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 Egalitarianism and Assets: God the Economist

Joshua A. Berman

in Created Equal: How the Bible Broke with Ancient Political Thought

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195374704
eISBN:
9780199871438
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374704.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Judaism, Biblical Studies

Class may be defined as the formation of groups around the extraction, production, transformation, distribution, exchange, and consumption of economic surplus. A program for an egalitarian order, ... More


The Free Afro-Brazilians in a Slave Society

HERBERT S. KLEIN

in Racism and Ethnic Relations in the Portuguese-Speaking World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197265246
eISBN:
9780191754197
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265246.003.0012
Subject:
History, Imperialism and Colonialism

This chapter evaluates the free coloured class under slavery in imperial Brazil. Being the largest such group in the Americas, the free coloureds by the middle of the nineteenth century were also by ... More


Ne Serva Prostituatur *: Restrictive Covenants in the Sale of Slaves

Thomas A. J. McGinn

in Prostitution, Sexuality, and the Law in Ancient Rome

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195161328
eISBN:
9780199789344
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195161328.003.0008
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

Roman law recognized certain restrictive covenants in agreements for the sale of slaves, covenants that directed a certain disposition of the slave on the part of the buyer but that, when violated, ... More


Freedmen with Conditional Freedom

Deborah Kamen

in Status in Classical Athens

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691138138
eISBN:
9781400846535
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691138138.003.0004
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter focuses on one of the two major subtypes of freed slave in classical Athens, the slaves freed with strings attached. It begins with a discussion of how manumission worked in classical ... More


The Divine Providence of Slavery and Freedom

John Saillant

in Black Puritan, Black Republican: The Life and Thought of Lemuel Haynes, 1753-1833

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195157178
eISBN:
9780199834617
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195157176.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Lemuel Haynes was schooled in the New Divinity, the Calvinist theology of the students of Jonathan Edwards. Haynes declared himself a follower of Samuel Hopkins, the leading interpreter of Edwardsean ... More


Body Language: Corporal Anxiety and Christian Theology

Jennifer A. Glancy

in Slavery in Early Christianity

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195136098
eISBN:
9780199834228
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195136098.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Most slaves in the Roman Empire were probably houseborn, i.e., the offspring of slave mothers. Other sources of slaves included exposure of children, war, kidnapping, and – to a very limited extent – ... More


Degrees of Freedom: Vernae and Junian Latins in the Roman familia *

Beryl Rawson

in Children, Memory, and Family Identity in Roman Culture

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199582570
eISBN:
9780191595271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199582570.003.0009
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

Slaves had readier access to freedom in Roman society than in other known slave societies. Those most favoured were urban, talented, pleasing slaves, especially those who formed close personal ... More


1776: Thomas Newby's Manumission Paper

Michael J. Crawford

in The Having of Negroes Is Become a Burden: The Quaker Struggle to Free Slaves in Revolutionary North Carolina

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813034706
eISBN:
9780813038346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813034706.003.0010
Subject:
History, African-American History

Thomas Newby, who owned fourteen slaves, was one of the wealthiest men in Perquimans County in 1775. When Newby freed ten of his slaves on 3 March 1776, he had been contemplating the move for two ... More


1777: Thomas Newby's Petition to Free His Slave Hannah

Michael J. Crawford

in The Having of Negroes Is Become a Burden: The Quaker Struggle to Free Slaves in Revolutionary North Carolina

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813034706
eISBN:
9780813038346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813034706.003.0011
Subject:
History, African-American History

Thomas Newby filed a petition to the county court for permission to free a slave called Hannah as she had “grown old.” The terms of the 1776 manumission and the circumstances of the 1777 petition to ... More


1777: An Act to Prevent Domestic Insurrections

Michael J. Crawford

in The Having of Negroes Is Become a Burden: The Quaker Struggle to Free Slaves in Revolutionary North Carolina

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813034706
eISBN:
9780813038346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813034706.003.0014
Subject:
History, African-American History

Suspicious of the Quakers' Loyalist leanings and fearful of slave rebellion, the North Carolina government reacted in alarm when Friends began setting slaves free and introduced a law called the Act ... More


