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The Royal Navy and the German Threat, 1901-1914: Admiralty Plans to Protect British Trade in a War Against Germany

Matthew S. Seligmann

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199574032
eISBN:
9780191741432
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574032.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Military History

This book examines the way in which the prospect of a wartime German assault on British seaborne commerce influenced the development of British naval policy in the run up to the First World War. It ... More


The Role of Tradition in Japan's Industrialization: Another Path to Industrialization

Masayuki Tanimoto (ed.)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780198292746
eISBN:
9780191603891
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292740.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This volume explores Japan’s industrialization from the perspective of ‘indigenous development’, focusing on what may be identified as ‘traditional’ or ‘indigenous’ factors. Japanese ... More


Warsaw and the Patrons of Polish Hasidism

Glenn Dynner

in Men of Silk: The Hasidic Conquest of Polish Jewish Society

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195175226
eISBN:
9780199785148
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195175226.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

The successful Hasidic ascendancy of the prior chapter is, in great part, attributable to Polish Hasidism's vast patronage network among the region's Jewish mercantile elite. The chapter commences ... More


Islands of Transnational Governance

Alec Stone Sweet

in On Law, Politics, and Judicialization

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199256488
eISBN:
9780191600234
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256489.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The two papers in Ch. 5 examine how lawyers and law professors, operating in private arenas, successfully revived a pre-modern legal system, the Lex Mercatoria – the international body of trade law ... More


Cities of Commerce: The Institutional Foundations of International Trade in the Low Countries, 1250-1650

Oscar Gelderblom

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691142883
eISBN:
9781400848591
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691142883.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This book develops a model of institutional change in European commerce based on urban competition. Cities continuously competed with each other by adapting commercial, legal, and fin ancial ... More


Globalization of Freedom of Contract

Martin Shapiro

in On Law, Politics, and Judicialization

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199256488
eISBN:
9780191600234
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256489.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The two papers in Ch. 5 examine how lawyers and law professors, operating in private arenas, successfully revived a pre-modern legal system, the Lex Mercatoria – the international body of trade law ... More


The Emergence of Corporate Merchant-Banks in Dugento Tuscany

John F. Padgett

in The Emergence of Organizations and Markets

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148670
eISBN:
9781400845552
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148670.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

This chapter illustrates that the Tuscan merchant-banks organizationally sat at the intersection of the otherwise distinct relational-flow domains of international trade, state finance, and noble ... More


The End of Negotiable Instruments: Bringing Payment Systems Law Out of the Past

James Steven Rogers

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199856220
eISBN:
9780199919574
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199856220.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

When we make purchases [better word than ‘things?’], we need to use some system for making payment. Today we use checks, credit cards, debit cards, and various other electronic or semi-electronic ... More


Three City-State Experiences

David Stasavage

in States of Credit: Size, Power, and the Development of European Polities

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691140575
eISBN:
9781400838875
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691140575.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter examines public credit and political representation in three European city-states: Cologne, Genoa, and Siena. The goal is to identify the mechanisms at work that determined whether a ... More


London Banks and International Finance, 1890–1914

Youssef Cassis

in London and Paris as International Financial Centres in the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199269495
eISBN:
9780191710162
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269495.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking

The differences between the City of London's position as the world's leading financial centre in 2000 and in 1900 can be understood by considering the actors who occupied centre stage during the late ... More


 Movements of Ritual and Sincerity

Adam B. Seligman, Robert P. Weller, Michael J. Puett, and Bennett Simon

in Ritual and Its Consequences: An Essay on the Limits of Sincerity

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195336009
eISBN:
9780199868933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336009.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

This chapter looks at different cultural examples of the tensions between ritual and sincerity over time. First, it discusses the interplay of law and love, Judaism and Christianity, and ritual and ... More


Segregation or Choice?: From Merchants to Moneylenders, 1000–1500

Maristella Botticini and Zvi Eckstein

in The Chosen Few: How Education Shaped Jewish History, 70-1492

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144870
eISBN:
9781400842483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144870.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter assesses the argument that both their exclusion from craft and merchant guilds and usury bans on Christians segregated European Jews into moneylending during the Middle Ages. Already ... More


The Politics of Trade: The Overseas Merchant in State and Society, 1660-1720

Perry Gauci

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199241934
eISBN:
9780191714344
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241934.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This book examines the political and social impact of the English overseas merchant during this key era of state development. Historians have increasingly recognized the significance of this period ... More


 Economic Republicanism

J. Rixey Ruffin

in A Paradise of Reason: William Bentley and Enlightenment Christianity in the Early Republic

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195326512
eISBN:
9780199870417
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326512.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Beginning in 1794, Bentley began to adopt the economic components of republicanism as well as the spiritual ones. In seeing merchants choose what he considered interest over commonwealth, Bentley for ... More


The Rise of the Investment Bank

Alan D. Morrison and William J. Wilhelm Jr.

in Investment Banking: Institutions, Politics, and Law

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199296576
eISBN:
9780191712036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296576.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

The 19th-century industrialization of America required significant quantities of capital that could not be met by local savings. Commercial law was not well-developed at the start of the century, and ... More


Epilogue

Daviken Studnicki-Gizbert

in A Nation upon the Ocean Sea: Portugal’s Atlantic Diaspora and the Crisis of the Spanish Empire, 1492-1640

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195175691
eISBN:
9780199872060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195175691.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter discusses the aftermath of the unraveling of the core transatlantic networks of the Portuguese Nation. The end of the Nation engendered the beginning of new communities, each following ... More


The Blind Side of Globalisation: Auditing Merchant Producers in India’s Export Sector

DIPANKAR GUPTA

in Diversity and Change in Modern India: Economic, Social and Political Approaches

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264515
eISBN:
9780191734403
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264515.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter discusses globalisation and the export sector of India, looking at employment and economic growth in the country. It starts with a study of the rise of small-scale industries, which are ... More


The Merchants and the Jew of Venice: Wealth’s Communion and an Intruder

C. L. Barber

in Shakespeare's Festive Comedy: A Study of Dramatic Form and Its Relation to Social Custom

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149523
eISBN:
9781400839858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149523.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter examines Shakespeare's The Merchant of Venice. This play as a whole is not shaped by festivity in the relatively direct way as in Love's Labour's Lost and A Midsummer Night's Dream. The ... More


Naming, Identifying and Authorizing Movement in Early Modern Spain and Spanish America

Tamar Herzog

in Registration and Recognition: Documenting the Person in World History

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265314
eISBN:
9780191760402
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265314.003.0008
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This chapter surveys how individuals were identified and whether their movement was controlled in early modern Spain and Spanish America. It argues that because Spanish (and Spanish American) ... More


The Merchant Family

C. A. Bayly

in Rulers, Townsmen and Bazaars: North Indian Society in the Age of British Expansion 1770-1870

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198077466
eISBN:
9780199081110
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198077466.003.0025
Subject:
History, Economic History

This chapter investigates the behaviour and perceptions of the merchant family in north India during the early colonial period. It traces the emergence of some of the key elements which came to make ... More


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