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The Big Squeeze: A Social and Political History of the Controversial Mammogram

Handel Reynolds

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450938
eISBN:
9780801466007
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450938.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

In 2009, an influential panel of medical experts ignited a controversy when they recommended that most women should not begin routine mammograms to screen for breast cancer until the age of fifty, ... More


Introduction: The Mammography Story

Handel Reynolds

in The Big Squeeze: A Social and Political History of the Controversial Mammogram

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450938
eISBN:
9780801466007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450938.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This introductory chapter sets out the book's purpose, which is to chronicle the often turbulent history of screening mammography since its introduction in the early 1970s. The book makes five key ... More


Designing Risk Communication in Health

Stephanie Kurzenhäuser and Ulrich Hoffrage

in Ecological Rationality: Intelligence in the World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195315448
eISBN:
9780199932429
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315448.003.0130
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Human-Technology Interaction

This chapter explores how the representation of statistical information affects the understanding of risks and uncertainties in medical contexts. Using mammography screening as a prime example, it is ... More


Age Is Nothing But a Number

Handel Reynolds

in The Big Squeeze: A Social and Political History of the Controversial Mammogram

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450938
eISBN:
9780801466007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450938.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter details the re-emergence of a controversy in the 1990s, which nearly brought the ascendancy of mammography to a complete halt. The controversy stemmed from the results of a major ... More


Health Technology Assessment Implementation: The Politics of Ethics

Daniel Callahan

in The Roots of Bioethics: Health, Progress, Technology, Death

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199931378
eISBN:
9780199980598
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199931378.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Using a 2009 American debate on a federal public health recommendation on mammography screening for women younger than the age of 50 as a case study, it is argued that public acceptance of health ... More


Applications: Evaluation of Screening Programs

Haroutune K. Armenian

in The Case-Control Method: Design and Applications

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195187113
eISBN:
9780199864898
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187113.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter begins with a presentation of the basic principles for early disease detection, such as the disease should be of serious consequence and should have an accepted treatment. It then ... More


What screening does

Angela E. Raffle and J. A. Muir Gray

in Screening: Evidence and practice

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199214495
eISBN:
9780191723742
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214495.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter gives a deeper understanding of screening, and of the diverse consequences it brings. It illustrates the over-detection problem with reference to mammography breast screening, and ... More


Making screening policy

Angela E. Raffle and J. A. Muir Gray

in Screening: Evidence and practice

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199214495
eISBN:
9780191723742
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214495.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter shows how resources, values, beliefs, and commercial factors all influence screening policy, and gives clear insight into some of the ethical dilemmas involved. Case histories include ... More


Prevention and the Science and Politics of Evidence

Diana B. Petitti

in Prevention vs. Treatment: What's the Right Balance?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199837373
eISBN:
9780199919499
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199837373.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Evidence and politics intersect in the delineation of policy about prevention. Historically, prevention has played a prominent role in defining the evidence-based medicine movement and creating ... More


Timing Is Everything

Handel Reynolds

in The Big Squeeze: A Social and Political History of the Controversial Mammogram

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450938
eISBN:
9780801466007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450938.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter examines three principal movements that set the stage for the auspicious debut of the process of mammography screening. First, the passage of the National Cancer Act of 1971 provided ... More


First Exposure

Handel Reynolds

in The Big Squeeze: A Social and Political History of the Controversial Mammogram

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450938
eISBN:
9780801466007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450938.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter details the American Cancer Society's massive Breast Cancer Detection Demonstration Project (BCDDP) launched in 1973, when most Americans had never heard of mammography. The BCDDP ... More


The Aftermath

Handel Reynolds

in The Big Squeeze: A Social and Political History of the Controversial Mammogram

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450938
eISBN:
9780801466007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450938.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter discusses the legacy of the Breast Cancer Detection Demonstration Project (BCDDP), which was concluded in 1981. According to sociologist Maren Klawiter, the BCDDP represented a shift of ... More


A Tale of Two Epidemics

Handel Reynolds

in The Big Squeeze: A Social and Political History of the Controversial Mammogram

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450938
eISBN:
9780801466007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450938.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter first details the emergence of the AIDS epidemic in the 1980s and the events that galvanized AIDs activism and led to important victories on both the legislative and the scientific ... More


Pulling the Plug on Granny

Handel Reynolds

in The Big Squeeze: A Social and Political History of the Controversial Mammogram

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450938
eISBN:
9780801466007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450938.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter begins by detailing another controversy that mammography became embroiled in the fall of 2009. In October 2009, the American Cancer Society's chief medical officer Dr. Otis Brawley ... More


The House That Mammography Built

Handel Reynolds

in The Big Squeeze: A Social and Political History of the Controversial Mammogram

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450938
eISBN:
9780801466007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450938.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter details the advent of breast cancer cause-related marketing. Cause-related marketing is a strategy whereby a company enhances its public image and drives consumers to its products by ... More


Overdiagnosis: Mammography’s Burden

Handel Reynolds

in The Big Squeeze: A Social and Political History of the Controversial Mammogram

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450938
eISBN:
9780801466007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450938.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter discusses mammography-induced breast cancer overdiagnosis, which represents the most significant detrimental consequences of screening. Until recently the issue has received almost no ... More


7.1 Ownership of Medical Images in e-Science Collaborations: Learning from the Diagnostic Mammography National Database

Tina Piper and David Vaver

in World Wide Research: Reshaping the Sciences and Humanities

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014397
eISBN:
9780262272087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014397.003.0024
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

Grid computing enables a global e-science infrastructure that has the potential to become a technically complex supercomputing infrastructure, distributed among geographically disparate locations and ... More


Breast Cancer Screening Pamphlets Mislead Women

Gerd Gigerenzer

in Simply Rational: Decision Making in the Real World

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199390076
eISBN:
9780190240684
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199390076.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter sets out four ways that misinformation is communicated to women invited to breast cancer screening. These are as follows: tell women what to do without stating the benefits, report ... More


Aligning Clinical Practice with Best Evidence of Comparative Effectiveness: Payment Policy for Evidence-Based Medical Care

Carol M. Ashton and Nelda P. Wray

in Comparative Effectiveness Research: Evidence, Medicine, and Policy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199968565
eISBN:
9780199346080
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199968565.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Contemporary U.S. health care is characterized by the under-use of services known to improve patients’ outcomes and the over-use of services beyond what can benefit patients. Large proportions of ... More


Community-Based Participatory Research Studies on Breast and Cervical Cancer Screening

Steven S. Coughlin, Emily Youngblom, and Deborah J. Bowen

in Handbook of Community-Based Participatory Research

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2017
ISBN:
9780190652234
eISBN:
9780190662738
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190652234.003.0012
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter provides an overview of the public health significance of breast and cervical cancer. It discusses disparities in incidence and mortality rates according to race, ethnicity, urban versus ... More


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