that imply a form of Mereological Essentialism: first, a thing is nothing other than all its parts taken together and second, no thing has more parts at one time than it ... More


Against Parthood

Theodore Sider

in Oxford Studies in Metaphysics, Volume 8

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199682904
eISBN:
9780191763083
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682904.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Mereological nihilism says that there do not exist (in the fundamental sense) any objects with proper parts. A reason to accept it is that we can thereby eliminate 'part' from fundamental ideology. ... More


Into the Brain

Rocco J. Gennaro

in The Consciousness Paradox: Consciousness, Concepts, and Higher-Order Thoughts

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016605
eISBN:
9780262298582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016605.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The final chapter focuses on defending the HOT-Brain Thesis that states that there is a plausible account of how the version of the HOT theory discussed in this book might be realized in the brain ... More


Mereological Sums and Singular Terms

Kathrin Koslicki

in Mereology and Location

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199593828
eISBN:
9780191758911
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199593828.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The merits of standard mereology have been discussed by metaphysicians concerned with the part–whole properties of material objects. Less discussed is what semantic repercussions a commitment to ... More


Mereology and Modality

Gabriel Uzquiano

in Mereology and Location

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199593828
eISBN:
9780191758911
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199593828.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Do mereological fusions have their parts necessarily? The axioms of non-modal formulations of classical mereology do not appear to address this question. Many philosophers who take the part–whole ... More


Arbitrariness

Daniel Z. Korman

in Objects: Nothing out of the Ordinary

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780198732532
eISBN:
9780191796760
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198732532.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Arbitrariness arguments turn on the claim that there is no ontologically significant difference between certain of the objects that conservatives do believe in and certain of the ones they don’t. ... More


Buddhist Reductionist Action Theory

Mark Siderits

in A Mirror Is for Reflection: Understanding Buddhist Ethics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780190499778
eISBN:
9780190499792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190499778.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This essay develops the theory of action presupposed by Buddhist Reductionists. Their account uses the theory of two truths to reconcile the folk theory of human action with the Buddhist claim that ... More


The Nonsense View

Carrie Figdor

in Pieces of Mind: The Proper Domain of Psychological Predicates

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198809524
eISBN:
9780191846861
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198809524.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

Chapter 5 is the first of three chapters articulating alternatives to Literalism. Chapter 5 presents Bennett and Hacker’s Wittgenstein-inspired criticism of ascriptions of psychological capacities to ... More


The Master Argument Against Ontological Borders

Jody Azzouni

in Ontology Without Borders

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780190622558
eISBN:
9780190622589
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190622558.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The “master argument” is given: No metaphysical sense can be made of ontological boundaries (ones that support individuation conditions) above and beyond feature changes in the world. Ontological ... More


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