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Marine Mammal Conservation

John R. Twiss, Robert J. Hofman, and John E. Reynolds III

in Foundations of Environmental Sustainability: The Coevolution of Science and Policy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195309454
eISBN:
9780199871261
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309454.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter focuses on the US Marine Mammal Commission, the principles of marine mammal management and conservation associated with it, and the status and conservation issues involved with varying ... More


Marine Wildlife Policy: Underlying Ideologies

Michael L. Weber

in Foundations of Environmental Sustainability: The Coevolution of Science and Policy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195309454
eISBN:
9780199871261
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309454.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter focuses on the ideologies that underlie and play a major role in determining the policies of government, management, and even science. Ideology is defined as “the body of doctrines, ... More


Changing the Mission:: From the Cold War to Climate Change

Naomi Oreskes

in Science and Technology in the Global Cold War

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262027953
eISBN:
9780262326100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027953.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In the early 1990s a group of American oceanographers sought to change their focus away from Cold War military concerns and toward environmental matters related to anthropogenic climate change. ... More


Resilience and Reorganization: Archaeology and Historical Ecology of California Channel Island Marine Mammals

Todd J. Braje, Torben C. Rick, Robert L. DeLong, and Jon M. Erlandson

in Human Impacts on Seals, Sea Lions, and Sea Otters: Integrating Archaeology and Ecology in the Northeast Pacific

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520267268
eISBN:
9780520948976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520267268.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

California's Channel Islands currently shelter more than 200,000 pinnipeds of six different species, and more than a dozen large and small cetacean species also swim through or are seasonally ... More


Diversity and Dynamics of Californian Subtidal Kelp Forests

Michael Graham, Ben Halpern, and Mark Carr

in Food Webs and the Dynamics of Marine Reefs

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195319958
eISBN:
9780199869596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195319958.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

The chapter describes the geology, oceanography, and patterns of biogeography of the California kelp forests. The structure and biodiversity of the kelp forest food web for all trophic guilds is ... More


Marine Mammals: Exploiting the Ambiguities of Article 65 of the Convention on the Law of the Sea and Related Provisions: Practice under the International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling

Patricia W Birnie

in The Law of the Sea: Progress and Prospects

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199299614
eISBN:
9780191714887
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299614.003.0014
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

The 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (LOSC) conceals more than it reveals concerning the difficulties experienced by the Third United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea ... More


Marine Mammal Protection Act Implementation in an Era of Climate Change

Keith W. Rizzardi

in Climate Change Impacts on Ocean and Coastal Law: U.S. and International Perspectives

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199368747
eISBN:
9780199368761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199368747.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law, Public International Law

Sea-level rise presents immediate threats to coastal wildlife, but marine mammals in the open oceans will experience effects of climate change as well. Prey abundance and habitats will change, ocean ... More


Introduction

Cameron S. G. Jefferies

in Marine Mammal Conservation and the Law of the Sea

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780190493141
eISBN:
9780190493172
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190493141.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law, Public International Law

This chapter introduces the book, which explores the complicated relationship between humans and marine mammals and the struggles associated with achieving effective management. After exploring the ... More


The Current Marine Mammal Regulatory Landscape

Cameron S. G. Jefferies

in Marine Mammal Conservation and the Law of the Sea

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780190493141
eISBN:
9780190493172
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190493141.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law, Public International Law

This chapter demonstrates that the current approach to international marine mammal conservation remains fragmented and ad hoc, and also that its rigidity renders it unable to respond to emerging ... More


The Proposal: Part I—The Framework for a New Approach

Cameron S. G. Jefferies

in Marine Mammal Conservation and the Law of the Sea

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780190493141
eISBN:
9780190493172
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190493141.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law, Public International Law

This chapter presents the framework for a new implementing agreement, titled “Draft Agreement for the Implementation of the Provisions of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea of 10 ... More


Hyporegulators Hyporegulators

Timothy J. Bradley

in Animal Osmoregulation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198569961
eISBN:
9780191728273
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569961.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Many organisms living in the oceans or in salt lakes are hyporegulators, meaning that they maintain their body fluids hypo-osmotically to the external medium. Marine fish hyporegulate by drinking the ... More


