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Mercenaries: The History of a Norm in International Relations

Sarah Percy

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199214334
eISBN:
9780191706608
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214334.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The main aim of this book is to argue that the use of private force by states has been restricted by a norm against mercenary use. It traces the evolution of this norm, from mercenaries in medieval ... More


Educated Wandering Jews, 800–1250

Maristella Botticini and Zvi Eckstein

in The Chosen Few: How Education Shaped Jewish History, 70-1492

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144870
eISBN:
9781400842483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144870.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter shows that once the Jews became literate, urban, and engaged in skilled occupations, they began migrating within the vast territory under Muslim rule—stretching from the Iberian ... More


India, Tibet, China, Byzantium, and Other Control Cases

Christopher I. Beckwith

in Warriors of the Cloisters: The Central Asian Origins of Science in the Medieval World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155319
eISBN:
9781400845170
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155319.003.0007
Subject:
History, World Medieval History

This chapter examines the essential elements that produced a full scientific culture in Western Europe by comparing the constituent elements in the one culture in which it developed with other ... More


Introduction

Christopher I. Beckwith

in Warriors of the Cloisters: The Central Asian Origins of Science in the Medieval World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155319
eISBN:
9781400845170
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155319.003.0001
Subject:
History, World Medieval History

This book investigates how the recursive argument method, the actual medieval “scientific method,” was transmitted along with the college to medieval Western Europe from Classical Arabic ... More


Warriors of the Cloisters: The Central Asian Origins of Science in the Medieval World

Christopher I. Beckwith

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155319
eISBN:
9781400845170
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155319.001.0001
Subject:
History, World Medieval History

This book tells how key cultural innovations from Central Asia revolutionized medieval Europe and gave rise to the culture of science in the West. Medieval scholars rarely performed scientific ... More


Transmission to Medieval Western Europe

Christopher I. Beckwith

in Warriors of the Cloisters: The Central Asian Origins of Science in the Medieval World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155319
eISBN:
9781400845170
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155319.003.0006
Subject:
History, World Medieval History

This chapter examines how the recursive argument method was transmitted to medieval Western Europe. The appearance of the recursive argument method in Latin texts was preceded by more than a century ... More


The Medieval Background

SEYMOUR PHILLIPS

in Europeans on the Move: Studies on European Migration 1500–1800

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198204190
eISBN:
9780191676147
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198204190.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

The expansion of medieval Europe can be traced as far back as the 8th and 9th centuries, to the Carolingian conquests of the pagan Saxons and Avars in central Europe, to the earliest Viking ... More


Philip Grierson 1910–2006

Christopher Brooke and Lord Stewartby

in Proceedings of the British Academy, Volume 150 Biographical Memoirs of Fellows, VI

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264232
eISBN:
9780191734243
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264232.003.0004
Subject:
History, Historiography

Philip Grierson, historian and numismatist, was for seventy years a Fellow of Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge, and for over sixty of them he lived in the same set of rooms. His work on the ... More


The Middle Ages

Joel Mokyr

in The Lever of Riches: Technological Creativity and Economic Progress

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195074772
eISBN:
9780199854981
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195074772.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter discusses the medieval Western technology that drew from classical antiquity, Islamic and Asian societies, and its own original creativity. It observes that diffusion of new technology ... More


Introduction: rural credit

Chris Briggs

in Credit and Village Society in Fourteenth-Century England

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264416
eISBN:
9780191734342
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264416.003.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This book focuses on the credit dealings of medieval Europe. In medieval Europe, manor courts served as private jurisdictions by the landlords which were attended by the peasants to hear and settle ... More


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