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Conclusion: The Way Forward

Marc A. Rodwin

in Conflicts of Interest and the Future of Medicine: The United States, France, and Japan

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199755486
eISBN:
9780199894918
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755486.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter presents recommendations on how to deal with physicians' conflicts of interest in the future. Individual physicians and organized medicine should restrict activities that create ... More


The Rise of a Protected Medical Market: The United States before 1950

Marc A. Rodwin

in Conflicts of Interest and the Future of Medicine: The United States, France, and Japan

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199755486
eISBN:
9780199894918
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755486.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter traces the history of the United States' medical economy. The United States' market-oriented medical economy has created a wider variety of physicians' conflicts of interest than that ... More


Islamic Ethics and Medical Sciences

Tariq Ramadan

in Radical Reform: Islamic Ethics and Liberation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195331714
eISBN:
9780191720987
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331714.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter explores Islamic ethics within the context of medical practice. It discusses medical code of ethics in the Muslim world. It addresses issues such as contraception and abortion, ... More


The Evolution of French Medicine

Marc A. Rodwin

in Conflicts of Interest and the Future of Medicine: The United States, France, and Japan

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199755486
eISBN:
9780199894918
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755486.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter traces the history of France's medical political economy. Today's medical political economy emerged from very different earlier arrangements: medieval guilds, church charity, and ... More


The Heart of the Matter

Marc A. Rodwin

in Conflicts of Interest and the Future of Medicine: The United States, France, and Japan

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199755486
eISBN:
9780199894918
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755486.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter sets out the purpose of the book, which is to examine the political economy of medicine in the United States, France, and Japan. These countries illustrate how differences in the roles ... More


Coping with Physicians’ Conflicts of Interest in France

Marc A. Rodwin

in Conflicts of Interest and the Future of Medicine: The United States, France, and Japan

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199755486
eISBN:
9780199894918
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755486.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

During the French Revolution, the state assumed the Catholic Church's moral authority and charitable functions and enshrined the idea of the common good in secular public law. It also replaced ... More


The Logic of Medical Markets: The United States, 1980–Present

Marc A. Rodwin

in Conflicts of Interest and the Future of Medicine: The United States, France, and Japan

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199755486
eISBN:
9780199894918
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755486.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Ronald Reagan's election in 1980 signaled a policy shift in the United States that reduced government regulation and promoted markets. This set the stage for the fourth phase of the history of the ... More


Reforms

Marc A. Rodwin

in Conflicts of Interest and the Future of Medicine: The United States, France, and Japan

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199755486
eISBN:
9780199894918
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755486.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter begins with a discussion of the six frequently proposed reforms to address conflicts of interest and how these are either ineffective or inadequate remedies. It then outlines six ... More


The Evolution of Japanese Medicine

Marc A. Rodwin

in Conflicts of Interest and the Future of Medicine: The United States, France, and Japan

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199755486
eISBN:
9780199894918
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755486.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter traces the history of Japan's medical political economy. Contemporary conflicts of interest have roots in traditional Chinese medicine. Practice was transformed when the state adopted ... More


Coping with Physicians’ Conflicts of Interest in Japan

Marc A. Rodwin

in Conflicts of Interest and the Future of Medicine: The United States, France, and Japan

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199755486
eISBN:
9780199894918
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755486.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter discusses how the Japanese state addresses physicians' conflicts of interest. The Ministry of Health, Labor, and Welfare (MHLW) regulates medical practice mainly through controlling ... More


The Commercial Transformation: The United States, 1950–1980

Marc A. Rodwin

in Conflicts of Interest and the Future of Medicine: The United States, France, and Japan

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199755486
eISBN:
9780199894918
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755486.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter discusses the changes in organized medicine, the market, and state policy between 1950 and 1980 which commercialized the American medical economy. The American Medical Association (AMA) ... More


Professionalism Reconsidered

Marc A. Rodwin

in Conflicts of Interest and the Future of Medicine: The United States, France, and Japan

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199755486
eISBN:
9780199894918
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755486.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Regardless of how society organizes medical care, it cannot preclude all conflicts of interest; and third parties have limited ability to oversee conflicts of interest because physicians need some ... More


 Tubercular

Thomas R. Nevin

in Thérèse of Lisieux: God's Gentle Warrior

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195307214
eISBN:
9780199785032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195307216.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter addresses the following questions: what was the nature and what the course of the diseases which afflicted Thérèse? What did French medical practitioners in her time know about these ... More


Coping with Physicians’ Conflicts of Interest in the United States

Marc A. Rodwin

in Conflicts of Interest and the Future of Medicine: The United States, France, and Japan

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199755486
eISBN:
9780199894918
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755486.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter begins with a discussion of the three approaches used by the United States to cope with physicians' conflicts of interest that interact: professional and industry self-regulation, ... More


Time to Heal: American medical education from the turn of the century to the era of managed care

Kenneth M. Ludmerer

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195181364
eISBN:
9780199850167
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181364.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This book provides an account of American medical education in the 20th century, concluding with a call for the reformation of a system currently handicapped by managed care and by narrow, ... More


Women Practitioners

Anne Digby

in The Evolution of British General Practice, 1850–1948

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205135
eISBN:
9780191676512
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205135.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter focuses on women general practitioners in the 19th century. The history of women in general practice is that of female practitioners operating in a semi-detached professional sphere. ... More


The Rise of Graduate Medical Education

Kenneth M. Ludmerer

in Time to Heal: American medical education from the turn of the century to the era of managed care

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195181364
eISBN:
9780199850167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181364.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

In the years following World War I, medical knowledge, techniques, and practices were growing and changing too rapidly. Even a superior experience in medical school could no longer prepare a person ... More


The Medical Market

Anne Digby

in The Evolution of British General Practice, 1850–1948

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205135
eISBN:
9780191676512
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205135.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses the financial aspects of practising medicine in the 19th century. General practitioners as a class appear to have been reluctant to adopt more efficient financial management in ... More


The Faculty of Medicine before 1500

F. M. Getz

in The History of the University of Oxford: Volume II: Late Medieval Oxford

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199510122
eISBN:
9780191700941
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199510122.003.0010
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

This chapter explains that the Oxford faculty of medicine prepared a student not in the craft of empirical medical practice, but in the techniques of learned discourse that would allow him to teach. ... More


Medical Investigation and Treatment

Anne Digby

in The Evolution of British General Practice, 1850–1948

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205135
eISBN:
9780191676512
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205135.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

‘There are no real standards for general practice. What the doctor does and how he does it, depends almost wholly on his own conscience’. This critical comment followed from an examination of GP's ... More


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