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A Case for the Psychological Reality of Language

Michael Devitt

in Ignorance of Language

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199250967
eISBN:
9780191603945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250960.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter begins with the popular “Representational Theory of the Mind” (RTM), according to which a thought involves a mental representation. It then follows Fodor in arguing for the controversial ... More


The Making of Human Concepts

Denis Mareschal, Paul C. Quinn, and Stephen E.G. Lea (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199549221
eISBN:
9780191724152
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199549221.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Human adults appear different from other animals in their ability to form abstract mental representations that go beyond perceptual similarity. In short, they can conceptualize the world. When and ... More


Introduction: The ‘Picture Theory of Science’

Bas C. van Fraassen

in Scientific Representation: Paradoxes of Perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199278220
eISBN:
9780191707926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278220.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

The Bildtheorie — ‘picture theory of science’ — formed the frame for much discussion and controversy among physicists in the decades around the year 1900. It emphasizes one aspect believed to be ... More


Caveats

Penelope Maddy

in Second Philosophy: A Naturalistic Method

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199273669
eISBN:
9780191706264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273669.003.0022
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter summarizes the many empirical theories and methods involved in this second-philosophical account of logical truth: the KF-structuring of (much of) the world, the experimental paradigms ... More


The Concept of Representation

Allan Paivio

in Mental Representations: A dual coding approach

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195066661
eISBN:
9780199894086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195066661.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews representational concepts from a psychological perspective. It begins with a discussion of defining characteristics and controversial issues associated with the concept, followed ... More


Dual Coding Theory

Allan Paivio

in Mental Representations: A dual coding approach

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195066661
eISBN:
9780199894086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195066661.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses dual coding theory. The theory is presented as a set of assumptions and hypotheses concerning the origins and the structural and functional properties of representational ... More


Manipulation and Use of Representational Information

Allan Paivio

in Mental Representations: A dual coding approach

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195066661
eISBN:
9780199894086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195066661.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Many cognitive tasks require the performer to analyze, evaluate, and manipulate the properties of mental representations in order to respond appropriately. Typical examples include comparisons of ... More


Representation, Meaning, and Thought

Grant Gillett

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198239932
eISBN:
9780191680045
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198239932.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Philosophy of Mind

This study examines the relationship between thought and language by considering the views of Kant and the later Wittgenstein alongside many strands of contemporary debate in the area of mental ... More


Attitudes and Approaches to Representation

Allan Paivio

in Mental Representations: A dual coding approach

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195066661
eISBN:
9780199894086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195066661.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses sceptical, empirical, and rational views regarding mental representations. It begins with scepticism because the concerns of the sceptics must be understood if representational ... More


The Musical Mind: The Cognitive Psychology of Music

John A. Sloboda

Published in print:
1986
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198521280
eISBN:
9780191706257
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521280.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This book describes and analyses the cognitive processes that take place in the perception, performance, and creation of music. It proposes that underlying the various musical skills is the ability ... More


The Nature of Experiential Intentionality: I. A Higher-Order Tracking Theory

Uriah Kriegel

in The Sources of Intentionality

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199742974
eISBN:
9780199914449
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199742974.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, General

Developing a philosophical account of experiential intentionality requires answering the following question: For any mental state x and property F, what would make it the case that F figures in the ... More


Gods and Religious Systems

Todd Tremlin

in Minds and Gods: The Cognitive Foundations of Religion

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195305340
eISBN:
9780199784721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305345.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter describes how mental representations of gods are transmitted through a population as public representations, and ultimately serve as the basis of the cultural systems called “religion.” ... More


Kant and the Semantic Problem

Robert Hanna

in Kant and the Foundations of Analytic Philosophy

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199272044
eISBN:
9780191699573
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199272044.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, General

To a large extent, Immanuel Kant's theoretical philosophy is merely the result of fusing two important pre-existing tendencies in recent Kant scholarship. First, it has been quite convincingly shown ... More


Mind Your Heads

Ilkka Pyysiäinen

in Supernatural Agents: Why We Believe in Souls, Gods, and Buddhas

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195380026
eISBN:
9780199869046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380026.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Supernatural agent representations are mental concepts, whereas texts, uttered words, and so forth are extramental, public representations. They express mental representations. Public representations ... More


A Cognitive View of Synonymy

Werner Hüllen

in Networks and Knowledge in Roget's Thesaurus

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199553235
eISBN:
9780191720352
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199553235.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Lexicography

The chapter provides a concept of synonymy which all my historical and book-orientated research has as its basis. Synonymy is not merely an anomaly in the semiotic system because it disregards the ... More


Empathy, Imagination, and Reports

Eros Corazza

in Reflecting the Mind: Indexicality and Quasi-Indexicality

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199270187
eISBN:
9780191601484
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019927018X.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Discusses the attribution of attitudes. In attributing to someone an attitude, we usually use constructions like: “Jane believes/desires/wishes/said/…that p”, where the that-clause ‘that p’ should ... More


Dynamic Systems in Language Development and Language Production

Lorraine McCune

in How Children Learn to Learn Language

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195177879
eISBN:
9780199870202
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177879.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter presents a dynamic systems analysis of the variables contributing to the transition to reference, integrating material from the previous chapters. Topics discussed include dynamic ... More


Introduction

Grant Gillett

in Representation, Meaning, and Thought

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198239932
eISBN:
9780191680045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198239932.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter discusses the concept of representation and attempts to describe and explain the complex strategies higher animals have. These creatures also have mental representations that are ... More


Core Object Cognition

Susan Carey

in The Origin of Concepts

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195367638
eISBN:
9780199867349
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367638.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter begins to develop an alternative to the empiricist picture of the human initial state. It shows that infants' knowledge of objects displays several of the hypothesized properties of core ... More


Networks and Knowledge in Roget's Thesaurus

Werner Hüllen

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199553235
eISBN:
9780191720352
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199553235.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Lexicography

This book epitomizes the history of Roget's Thesaurus as the merger of a dictionary of synonyms and a topical, i.e. non-alphabetical, dictionary. It has all the linguistic features of a text. Its ... More


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