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Ecological Niches and Geographic Distributions (MPB-49)

A. Townsend Peterson, Jorge Soberón, Richard G. Pearson, Robert P. Anderson, Enrique Martínez-Meyer, Miguel Nakamura, and Miguel B. Araújo

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691136868
eISBN:
9781400840670
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691136868.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This book provides a first synthetic view of an emerging area of ecology and biogeography, linking individual- and population-level processes to geographic distributions and biodiversity patterns. ... More


Patterns among species: information

Charles W. Fowler

in Systemic Management: Sustainable Human Interactions with Ecosystems and the Biosphere

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199540969
eISBN:
9780191716249
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199540969.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Chapter 2 shows that: (1) ecosystems and the biosphere have structure and function seen in the limits to macroecological patterns, many of which have yet to be discovered and characterized, (2) ... More


Maximum Entropy and Ecology: A Theory of Abundance, Distribution, and Energetics

John Harte

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199593415
eISBN:
9780191774614
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199593415.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

A goal of every science is comprehensive theory that is predictive, realistic, and parsimonious. Is such theory possible in ecology? The sheer complexity, historical contingency, and scale-dependence ... More


Marine Macroecology

Jon D. Witman and Kaustuv Roy (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226904115
eISBN:
9780226904146
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226904146.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Pioneered in the late 1980s, the concept of macroecology—a framework for studying ecological communities with a focus on patterns and processes—revolutionized the field of ecology. Although this ... More


The Normalized Difference Vegetation Index

Nathalie Pettorelli

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199693160
eISBN:
9780191810145
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199693160.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

There has been a recent surge of interest in remote sensing and its use in ecology and conservation. This book focuses explicitly on the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), a simple ... More


The Avian Migrant: The Biology of Bird Migration

John Rappole

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231146784
eISBN:
9780231518635
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231146784.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The purpose of migration, regardless of the distance involved, is to exploit two or more environments suitable for survival or reproduction over time, usually on a seasonal basis. Yet individual ... More


Connections to other theories

John Harte

in Maximum Entropy and Ecology: A Theory of Abundance, Distribution, and Energetics

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199593415
eISBN:
9780191774614
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199593415.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

METE is situated within a constellation of other theories that also attempt to explain a range of patterns in macroecology. Some of these theories are also based on the maximum entropy principle; ... More


Future directions

John Harte

in Maximum Entropy and Ecology: A Theory of Abundance, Distribution, and Energetics

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199593415
eISBN:
9780191774614
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199593415.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

METE makes numerous predictions about patterns in macroecology, but it also leaves important questions unanswered. This chapter focuses on three of these: What can we infer about spatial correlations ... More


Evolution of Body Size in Bats

Kamran Safi, Shai Meiri, and Kate E. Jones

in Animal Body Size: Linking Pattern and Process across Space, Time, and Taxonomic Group

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226012148
eISBN:
9780226012285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226012285.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines the macroevolution and macroecology of bat body mass. Bat body mass extends from under 2 g to over 1 kg and shows a typical right-hand skew on a logarithmic scale. In common ... More


Macroecological Patterns of Body Size in Mammals across Time and Space

S. Kathleen Lyons and Felisa A. Smith

in Animal Body Size: Linking Pattern and Process across Space, Time, and Taxonomic Group

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226012148
eISBN:
9780226012285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226012285.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines the macroecological patterns of body size in mammals across space and time. It addresses the following questions: How similar are overall body size distributions across ... More


Contingent Evolution: Not by Chance Alone

Eric Desjardins

in Chance in Evolution

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226401744
eISBN:
9780226401911
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226401911.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This paper articulates a view of contingent evolution in terms of path dependence, a notion captured by the idea of dependence on past vagaries. As such, path dependence combines two forms of ... More


Plankton Populations and Communities

William K. W. Li

in Marine Macroecology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226904115
eISBN:
9780226904146
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226904146.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Patterns in ecology are not easily discerned. Some, such as the allometric scaling of abundance to body size, are clearly evident in the marine plankton. Others are not so obvious, but seem to emerge ... More


Patterns in Deep-Sea Macroecology

Craig R. Mcclain, Michael A. Rex, and Ron J. Etter

in Marine Macroecology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226904115
eISBN:
9780226904146
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226904146.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter presents the basic macroecological features of the deep-sea fauna, including geographic variation in standing stock, species diversity, species ranges, and body size. It also explores ... More


Temperature and Marine Macroecology

Andrew Clarke

in Marine Macroecology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226904115
eISBN:
9780226904146
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226904146.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Temperature is one of the most important physical factors affecting organisms. Temperature, typically combined with other environmental factors such as climate, has long been regarded as a key factor ... More


Macroecological Changes in Exploited Marine Systems

Derek P. Tittensor, Boris Worm, and Ransom A. Myers

in Marine Macroecology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226904115
eISBN:
9780226904146
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226904146.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

The oceans have been used as an important source of food and materials for much of human history and prehistory, and until relatively recently were viewed as inexhaustible. Fishing has an effect at ... More


Experimental Marine Macroecology: Progress and Prospects

Jon D. Witman and Kaustuv Roy

in Marine Macroecology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226904115
eISBN:
9780226904146
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226904146.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

The goal of macroecology is to gain insight into large scale ecological phenomena mainly through rigorous statistical analyses of information on species abundance, diversity, body size, and range ... More


Latitudinal Gradients in Species Interactions

Eric Sanford and Mark D. Bertness

in Marine Macroecology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226904115
eISBN:
9780226904146
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226904146.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Using small-scale field experiments, ecologists have demonstrated convincingly that species interactions often influence local community structure. Rigorously examining such large-scale processes, ... More


The Subtidal Ecology of Rocky Coasts: Local-regional- Biogeographic Patterns and Their Experimental Analysis

Sean D. Connell and Andrew D. Irving

in Marine Macroecology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226904115
eISBN:
9780226904146
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226904146.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

People are becoming increasingly aware that ecologists work on local patterns that are likely to represent the outcome of special and unique events incorporate variation from broad to local scales. ... More


Landscape ecology, biogeography, and GIS methods

Monika Böhm and Viorel D. Popescu

in Reptile Ecology and Conservation: A Handbook of Techniques

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780198726135
eISBN:
9780191825934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198726135.003.0022
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter introduces recent developments in the use of geographic information systems (GIS), landscape ecology, macroecology, and biogeography, and looks at important sources of data and ... More


Community assembly and succession

Cang Hui and David M. Richardson

in Invasion Dynamics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780198745334
eISBN:
9780191807046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198745334.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

Community ecology deals with the succession, coexistence, and diversity patterns of species at the assembly level. Community assembly rules are hypotheses, often supported by limited evidence, to ... More


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