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Delivering Justice in Qing China: Civil Trials in the Magistrate's Court

Linxia Liang

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263990
eISBN:
9780191734373
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263990.001.0001
Subject:
History, World Modern History

Traditional Chinese law, including Qing law, was often criticized as being inapplicable in civil trials, and it was often believed that the magistrate's court preferred mediation rather than ... More


 Building a New Church

Amy Nelson Burnett

in Teaching the Reformation: Ministers and Their Message in Basel, 1529-1629

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195305760
eISBN:
9780199784912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305760.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

The leaders of Basel’s Protestant church had to work out a new relationship with the city’s magistrate, recruit new pastors to assist and eventually replace them, and reform the university’s ... More


Pastoral Care

David Albert Jones

in The Clerical Profession in the Long Eighteenth Century, 1680-1840

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199213009
eISBN:
9780191707179
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213009.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Church History

This chapter examines the role of the clergy in pastoral care in their parishes. It considers the expectations of the Church's Canons and the bishops. It considers the evidence for parochial ... More


Cities of Commerce: The Institutional Foundations of International Trade in the Low Countries, 1250-1650

Oscar Gelderblom

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691142883
eISBN:
9781400848591
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691142883.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This book develops a model of institutional change in European commerce based on urban competition. Cities continuously competed with each other by adapting commercial, legal, and fin ancial ... More


Litigation in Roman Law

Ernest Metzger

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198298557
eISBN:
9780191707520
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198298557.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law

Modern accounts of how lawsuits were filed in Rome during the classical period tend to show that the opponents were willingly working together under the guidance of a magistrate, until their case was ... More


Commercial Cities

Oscar Gelderblom

in Cities of Commerce: The Institutional Foundations of International Trade in the Low Countries, 1250-1650

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691142883
eISBN:
9781400848591
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691142883.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter examines how the competition between neighboring ports led Bruges, Antwerp, and Amsterdam to adapt institutional arrangements to the needs of international traders. It considers how ... More


The Organization of Exchange

Oscar Gelderblom

in Cities of Commerce: The Institutional Foundations of International Trade in the Low Countries, 1250-1650

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691142883
eISBN:
9781400848591
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691142883.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter focuses on the creation of spot markets as a means for foreign traders in Bruges, Antwerp, and Amsterdam to find buyers or sellers and negotiate deals with them. It first considers how ... More


Crossing Borders

Oscar Gelderblom

in Cities of Commerce: The Institutional Foundations of International Trade in the Low Countries, 1250-1650

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691142883
eISBN:
9781400848591
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691142883.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter examines the role played by local magistrates in the governance of cross-border trade in Bruges, Antwerp, and Amsterdam. To organize cross-border transactions, international traders ... More


Conflict Resolution

Oscar Gelderblom

in Cities of Commerce: The Institutional Foundations of International Trade in the Low Countries, 1250-1650

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691142883
eISBN:
9781400848591
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691142883.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter examines the various ways in which merchants dealt with actual disputes over business transactions. Drawing on the available evidence on commercial litigation in Bruges, Antwerp, and ... More


Making a business of time

Katherine Clarke

in Making Time for the Past: Local History and the Polis

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199291083
eISBN:
9780191710582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291083.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter focuses on chronography, that is, the scholarly field which concerns the organization and articulation of time. It examines the extant fragments of the ancient chronographic tradition, ... More


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