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Delivering Justice in Qing China: Civil Trials in the Magistrate's Court

Linxia Liang

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263990
eISBN:
9780191734373
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263990.001.0001
Subject:
History, World Modern History

Traditional Chinese law, including Qing law, was often criticized as being inapplicable in civil trials, and it was often believed that the magistrate's court preferred mediation rather than ... More


 Building a New Church

Amy Nelson Burnett

in Teaching the Reformation: Ministers and Their Message in Basel, 1529-1629

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195305760
eISBN:
9780199784912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305760.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

The leaders of Basel’s Protestant church had to work out a new relationship with the city’s magistrate, recruit new pastors to assist and eventually replace them, and reform the university’s ... More


Pastoral Care

David Albert Jones

in The Clerical Profession in the Long Eighteenth Century, 1680-1840

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199213009
eISBN:
9780191707179
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213009.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Church History

This chapter examines the role of the clergy in pastoral care in their parishes. It considers the expectations of the Church's Canons and the bishops. It considers the evidence for parochial ... More


Cities of Commerce: The Institutional Foundations of International Trade in the Low Countries, 1250-1650

Oscar Gelderblom

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691142883
eISBN:
9781400848591
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691142883.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This book develops a model of institutional change in European commerce based on urban competition. Cities continuously competed with each other by adapting commercial, legal, and fin ancial ... More


Litigation in Roman Law

Ernest Metzger

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198298557
eISBN:
9780191707520
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198298557.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law

Modern accounts of how lawsuits were filed in Rome during the classical period tend to show that the opponents were willingly working together under the guidance of a magistrate, until their case was ... More


Making a business of time

Katherine Clarke

in Making Time for the Past: Local History and the Polis

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199291083
eISBN:
9780191710582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291083.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter focuses on chronography, that is, the scholarly field which concerns the organization and articulation of time. It examines the extant fragments of the ancient chronographic tradition, ... More


Walking in the Way of Peace: Quaker Pacifism in the Seventeenth Century

Meredith Baldwin Weddle

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195131383
eISBN:
9780199834839
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019513138X.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

“All bloody principles and practices we do utterly deny” – so pronounced a small band of the first English Quakers in 1660, renouncing wars, fighting, and weapons and enunciating principles of peace ... More


Commercial Cities

Oscar Gelderblom

in Cities of Commerce: The Institutional Foundations of International Trade in the Low Countries, 1250-1650

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691142883
eISBN:
9781400848591
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691142883.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter examines how the competition between neighboring ports led Bruges, Antwerp, and Amsterdam to adapt institutional arrangements to the needs of international traders. It considers how ... More


The Organization of Exchange

Oscar Gelderblom

in Cities of Commerce: The Institutional Foundations of International Trade in the Low Countries, 1250-1650

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691142883
eISBN:
9781400848591
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691142883.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter focuses on the creation of spot markets as a means for foreign traders in Bruges, Antwerp, and Amsterdam to find buyers or sellers and negotiate deals with them. It first considers how ... More


Crossing Borders

Oscar Gelderblom

in Cities of Commerce: The Institutional Foundations of International Trade in the Low Countries, 1250-1650

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691142883
eISBN:
9781400848591
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691142883.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter examines the role played by local magistrates in the governance of cross-border trade in Bruges, Antwerp, and Amsterdam. To organize cross-border transactions, international traders ... More


Conflict Resolution

Oscar Gelderblom

in Cities of Commerce: The Institutional Foundations of International Trade in the Low Countries, 1250-1650

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691142883
eISBN:
9781400848591
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691142883.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter examines the various ways in which merchants dealt with actual disputes over business transactions. Drawing on the available evidence on commercial litigation in Bruges, Antwerp, and ... More


SUPPLICATION, REPUBLIC, AND PRINCIPATE

F. S. Naiden

in Ancient Supplication

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195183412
eISBN:
9780199789399
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183412.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Religions

This chapter shows how the Romans devise a more complex relation between supplication and the law, notably in court. Here again, supplication molds itself both to the political system and to moral ... More


The Judiciary

Patrick Polden

in The Oxford History of the Laws of England: Volume XI: 1820–1914 English Legal System

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199258819
eISBN:
9780191718151
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199258819.003.0030
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter on the judiciary in the 19th century begins with a discussion of the judges of the superior courts. It then discusses county court judges and stipendiary magistrates.


“To Looke to Our Selefs”: Ascribing Motives to a Quaker Government in Wartime

Meredith Baldwin Weddle

in Walking in the Way of Peace: Quaker Pacifism in the Seventeenth Century

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195131383
eISBN:
9780199834839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019513138X.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

The Rhode Island Colony was militarily active in King Philip's War, although the level of the central government's involvement was different from that of its neighboring colonies. It did not, for ... More


“Witnesses to the Life of Innocency”: A Testimony from Rhode Island Quakers

Meredith Baldwin Weddle

in Walking in the Way of Peace: Quaker Pacifism in the Seventeenth Century

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195131383
eISBN:
9780199834839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019513138X.003.0013
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Some Rhode Island Quakers issued a “testimony” during the war elucidating the peace testimony and criticizing their brethren in government. The testimony stressed that peace was the fruit of ... More


Holland as a Body Politic, II: Seeds of Discord

James D. Tracy

in The Founding of the Dutch Republic: War, Finance, and Politics in Holland, 1572-1588

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199209118
eISBN:
9780191706134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199209118.003.0010
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

Holland's Baltic trade flourished as never before, and skilled immigrants helped revive local industries. But prosperity raised a political issue: should Holland trade with provinces loyal to Spain? ... More


Holland's Pyramid of Credit

James D. Tracy

in The Founding of the Dutch Republic: War, Finance, and Politics in Holland, 1572-1588

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199209118
eISBN:
9780191706134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199209118.003.0012
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

As Holland's “common means” became the chief revenue of the confederate provinces, the Lords States managed to fend off efforts, by Orange and then by Leicester, to impose centralized control on ... More


Cities Divided: Politics and Religion in English Provincial Towns 1660-1722

John Miller

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199288397
eISBN:
9780191710902
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199288397.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

In this period party conflict, exacerbated by religious divisions, became a normal part of English life. It affected elections, parliamentary and municipal, and distorted civic celebrations, which ... More


Moulding Instruments of Reform: Men and Machinery

Bernard Capp

in England's Culture Wars: Puritan Reformation and its Enemies in the Interregnum, 1649-1660

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199641789
eISBN:
9780191744228
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199641789.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This chapter explores the new regime's efforts to mould the instruments needed to implement reformation measures. The first challenge was to assert its authority over resentful local magistrates, ... More


Litigation and Late Roman Judges

Caroline Humfress

in Orthodoxy and the Courts in Late Antiquity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198208419
eISBN:
9780191716966
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208419.003.003
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter begins with a discussion of the court system in the late Roman Empire. It then discusses lower-level judicial hearings and their interaction with the higher courts, training for ... More


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