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Developing predictive models

E. J. Milner-Gulland and Marcus Rowcliffe

in Conservation and Sustainable Use: A Handbook of Techniques

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198530367
eISBN:
9780191713095
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530367.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

The effective management of natural resources use requires a mechanistic understanding of the system, not just correlations between variables of the kind discussed in Chapter 4. Understanding may ... More


Population dynamics: modelling demographic Allee effects

Franck Courchamp, Luděk Berec, and Joanna Gascoigne

in Allee Effects in Ecology and Conservation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780198570301
eISBN:
9780191717642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570301.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Much of what is known about Allee effects comes from mathematical models. This chapter deals with models of demographic Allee effects. It shows what types of model are available, what their ... More


Ecological Orbits: How Planets Move and Populations Grow

Lev Ginzburg and Mark Colyvan

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195168167
eISBN:
9780199790159
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168167.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

The main focus of the book is the presentation of the inertial view of population growth. This view provides a rather simple model for complex population dynamics, and is achieved at the level of the ... More


Computational Methods for the Study of Dynamic Economies

Ramon Marimon and Andrew Scott (eds)

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199248278
eISBN:
9780191596605
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248273.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Macroeconomics increasingly uses stochastic dynamic general equilibrium models to understand theoretical and policy issues. Unless very strong assumptions are made, understanding the properties of ... More


Transport of Radionuclides in Groundwater

Richard B. Codell and James O. Duguid

in Radiological Risk Assessment and Environmental Analysis

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195127270
eISBN:
9780199869121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195127270.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

Humans can be exposed to radioactive materials released to the ground by processes such as mining and milling of uranium, disposal of radioactive waste in repositories and landfills, or through ... More


CONSTRUCTIVE SET THEORIES AND THEIR CATEGORY-THEORETIC MODELS

Alex Simpson

in From Sets and Types to Topology and Analysis: Towards practicable foundations for constructive mathematics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198566519
eISBN:
9780191713927
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566519.003.0003
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This chapter advocates a pragmatic approach to constructive set theory, using axioms based solely on set-theoretic principles that are directly relevant to (constructive) mathematical practice. The ... More


Formal Models in Narrative Analysis

David Herman

Apostolos Doxiadis and Barry Mazur (eds)

in Circles Disturbed: The Interplay of Mathematics and Narrative

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149042
eISBN:
9781400842681
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149042.003.0013
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter considers formal models of narrative and the nature of the theory of narrative. After discussing the diachronic and synchronic approaches to investigating the role of formal models in ... More


Mathematical Model

Joshua M. Epstein

in Agent_Zero: Toward Neurocognitive Foundations for Generative Social Science

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691158884
eISBN:
9781400848256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691158884.003.0002
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This part of the book describes explicit mathematical models for the affective, cognitive, and social components of Agent_Zero. It first considers some underlying neuroscience of fear and the role of ... More


Mathematics and Narrative: A Narratological Perspective

Uri Margolin

Apostolos Doxiadis and Barry Mazur (eds)

in Circles Disturbed: The Interplay of Mathematics and Narrative

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149042
eISBN:
9781400842681
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149042.003.0014
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter examines the manifold relations between narrative and mathematics from the point of view of narratology. In particular, it considers some of the ways in which we can speak of mathematics ... More


Some Growing Tips

C. J. Brainerd and V. F. Reyna

in The Science of False Memory

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195154054
eISBN:
9780199868384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154054.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter considers what the near future of the science of false memory may hold by exploring some emerging areas of experimentation. It focuses on three specific areas: mathematical models of ... More


Kelvin and Statistical Mechanics

Oliver Penrose

in Kelvin: Life, Labours and Legacy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199231256
eISBN:
9780191710803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231256.003.0015
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

Kelvin played a big part in the development of statistical mechanics, both for equilibrium and non-equilibrium. This chapter reviews these developments, taking a particular interest in Kelvin's own ... More


Imaging, Picturing, and Scaling

Bas C. van Fraassen

in Scientific Representation: Paradoxes of Perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199278220
eISBN:
9780191707926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278220.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

Resemblance comes in, not when we are answering the question — What is representation? — but rather when we address How does this or that representation represent, and how does it succeed? The ... More


Visual Pattern Analyzers

Norma Van Surdam Graham

Published in print:
1989
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195051544
eISBN:
9780199872183
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195051544.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

From the light that falls on the retina, the visual system must extract meaningful information about what is where in our environment. At an early stage in this process, it analyzes the incoming ... More


General introduction

Baltazar D. Aguda and Avner Friedman

in Models of Cellular Regulation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198570912
eISBN:
9780191718717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570912.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

This introductory chapter begins with a brief discussion of the primary goal of this book, which is to provide an account of networks of physicochemical interactions and the cellular processes that ... More


Fictions and Folk Ontology

Michael Weisberg

in Simulation and Similarity: Using Models to Understand the World

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199933662
eISBN:
9780199333004
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199933662.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Chapter 3 develops a version of the maths view of mathematical models. On this view, mathematical and computational models are interpreted mathematical structures. However, in the last few years, a ... More


New Trends in the Physics and Mechanics of Biological Systems: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School: Volume 92, July 2009

Martine Ben Amar, Alain Goriely, Martin Michael Müller, and Leticia Cugliandolo (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199605835
eISBN:
9780191729522
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199605835.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

In July 2009, many experts in the mathematical modelling of biological sciences gathered in Les Houches for a four-week summer school on the mechanics and physics of biological systems. The goal of ... More


Introduction

Michael Doebeli

in Adaptive Diversification (MPB-48)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128931
eISBN:
9781400838936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128931.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This introductory chapter provides an overview of frequency-dependent selection—the phenomenon that the evolving population is part of the changing environment determining the evolutionary ... More


Mathematical and computational modelling tools

Baltazar D. Aguda and Avner Friedman

in Models of Cellular Regulation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198570912
eISBN:
9780191718717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570912.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

This chapter reviews chemical kinetics to illustrate the formulation of model equations for a given reaction mechanism. For spatially uniform systems, these model equations are usually ordinary ... More


Introduction

J. N. REDDY

in An Introduction to Nonlinear Finite Element Analysis

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198525295
eISBN:
9780191711671
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525295.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

One of the most important thing engineers and scientists do is to model natural phenomena. They develop conceptual and mathematical models to simulate physical events, whether they are aerospace, ... More


Item Response Theory

Christine DeMars

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195377033
eISBN:
9780199847341
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377033.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This book addresses an important issue for the design of survey instruments, which is rarely taught in graduate programs beyond those specifically for statisticians. Item Response Theory is used to ... More


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