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Truth, Fiction, and Literature: A Philosophical Perspective

Peter Lamarque and Stein Haugom Olsen

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198236818
eISBN:
9780191679377
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198236818.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, Philosophy of Language

This book examines the complex and varied ways in which fictions relate to the real world, and offers a precise account of how imaginative works of literature can use fictional content to explore ... More


Naturalized Ontology

Mary Leng

in Mathematics and Reality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199280797
eISBN:
9780191723452
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199280797.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter considers the question of how we are to uncover our ontological commitments, on the assumption that even our best scientific theories may include hypotheses adopted for reasons other ... More


Mathematics and Make‐Believe

Mary Leng

in Mathematics and Reality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199280797
eISBN:
9780191723452
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199280797.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter presents in detail Kendall L. Walton's account of metaphor as prop‐oriented make‐believe, and discusses how this account can be used to provide an anti‐realist account of the ideal ... More


The Fictional and the Real

John Gibson

in Fiction and the Weave of Life

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199299522
eISBN:
9780191714900
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299522.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

This chapter presents some general observations on the notion of fiction. It uses a discussion of two positions from extreme corners of currently fashionable theories of fiction as an occasion for ... More


On Looking at a Picture

Malcolm Budd

in Aesthetic Essays

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199556175
eISBN:
9780191721151
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556175.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter begins with an exposition and critique of Ernst Gombrich's illusionistic theory of the experience of realistic pictures. It then modulates to its main theme — a critical examination of ... More


Does Ontology Rest on a Mistake?

Stephen Yablo

in Things: Papers on Objects, Events, and Properties

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199266487
eISBN:
9780191594274
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199266487.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

A line of research aimed at determining whether Chicago, April, Spanish, etc., really exist can seem naive to the point of comicality. It's as though one were to call for research into whether April ... More


Apriority and Existence

Stephen Yablo

in Things: Papers on Objects, Events, and Properties

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199266487
eISBN:
9780191594274
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199266487.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Quineans think that to establish the existence of so and so's, one must take a holistic a posteriori indispensability argument. Rationalists think that the existence of so and so's follows from a ... More


Abstract Objects: A Case Study

Stephen Yablo

in Things: Papers on Objects, Events, and Properties

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199266487
eISBN:
9780191594274
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199266487.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Numbers have many puzzling features. Their properties are mostly essential to them, but they exist in all possible worlds. Number theory seems a priori, yet it makes existence claims and existence ... More


FICTION AND FICTIONAL TRUTH

Paisley Livingston

in Art and Intention: A Philosophical Study

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199278060
eISBN:
9780191602269
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199278067.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

Intentionalist assumptions are relevant to three inter-related topics pertaining to fiction: the distinction between fiction and non-fiction, the nature and status of fictional truth, and the ... More


Fiction Versus Fantasy, Pretence, and Make-Believe

Frank Palmer

in Literature and Moral Understanding: A Philosophical Essay on Ethics, Aesthetics, Education, and Culture

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198242321
eISBN:
9780191680441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198242321.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, Moral Philosophy

Talk of fictional worlds is not a matter of positing ‘other worlds’ existing within or beyond the actual world, but a reflection of the shared currency of our experience of literary representation. ... More


‘Fearing Fictions’

Derek Matravers

in Art and Emotion

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199243167
eISBN:
9780191697227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199243167.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, Philosophy of Mind

Solutions to the definitional problem are defined largely in relation to Kendall Walton's view on the subject. His book, Mimesis as Make-Believe, presents a general theory of representation of which ... More


On Pictures and Photographs: Objections Answered

Kendall L. Walton

in Film Theory and Philosophy

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198159216
eISBN:
9780191673566
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198159216.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

This chapter focuses on points of disagreements on the medium of film. All films are representational. They are either visual or depictive. The vast majority of films are photographic depictions. ... More


Make-Believe Play: Wellspring for Development of Self-Regulation

LAURA E. BERK, TRISHA D. MANN, and AMY T. OGAN

in Play = Learning: How Play Motivates and Enhances Children's Cognitive and Social-Emotional Growth

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195304381
eISBN:
9780199894321
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304381.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Clinical Child Psychology / School Psychology

The early childhood years are a crucial time for the development of self-regulation — an array of complex mental capacities that includes impulse and emotion control, self-guidance of thought and ... More


My Magic Story Car: Video-Based Play Intervention to Strengthen Emergent Literacy of At-Risk Preschoolers

HARVEY F. BELLIN and DOROTHY G. SINGER

in Play = Learning: How Play Motivates and Enhances Children's Cognitive and Social-Emotional Growth

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195304381
eISBN:
9780199894321
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304381.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Clinical Child Psychology / School Psychology

This chapter focuses on My Magic Story Car, a video-based program that strengthens emergent literacy skills of at-risk preschool children from low-income families through one of the most effective ... More


Truth in Fiction

David Lewis

in Philosophical Papers Volume I

Published in print:
1983
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195032048
eISBN:
9780199833382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195032047.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Drawing on his account of possible worlds, Lewis attempts to specify the truth‐conditions for statements of the form, ‘In fiction f, Φ’. According to Lewis, such truth in fiction is the product of ... More


Existence

Michael Dummett

in The Seas of Language

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198236214
eISBN:
9780191597350
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198236212.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Frege saw existence as a second‐level concept and ascribed it to first‐level concepts, rather than to individual objects. Frege's solution encounters difficulties with the statements involving either ... More


The Aesthetic Mind: Philosophy and Psychology

Elisabeth Schellekens and Peter Goldie (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199691517
eISBN:
9780191731815
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691517.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, Philosophy of Mind

This collection of original essays from leading researchers across a wide range of disciplines engages with a number of issues concerning ‘the aesthetic mind’. It is the only collection which ... More


‘Divine Games’: Nabokov between Faith and Make-Believe, 1918–1925

Thomas Karshan

in Vladimir Nabokov and the Art of Play

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199603985
eISBN:
9780191725333
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603985.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

This chapter identifies two major themes in Nabokov's earliest writings on play, from 1918 to 1925. The first is Nabokov's exploration, beginning with his 1918 poem ‘Childhood’, of play as an ... More


An Attitude Towards the Possible: The Contributions of Pretend Play to Later Adult Consciousness

Dorothy G. Singer and Jerome L. Singer

in The Aesthetic Mind: Philosophy and Psychology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199691517
eISBN:
9780191731815
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691517.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, Philosophy of Mind

Make-believe play in children starts from about two years of age with attachment to transitional objects, play with soft toys, or imaginary playmates. The roles of pretending and story-telling play ... More


Mourning & Cheerfulness

in Living Up to Death

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780226713496
eISBN:
9780226713502
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226713502.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter presents Paul Ricouer's essay Up to death. Mourning and Cheerfulness. It highlights the author's fear of being the dying person for those who will visit him and suggests that there is an ... More


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