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Sex Equality

Alec Stone Sweet

in The Judicial Construction of Europe

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199275533
eISBN:
9780191602009
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019927553X.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The evolution is charted, through adjudication, of the rules governing sex equality in European Community (EC) law. The first section, ‘The Normative Structure’, provides an overview of the Treaty of ... More


Difunta Correa

Frank Graziano

in Cultures of Devotion: Folk Saints of Spanish America

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195171303
eISBN:
9780199785193
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171303.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter explores the devotion to Difunta Correa, a prominent folk saint in western Argentina. It examines myth development, particularly in relation to Difunta Correa’s miraculous breast; ... More


Judicial Rulemaking and the Institutionalization of European Union Sex Equality Policy

Rachel A. Cichowski

in The Institutionalization of Europe

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199247967
eISBN:
9780191601088
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924796X.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

An examination is made of the impact of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) on the institutional evolution of European Union sex equality policy, following the provision in the Treaty of Rome (Art. ... More


Forging a Gender Contract in Early National and International Labour Regulation

Leah F. Vosko

in Managing the Margins: Gender, Citizenship, and the International Regulation of Precarious Employment

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199574810
eISBN:
9780191722080
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574810.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy, HRM / IR

This chapter traces the prehistory of the SER at the national and international levels, demonstrating its gendered roots. Building on scholarship in women's history illustrating how early attempts to ... More


Living with Other Flowers: Competition and Pollination Ecology

Pat Willmer

in Pollination and Floral Ecology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128610
eISBN:
9781400838943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128610.003.0022
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines competition in the context of pollination ecology. Competition is typically treated from the perspective of the plants, but it is also likely to occur among and between the ... More


Thecla Desiring and Desired

B. Diane Lipsett

in Desiring Conversion: Hermas, Thecla, Aseneth

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199754519
eISBN:
9780199827213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199754519.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

The chapter offers a close analysis of The Acts of Paul and Thecla, tracing how desire, restraint, and narrative transformation intersect with depictions of virginity, maternity, and masculinity. ... More


Anti‐Suffragists at War

Julia Bush

in Women Against the Vote: Female Anti-Suffragism in Britain

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199248773
eISBN:
9780191714689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199248773.003.0010
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

Anti-suffrage women believed that their particular virtues and capacities would be needed more than ever during the First World War. Political campaigns were suspended, but an undercurrent of ... More


In League With Women Voters

Judith N. McArthur and Harold L. Smith

in Minnie Fisher Cunningham: A Suffragist's Life in Politics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195304862
eISBN:
9780199871537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304862.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Having won the ballot, the former suffragists organized the nonpartisan League of Women Voters, through which women could continue to work as a pressure group for a female reform agenda. Minnie ... More


The Mighty Mother

Jane Spencer

in Literary Relations: Kinship and the Canon 1660-1830

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199262960
eISBN:
9780191718731
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199262960.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter argues that while literary paternity has been understood in historical terms as set of relationships between real men, literary maternity has been imagined in mythical terms, its common ... More


“No Right to Layettes or Nursing Time”: Maternity Leave and the Question of U.S. Exceptionalism

Eileen Boris

in Workers Across the Americas: The Transnational Turn in Labor History

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199731633
eISBN:
9780199894420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199731633.003.0014
Subject:
History, World Early Modern History

The United States, nearly alone of industrial nations, lacks paid parental leave. But by considering U.S. efforts in light of the construction of International Labor Organization (ILO) conventions on ... More


Mother and Child: The House in Paris (1935)

Neil Corcoran

in Elizabeth Bowen: The Enforced Return

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198186908
eISBN:
9780191719011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198186908.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

This chapter offers a reading of Bowen's novel, The House in Paris, as her major statement about maternity and orphanhood — subjects that preoccupied her all her life, having strong autobiographical ... More


Passive Resistance to Active Rebellion: From Trifles to The Verge

Veronica Makowsky

in Susan Glaspell's Century of American Women: A Critical Interpretation of Her Work

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195078664
eISBN:
9780199855117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195078664.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, Drama

Susan Glaspell is well known for the widely anthologized Trifles (1916), and many critics treat the plays as her greatest works because they are an exciting and innovative contribution to American ... More


Duration Models

Stephen Bazen

in Econometric Methods for Labour Economics

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199576791
eISBN:
9780191731136
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199576791.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

In many countries, the rise and persistence of unemployment from the 1970s onwards led to labour economists paying special attention to the duration of a spell of unemployment. The econometric ... More


‘FREIHEIT WILL ICH! KÖRPERLOSE, SCHRANKENLOSE!’ HELENE BÖHLAU (1856–1940), HEDWIG DOHM (1831–1919), AND THE EMANCIPATORY VALUE OF ILLNESS, FOOD REFUSAL, AND VEGETARIANISM

ANNA RICHARDS

in The Wasting Heroine in German Fiction by Women 1770-1914

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199267545
eISBN:
9780191708398
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267545.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, Women's Literature

This chapter examines a selection of works by Hedwig Dohm and Helene Böhlau in the context of the feminist and vegetarian movements of the period, as well as providing a brief discussion of the ... More


Adult Life

Sara Mendelson and Patricia Crawford

in Women in Early Modern England 1550–1720

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198201243
eISBN:
9780191674846
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201243.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Social History

This chapter deals with women's conceptions of adult life. They usually conceptualised female maturity in terms of being married, with a household to run, possibly with children to rear and servants ... More


The Dutch Obstetrical System: Vanguard of the Future in Maternity Care

Raymond De Vries, Therese A. Wiegers, Beatrijs Smulders, and Edwin Van Teijlingen

in Birth Models That Work

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520248632
eISBN:
9780520943339
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520248632.003.0002
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

The singularity of the Dutch maternity care system has made it a model for all those who seek to slow or reverse the march toward the medicalization of birth found in the developed world. This ... More


The New Zealand Maternity System: A Midwifery Renaissance

Chris Hendry

in Birth Models That Work

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520248632
eISBN:
9780520943339
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520248632.003.0003
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter presents the development of the New Zealand model of maternity care, which has evolved over the past eighteen years and continues to do so. Midwifery in this country has continued to ... More


Maternal Care and Maternal Mortality in Britain, 1935–1950

Irvine Loudon

in Death in Childbirth: An International Study of Maternal Care and Maternal Mortality 1800-1950

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198229971
eISBN:
9780191678950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198229971.003.0016
Subject:
History, World Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines maternal care and maternal mortality in Great Britain during the period from 1935 to 1950. During this period, the maternal mortality rate fell so steeply that the 1950 rate was ... More


Home Deliveries and the General Practitioner

Irvine Loudon

in Death in Childbirth: An International Study of Maternal Care and Maternal Mortality 1800-1950

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198229971
eISBN:
9780191678950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198229971.003.0018
Subject:
History, World Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses the problems of American general practitioners who were providing home maternity services during the late 19th century to early 20th century. In the 1920s, specialist ... More


The American Lying-in Hospital, 1850–1910

Irvine Loudon

in Death in Childbirth: An International Study of Maternal Care and Maternal Mortality 1800-1950

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198229971
eISBN:
9780191678950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198229971.003.0020
Subject:
History, World Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines the condition of lying-in hospitals in the US during the period from 1850 to 1910. Lying-in hospitals had very high maternal mortality rates, but for humanitarian or ... More


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