Toward a Historical Ecology of Pinniped and Sea Otter Hunting Traditions on the Coast of Southern British Columbia

Iain McKechnie and Rebecca J. Wigen

in Human Impacts on Seals, Sea Lions, and Sea Otters: Integrating Archaeology and Ecology in the Northeast Pacific

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520267268
eISBN:
9780520948976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520267268.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Marine mammals (pinnipeds, cetaceans, and sea otters) have been important to the First Nations people in coastal British Columbia for millennia, but their archaeological distribution is poorly known. ... More


Return to the Sea: The Life and Evolutionary Times of Marine Mammals

Annalisa Berta

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780520270572
eISBN:
9780520951440
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520270572.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Return to the Sea portrays the life and evolutionary times of marine mammals from giant whales and sea cows that originated fifty-five million years ago and walked on land to deep-diving elephant ... More


People, Pinnipeds, and Sea Otters of the Northeast Pacific

Torben C. Rick, Todd J. Braje, and Robert L. DeLong

in Human Impacts on Seals, Sea Lions, and Sea Otters: Integrating Archaeology and Ecology in the Northeast Pacific

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520267268
eISBN:
9780520948976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520267268.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Often highly intelligent with sophisticated communication systems, marine mammals are a fundamental component of marine ecosystems around the world. Archaeological data demonstrate that human impacts ... More


A History of Paleoecological Research on Sea Otters and Pinnipeds of the Eastern Pacific Rim

R. Lee Lyman

in Human Impacts on Seals, Sea Lions, and Sea Otters: Integrating Archaeology and Ecology in the Northeast Pacific

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520267268
eISBN:
9780520948976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520267268.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

It is not easy to find an article on the zooarchaeology of marine mammals, or on some prehistoric aspect of marine mammals based on zooarchaeological remains in a natural history journal such as ... More


Evidence for Bottom-Up Control of Upper-Trophic-Level Marine Populations: Is It Scale-Dependent?

GEORGE L. HUNT JR.

in Whales, Whaling, and Ocean Ecosystems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520248847
eISBN:
9780520933200
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520248847.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter examines the evidence for a bottom-up limitation of upper-trophic-level fish, marine birds, and marine mammals. It presents evidence of the role of food limitation on population size and ... More


Goals for the Rational Conservation of Marine Mammals and Emerging Ethical Considerations

Cameron S. G. Jefferies

in Marine Mammal Conservation and the Law of the Sea

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780190493141
eISBN:
9780190493172
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190493141.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law, Public International Law

This chapter identifies the theoretical framework that supports the analysis. In addition to establishing the basic decision-making model, this chapter fulfills a fundamental aspect of the rational ... More


Legacy of Industrial Whaling: Could Killer Whales Be Responsible for Declines of Sea Lions, Elephant Seals, and Minke Whales in the Southern Hemisphere?

TREVOR A. BRANCH and TERRIE M. WILLIAMS

in Whales, Whaling, and Ocean Ecosystems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520248847
eISBN:
9780520933200
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520248847.003.0020
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

An intriguing hypothesis that has recently been raised for the North Pacific Ocean and southern Bering Sea (Springer et al., 2003) holds that the reduction in large-cetacean biomass from whaling ... More


An Analysis of Seal, Sea Lion, and Sea Otter Consumption Patterns on Sanak Island, Alaska: An 1800–Year Record on Aleut Consumer Behavior

Veronica Lech, Matthew W. Betts, and Herbert D. C. Maschner

in Human Impacts on Seals, Sea Lions, and Sea Otters: Integrating Archaeology and Ecology in the Northeast Pacific

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520267268
eISBN:
9780520948976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520267268.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter analyzes element and cut mark frequencies to determine the response of Aleut processing and transport strategies to variations in marine mammal abundance. It argues that during times of ... More


Transforming Wicked Environmental Problems in the Government Arena: A Case Study of the Effects of Marine Sound on Marine Mammals

Jill Lewandowski

in Human-Wildlife Conflict: Complexity in the Marine Environment

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780199687145
eISBN:
9780191810961
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199687145.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Management of marine resources by governments is often wrought with wicked environmental problems. These types of problems involve highly complex and controversial issues, high levels of scientific ... More


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