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Eligibility for the Death Penalty—Part 1: Atkins-Type Evaluations

David DeMatteo, Daniel C. Murrie, Natalie M. Anumba, and Michael E. Keesler

in Forensic Mental Health Assessments in Death Penalty Cases

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195385809
eISBN:
9780199895311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385809.003.0021
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

In Atkins v. Virginia (2002), the United States Supreme Court held that executing criminal offenders who are mentally retarded violates several provisions of the United States Constitution. This ... More


Submicroscopic structural variation and genomic disorders

Julian C. Knight

in Human Genetic Diversity: Functional Consequences for Health and Disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199227693
eISBN:
9780191711015
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227693.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

In this chapter the basis and nature of genomic disorders are described with examples including DiGeorge Syndrome, Williams-Beuren syndrome, Charcot Marie Tooth disease, Prader-Willi, and Angelman ... More


Deprivation and Intellectual Disability: From “Mild Mental Retardation” to Resegregation

Mical Raz

in What's Wrong with the Poor?: Psychiatry, Race, and the War on Poverty

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9781469608877
eISBN:
9781469612669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469608877.003.0005
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter examines how deprivation became an accepted etiological factor for intellectual disability, appearing in all the major classifications of the time and readily adopted by psychiatrists. ... More


Neurodevelopmental Disabilities

Lorene M. Nelson, Caroline M. Tanner, Stephen K. Van Den Eeden, and Valerie M. McGuire

in Neuroepidemiology: From principles to practice

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195133790
eISBN:
9780199863730
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133790.003.15
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The topic of this chapter is neurodevelopmental disabilities, with discussion focused on three prototypic neurodevelopmental disorders: mental retardation, autism, and cerebral palsy. These disorders ... More


Death Penalty Jurisprudence

David DeMatteo, Daniel C. Murrie, Natalie M. Anumba, and Michael E. Keesler

in Forensic Mental Health Assessments in Death Penalty Cases

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195385809
eISBN:
9780199895311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385809.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This chapter discusses legal cases relevant to forensic mental health professionals involved in capital cases. After providing a brief historical overview of death as a punishment, this chapter ... More


Epidemiologists and Geneticists: A Developing Détente

Mervyn Susser and Zena Stein

in Eras in Epidemiology: The Evolution of Ideas

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195300666
eISBN:
9780199863754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300666.003.0021
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter uses the clinical entity of mental retardation to trace the paradigmatic changes occurring soon after World War II that introduced genetics into epidemiology and influenced public health ... More


High Roads and Low Roads to Disability

Colin Ong-Dean

in Distinguishing Disability: Parents, Privilege, and Special Education

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226630007
eISBN:
9780226630021
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226630021.003.0004
Subject:
Education, Early Childhood and Elementary Education

This chapter examines how disability diagnoses and parental practices are distributed across different groups of parents and what kinds of arguments about parents' involvement can initially be made ... More


Alfred Binet and the Measurement of Intelligence

Ann Jefferson

in Genius in France: An Idea and Its Uses

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691160658
eISBN:
9781400852598
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691160658.003.0015
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter discusses the measurement of genius in Alfred Binet's “measuring scale of intelligence,” which he devised and successively refined between 1905 and 1911 (the year he died). Here, the ... More


Brain Development: Normal Processes and the Effects of Alcohol and Nicotine

Michael W. Miller (ed.)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195183139
eISBN:
9780199865147
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183139.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This is the first book about both normal development of the nervous system and how early exposure to alcohol and nicotine interferes with this development. The developing nervous system is highly ... More


Congenital hypothyroidism

Joseph G. Hollowell, Bradford L. Therrell, and W. Harry Hannon

in Antenatal and Neonatal Screening

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192628268
eISBN:
9780191723605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192628268.003.0015
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes screening and diagnosis for congenital hypothyroidism (CH). CH is a well-established cause of mental retardation which can be prevented by screening and treatment with ... More


Violence in Psychiatric Populations

JOHN W. RENFREW

in Aggression and Its Causes: A Biopsychosocial Approach

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195082302
eISBN:
9780199846894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195082302.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter examines violence and aggressive behaviour in psychiatric populations. The result indicate that two major psychoses, schizophrenia and mood disorders, can involve increased aggressive ... More


The Kennedy Family through Sickness and Death

David Nasaw

in When Life Strikes the President: Scandal, Death, and Illness in the White House

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780190650759
eISBN:
9780190650780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190650759.003.0009
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century, American History: 20th Century

The Kennedy family, though extremely keen on physical fitness, was plagued by illness and untimely death. In the years before John F. Kennedy was elected to the presidency, two of his siblings had ... More


A New Beginning

Ruth Colker

in Disabled Education: A Critical Analysis of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814708101
eISBN:
9780814708002
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814708101.003.0014
Subject:
Education, Early Childhood and Elementary Education

This concluding chapter discusses the kinds of reforms that are necessary to ensure that all children can receive a free and appropriate public education regardless of their disability status. It ... More


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