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Introduction: I: Origins, Prevention, Reconciliation

Ervin Staub

in Overcoming Evil: Genocide, Violent Conflict, and Terrorism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195382044
eISBN:
9780199864942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195382044.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter sets out the purpose of the book, which is to examine the central principles of or primary influences leading to intense violence between groups, with attention to variations in them in ... More


Learning by Doing in Individuals and Groups: The Evolution of Extreme Violence

Ervin Staub

in Overcoming Evil: Genocide, Violent Conflict, and Terrorism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195382044
eISBN:
9780199864942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195382044.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter traces the evolution of extreme violence by individuals and groups. People “learn by doing”, and they change as a result of what they do. Individuals and the whole group change as they ... More


Instigating Conditions: Starting Points of Mass Violence

Ervin Staub

in Overcoming Evil: Genocide, Violent Conflict, and Terrorism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195382044
eISBN:
9780199864942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195382044.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter discusses the starting points of mass violence. The starting points, or initial instigators, of intense group violence are usually either difficult life conditions in a society—economic ... More


Cultural/Societal Characteristics That Make Hostility and Violence More Likely

Ervin Staub

in Overcoming Evil: Genocide, Violent Conflict, and Terrorism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195382044
eISBN:
9780199864942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195382044.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter identifies the cultural and societal characteristics that can increase the likelihood of mass violence. One of these is a history of devaluation of and discrimination against a group. ... More


Introduction: II: Early and Late Prevention, the Costs of Violence, Evil and Goodness

Ervin Staub

in Overcoming Evil: Genocide, Violent Conflict, and Terrorism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195382044
eISBN:
9780199864942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195382044.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter discusses the early and late prevention of mass violence, the concepts of evil and goodness, and the knowledge base for this book. It also describes the elements of the report by a ... More


The Roots and Prevention of Genocide and Related Mass Violence

Ervin Staub

in The Slippery Slope to Genocide: Reducing Identity Conflicts and Preventing Mass Murder

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199791743
eISBN:
9780199919222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199791743.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter describes influences leading to genocide (and other mass violence). These influences include economic deterioration, political chaos, great social changes, and conflict, usually between ... More


Internal and External Bystanders: Their Passivity, Complicity, and Role in the Evolution of Violence

Ervin Staub

in Overcoming Evil: Genocide, Violent Conflict, and Terrorism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195382044
eISBN:
9780199864942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195382044.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter discusses the role of internal and external bystanders in the evolution of mass violence. In the face of escalating violence, witnesses or bystanders usually remain passive, due to past ... More


Assimilation: The Conversion and Forced Marriage of Christian Children

Taner Akçam

in The Young Turks' Crime against Humanity: The Armenian Genocide and Ethnic Cleansing in the Ottoman Empire

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153339
eISBN:
9781400841844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153339.003.0009
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter contends that there are two reasons why the concept of assimilation was detached from the study of genocide. First, Armenian Genocide studies have suffered from the general weaknesses of ... More


Introduction and Late Prevention

Ervin Staub

in Overcoming Evil: Genocide, Violent Conflict, and Terrorism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195382044
eISBN:
9780199864942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195382044.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter discusses the prevention of group violence. Prevention usually happens in response to already intense violence against a group. But ideally prevention of group violence will start early, ... More


Psychological and Societal/Group Processes That Arise from Instigating Conditions

Ervin Staub

in Overcoming Evil: Genocide, Violent Conflict, and Terrorism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195382044
eISBN:
9780199864942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195382044.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter discusses the group processes arising from difficult life conditions. Groups and their members tend to respond to difficult life conditions and group conflict by fulfilling basic needs ... More


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