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Machines

Cathy Gutierrez

in Plato's Ghost: Spiritualism in the American Renaissance

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195388350
eISBN:
9780199866472
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388350.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Spiritualists believed that science would reveal the truths of their metaphysical claims and embraced medical and technological progress on all fronts. Spiritualist ritual was predicated on the ... More


On the Early Work of William Thomson: Mathematical Physics and Methodology in the 1840s

I. Grattan-Guinness

in Kelvin: Life, Labours and Legacy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199231256
eISBN:
9780191710803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231256.003.0003
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter reviews the early works of William Thomson. Thomson began to publish exceptionally early, in 1841, while still in his late teens; and a steady stream of papers came from him thereafter. ... More


Loyola's Bees: Ideology and Industry in Jesuit Latin Didactic Poetry

Yasmin Haskell

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197262849
eISBN:
9780191734588
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197262849.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, 17th-century and Restoration Literature

This is the first dedicated study of the classical-style, Latin didactic poetry produced by the Society of Jesus in the early modern period. The Jesuits were the most prolific composers of such ... More


Magnetic Systems

Daniel L. Stein and Charles M. Newman

in Spin Glasses and Complexity

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147338
eISBN:
9781400845637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147338.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

The chapter explains that up to this point the discussion has centered on some basic concepts of condensed matter physics as viewed through the illustrative lenses of familiar systems: liquids, ... More


East Meets Black: Asian and Black Masculinities in the Post-Civil Rights Era

Chong Chon-Smith

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781628462050
eISBN:
9781626745292
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781628462050.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This book provides an understanding of the inspiring, contradictory, hostile, resonant, and unarticulated ways in which Asian American and African American cultural formation occurs. Through the ... More


Sensations That Pull into the Lower Parts of the Body

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0071
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter provides detailed information on scientist, Franz Anton Mesmer (1734–1815), who had an extreme aversion to demons and spirits. He clearly denounced exorcism and looked for healing powers ... More


Introduction: Racial Magnetism in Post–Civil Rights America

Chong Chon-Smith

in East Meets Black: Asian and Black Masculinities in the Post-Civil Rights Era

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781628462050
eISBN:
9781626745292
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781628462050.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This introduction argues that the state, popular journalism, and university responded to economic and racial crises through pairing Asian and Black masculinity as oppositional humans, a structural ... More


Atomic and Laser Spectroscopy

Alan Corney

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199211456
eISBN:
9780191705915
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211456.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This book gives an account of the progress that has been made in the fields of atomic physics and laser spectroscopy during the last fifty years. The first five chapters prepare the foundations of ... More


Molecular Nanomagnets

Dante Gatteschi, Roberta Sessoli, and Jacques Villain

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567530
eISBN:
9780191718298
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567530.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Nanomagnetism is a rapidly expanding area of research in nanoscience, opening perspectives of novel applications. Magnetic molecules are at the very bottom of the possible size of nanomagnets, and ... More


Two more giants

Louis A. Girifalco

in The Universal Force: Gravity - Creator of Worlds

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199228966
eISBN:
9780191711183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228966.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

The great achievements of the 19th century were the discovery of the laws of electricity and magnetism, and of the nature of light. Faraday was the greatest experimentalist of his age and provided ... More


Chronology of Science and Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley

Mary Shelley

David H. Guston, Ed Finn, Jason Scott Robert, Joey Eschrich, and Mary Drago (eds)

in Frankenstein: Annotated for Scientists, Engineers, and Creators of All Kinds

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262533287
eISBN:
9780262340267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262533287.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

The editors provide a brief chronology of important dates in the history of science in the context of Mary Shelley’s life and important aspects of the novel.


Fundamentals and Applications of Magnetic Materials

Kannan M. Krishnan

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780199570447
eISBN:
9780191813504
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570447.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This book provides a comprehensive discussion of magnetism, magnetic materials, and related applications. The logical train of thought progresses, in four parts, from physics of magnetism (§1–5), ... More


INTRODUCTION

Dante Gatteschi, Roberta Sessoli, and Jacques Villain

in Molecular Nanomagnets

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567530
eISBN:
9780191718298
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567530.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter introduces the field of molecular magnetism with a brief overview of the main properties. It takes a historical point of view. Concepts such as magnetic anisotropy, superparamagnetism, ... More


Taking Charge

Michael Munowitz

in Knowing: The Nature of Physical Law

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195167375
eISBN:
9780199787104
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195167375.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter considers the other great domain of classical physics, the macroscopic and deterministic world of electric charge. Here, the four Maxwell equations unite electricity with magnetism and ... More


Mental Energies, Ancient and Modern

John Beer

in Coleridge's Play of Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199574018
eISBN:
9780191723100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574018.003.0013
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

The new acceptance of animal magnetism in Germany renews his interest in its possible implication for those who, like himself, are apologists for the Christian religion. He studies and lectures on ... More


Selected Topics and Applications

Stephen C. Rand

in Lectures on Light: Nonlinear and Quantum Optics using the Density Matrix

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199574872
eISBN:
9780191722219
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574872.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Mechanical effects of light are considered in the first section of Chapter 7, together with their application to “optical tweezers.” This leads naturally to a discussion of laser cooling by a variety ... More


Credulity: A Cultural History of US Mesmerism

Emily Ogden

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226532165
eISBN:
9780226532479
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226532479.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, American, 19th Century Literature

This book offers a history of mesmerism, or animal magnetism, in the antebellum (pre-Civil War) United States. Imported from the plantations of the French Antilles by founder Charles Poyen, ... More


Le Globe and the Intervention of History

Tony James

in Dream, Creativity, and Madness in Nineteenth-Century France

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198151883
eISBN:
9780191672873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198151883.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature, European Literature

This chapter focuses on Alexandre Bertrand. Bertrand, trained as a doctor and engineer, had a practical and scientific attitude towards the study of mesmerism and somnambulism, even so he did not ... More


‘The Phenomena of Sleep’: Balzac and Nodier

Tony James

in Dream, Creativity, and Madness in Nineteenth-Century France

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198151883
eISBN:
9780191672873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198151883.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature, European Literature

The word ‘extase’ is linked with ‘phenomena of sleep’ for two other writers who use this phrase: Charles Nodier and Honore de Balzac. In 1831, Nodier published an article entitled ‘De quelques ... More


A Vital Matter: Light and Life

Theresa Levitt

in The Shadow of Enlightenment: Optical and Political Transparency in France 1789-1848

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199544707
eISBN:
9780191720178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544707.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter looks at the question of light and living bodies. Arago once again fashioned himself as a debunker, questioning the claims of the rising spiritualist movement that there exist previously ... More


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