1777: The Trial of Several Negroes Manumitted by Friends

Michael J. Crawford

in The Having of Negroes Is Become a Burden: The Quaker Struggle to Free Slaves in Revolutionary North Carolina

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813034706
eISBN:
9780813038346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813034706.003.0015
Subject:
History, African-American History

The North Carolina Yearly Meeting's Standing Committee believed that the new law should apply only to slaves set free after the Act to Prevent Domestic Insurrections was passed. The committee engaged ... More


1777: Friends' Reasons for Releasing Their Negroes from a State of Slavery

Michael J. Crawford

in The Having of Negroes Is Become a Burden: The Quaker Struggle to Free Slaves in Revolutionary North Carolina

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813034706
eISBN:
9780813038346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813034706.003.0017
Subject:
History, African-American History

The Standing Committee of the North Carolina Yearly Meeting believed it was important to promulgate the true motives behind the manumissions. In their October 1777 assembly, the yearly meeting ... More


1788: Memorial from the North Carolina Yearly Meeting to the North Carolina General Assembly

Michael J. Crawford

in The Having of Negroes Is Become a Burden: The Quaker Struggle to Free Slaves in Revolutionary North Carolina

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813034706
eISBN:
9780813038346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813034706.003.0022
Subject:
History, African-American History

The yearly meeting regularly sent memorials to the General Assembly seeking a change in the law of manumission that would protect the slaves they set free from re-enslavement. The version of these ... More


1788: An Act to Amend an Act Entitled “An Act to Prevent Domestic Insurrections”

Michael J. Crawford

in The Having of Negroes Is Become a Burden: The Quaker Struggle to Free Slaves in Revolutionary North Carolina

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813034706
eISBN:
9780813038346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813034706.003.0023
Subject:
History, African-American History

Despite the frustration that North Carolina Friends experienced when liberated slaves were re-enslaved, they continued to free slaves. In response, in 1788 North Carolina's legislature strengthened ... More


Chapter 7

Roger G. Kennedy

in Burr, Hamilton, and Jefferson: A Study in Character

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195140552
eISBN:
9780199848775
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195140552.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

The battle against race-based slavery and racial discrimination began in New York at the White Plains Convention of 1776, at which the colony's revolutionaries gathered to create their new ... More


Free Blacks

Brenda E. Stevenson

in Life in Black and White: Family and Community in the Slave South

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195118032
eISBN:
9780199853793
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195118032.003.0011
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

The origins of the free colored community in Loudoun can be traced to the early 18th century settlers of the region. Later on, offspring of impoverished free men and women earned their freedom after ... More


Freedom's Gardener: James F. Brown, Horticulture, and the Hudson Valley in Antebellum America

Myra B. Young Armstead

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814705100
eISBN:
9780814707920
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814705100.001.0001
Subject:
History, African-American History

In 1793 James F. Brown was born a slave, and in 1868 he died a free man. At age 34 he ran away from his native Maryland to pass the remainder of his life as a gardener to a wealthy family in the ... More


The Emancipation Moment

David Brion Davis

in The Gettysburg Lectures

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195089110
eISBN:
9780199853830
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195089110.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

The Emancipation Proclamation by Lincoln was a historic moment for men and women alike who continued to experience new forms of bondage and oppression. Martin Luther King's rhetoric at the Lincoln ... More


The Manumission of Slaves

Catherine Hezser

in Jewish Slavery in Antiquity

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199280865
eISBN:
9780191712852
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199280865.003.0015
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

The eventual manumission of slaves was an ideal held up by many ancient slaveholding societies. It is expressed in numerous Greek and Roman literary texts as well as in the Hebrew Bible and later ... More


The Politics of Classicism in the Poetry of Phillis Wheatley

Emily Greenwood

in Ancient Slavery and Abolition: From Hobbes to Hollywood

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199574674
eISBN:
9780191728723
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574674.003.0006
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

Phyllis Wheatley’s use of Classics, which early reception often dismissed as a derivate assimilation of neoclassical conventions, raises questions about whether or not Classics is the preserve of the ... More


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