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Oral Care in Advanced Disease

Andrew Davies and Ilora Finlay (eds)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192632432
eISBN:
9780191730375
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192632432.001.0001
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

Lesions of the oral cavity have an enormous impact on the quality of life of patients with advanced disease. They cause considerable morbidity and diminish a patient's physical and psychological well ... More


Addressing Undernutrition in India: Do ‘Rational’ Approaches Work?

Devi Sridhar

in Paradoxes of Modernization: Unintended Consequences of Public Policy Reform

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199573547
eISBN:
9780191722677
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573547.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Organization Studies

The estimated number of undernourished people around the world has increased to nearly 923 million and is projected to rise with increasing food prices. A large majority of those affected live in ... More


Food Policy: Integrating health, environment and society

Tim Lang, David Barling, and Martin Caraher

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198567882
eISBN:
9780191724121
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567882.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

For over half a century, food policy has mapped a path for progress based upon a belief that the right mix of investment, scientific input, and human skills could unleash a surge in productive ... More


Less Food, Less Sex, Live Longer?

Stephen J. Simpson and David Raubenheimer

in The Nature of Nutrition: A Unifying Framework from Animal Adaptation to Human Obesity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145655
eISBN:
9781400842803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145655.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter examines the relationships between nutrition, life span, and sex. It considers the view that dietary restriction without severe malnutrition prolongs life. It is generally believed that ... More


Diets, Malnutrition, and Disease: The Indian Experience

Raghav Gaiha, Raghbendra Jha, and Vani S Kulkarni (eds)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780198099215
eISBN:
9780199084500
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198099215.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

What distinguishes this book from the current literature is its analysis of malnutrition and its meticulous exploration of dietary transition, poverty nutrition traps and links between multiple ... More


Food Security: Indicators, Measurement, and the Impact of Trade Openness

Basudeb Guha-Khasnobis, Shabd S. Acharya, and Benjamin Davis (eds)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199236558
eISBN:
9780191717031
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199236558.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This book addresses hunger from a variety of perspectives that are new and relatively under-researched. The emergence of the WTO and the freeing of agricultural trade, for example, have serious ... More


Biological Synergies and Disease

Eileen Stillwaggon

in AIDS and the Ecology of Poverty

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195169270
eISBN:
9780199783427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195169271.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter brings together the results of numerous scientific studies on the biology of immune function and disease. It presents the biomedical evidence that malnutrition and parasite infection ... More


HIV-Specific Synergies

Eileen Stillwaggon

in AIDS and the Ecology of Poverty

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195169270
eISBN:
9780199783427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195169271.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter explains the biological synergies of malnutrition, parasitic and infectious diseases, and immune response that are specific to HIV transmission, and widespread among poor populations in ... More


Introduction

Basudeb Guha‐Khasnobis, Shabd S. Acharya, and Benjamin Davis

in Food Security: Indicators, Measurement, and the Impact of Trade Openness

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199236558
eISBN:
9780191717031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199236558.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Despite the scale of human suffering inflicted by malnutrition, hunger receives less attention than poverty by donors, lending agencies, and the research community. In this work, world hunger is ... More


National Fitness in the 1930s

Ina Zweiniger‐Bargielowska

in Managing the Body: Beauty, Health, and Fitness in Britain 1880-1939

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199280520
eISBN:
9780191594878
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199280520.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter explores the 1930s fitness movement which showcased fit, disciplined citizens whose tempered patriotism stood in contrast with the uniformity invoked by fascist youth organizations. The ... More


Child Labour: A Public Health Perspective

Anaclaudia Gastal Fassa, David L. Parker, and Thomas J. Scanlon (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199558582
eISBN:
9780191594397
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558582.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Child labour constitutes a major public health concern, with estimates that worldwide 110 million children aged 57–14 years are engaged in labour that can be described as hazardous or intolerable. ... More


Inequality, Malnutrition, and the Disfranchised

Partha Dasgupta

in An Inquiry into Well-Being and Destitution

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288350
eISBN:
9780191596094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288352.003.0023
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The main part of this chapter addresses different aspects of inequality, malnutrition, and the disfranchised. It has ten sections: (1) asset ownership, maintenance costs, and labour power; (2) the ... More


Analysis of Allocation Mechanisms When Nutrition Affects Productivity

Partha Dasgupta

in An Inquiry into Well-Being and Destitution

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288350
eISBN:
9780191596094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288352.003.0024
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The main part of this chapter addresses different aspects of inequality, malnutrition, and the disfranchised. It has ten sections; (1) asset ownership, maintenance costs, and labour power; (2) the ... More


Undernutrition in children

Felicity Savage King and Ann Burgess

in Nutrition for Developing Countries

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192622334
eISBN:
9780191723643
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192622334.003.0016
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses malnutrition in children. Topics covered include protein-energy malnutrition (now renamed acute malnutrition — severe or moderate), the effects of undernutrition, how ... More


Case Studies of Countries at War: An Introduction

Frances Stewart and Valpy Fitzgerald

in War and Underdevelopment

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199241880
eISBN:
9780191696978
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241880.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The frequent incidence of civil conflict in poor countries and its tendency to recur mean that it is responsible for some of the most serious aspects of underdevelopment — malnutrition, poor ... More


Assessing Undernutrition: The Need for a Reconceptualization

P. Payne

in Nutrition and Poverty

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198283966
eISBN:
9780191684470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198283966.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter stresses the need for a reconceptualization of the assessment of undernutrition. It describes the current controversy about adaptation, the latest in a long history of conflicts that ... More


Anthropometric Measures of Nutritional Status in Industrialized Societies: Europe and North America since 1750

R. Floud (ed.)

in Nutrition and Poverty

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198283966
eISBN:
9780191684470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198283966.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines the history and effectiveness of anthropometric measures of nutritional status in industrialized societies in Europe and North America since 1750. It considers the meaning of ... More


Second Thoughts on the European Escape from Hunger: Famines, Chronic Malnutrition, and Mortality Rates

R. W. Fogel (ed.)

in Nutrition and Poverty

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198283966
eISBN:
9780191684470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198283966.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines famines, chronic malnutrition, mortality rates, and European escape from hunger. It provides evidence indicating that the elimination of crisis mortality accounted for only a ... More


Nutrition and cachexia

Josep M. Argilés, Sílvia Busquets, Mireia Olivan, and Francisco J. López-Soriano

in Supportive Care in Respiratory Disease

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199591763
eISBN:
9780191739149
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591763.003.0011
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

Cachexia syndrome, characterized by a marked weight loss, anorexia, asthenia, and anaemia, leads to a malnutrition status due to the induction of anorexia or decreased food intake. In addition, ... More


Feeding and hydration problems

Justin Amery

in Children's Palliative Care in Africa

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199567966
eISBN:
9780191730566
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567966.003.0007
Subject:
Palliative Care, Paediatric Palliative Medicine, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

Food and drink are basic survival needs, but they are also used for pleasure, socializing, habit, comfort, or even boredom. Feeding one's child is also a very powerful maternal and paternal drive. ... More


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