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The ACE Simulator and the Cybernetic Model

Michael Woodger

in Alan Turing's Automatic Computing Engine: The Master Codebreaker's Struggle to build the Modern Computer

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198565932
eISBN:
9780191714016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565932.003.0016
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter discusses the ACE simulator and the Cybernetic Model. The ACE simulator was a demonstration machine built as an aid to the visualization of binary operations. Designed by D. W. Davies ... More


Steady The Buffs!: A Regiment, a Region, and the Great War

Mark Connelly

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199278602
eISBN:
9780191707056
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278602.001.0001
Subject:
History, Military History

This book fully revises standard regimental history by establishing the framework and background to the regiment's role in the Great War. It tests the current theories about the British Army in the ... More


Introduction

Pierluigi Frisco

in Computing with Cells: Advances in Membrane Computing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199542864
eISBN:
9780191715679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542864.003.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics, Mathematical Biology

This chapter gives a very brief introduction to computability emphasising concepts playing an important role here. The chapter describes how in the 1920s the interest of Alan Turing in describing in ... More


Factory Girls in an Agrarian Setting circa 1910

Jun Sasaki

in The Role of Tradition in Japan's Industrialization: Another Path to Industrialization

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780198292746
eISBN:
9780191603891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292740.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter looks into the working conditions in a rural weaving factory during the early 20th century. Based on the attendance books of workers, it is shown that the days and hours actually worked ... More


The Humble Origins of Modern Japan's Machine Industry

Jun Suzuki

in The Role of Tradition in Japan's Industrialization: Another Path to Industrialization

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780198292746
eISBN:
9780191603891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292740.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter discusses the importance of artisan workshops in the development of the machine manufacturing industry. Silk-reeling and coal mining, which played the significant role in Japan’s ... More


Introduction

B. Jack Copeland

in Alan Turing's Automatic Computing Engine: The Master Codebreaker's Struggle to build the Modern Computer

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198565932
eISBN:
9780191714016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565932.003.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This introductory chapter discusses the development of Alan Turing's ‘universal computing machine’, better known as the universal Turing Machine. The earliest large-scale electronic digital ... More


Turing and the computer

B. Jack Copeland and Diane Proudfoot

in Alan Turing's Automatic Computing Engine: The Master Codebreaker's Struggle to build the Modern Computer

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198565932
eISBN:
9780191714016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565932.003.0006
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter discusses Turing's contributions to the field of computing. Topics covered include the Turing machine, cryptanalytic machines, the ACE and the EDVAC, the Manchester computer, artificial ... More


About the Book and Supporting Material

Željko Ivezi, Andrew J. Connolly, Jacob T. VanderPlas, Alexander Gray, Željko Ivezi, Andrew J. Connolly, Jacob T. VanderPlas, and Alexander Gray

in Statistics, Data Mining, and Machine Learning in Astronomy: A Practical Python Guide for the Analysis of Survey Data

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151687
eISBN:
9781400848911
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151687.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter begins by discussing the meaning of data mining, machine learning, and knowledge discovery. Data mining, machine learning, and knowledge discovery refer to research areas which can all ... More


Fast Computation on Massive Data Sets

Željko Ivezi, Andrew J. Connolly, Jacob T. VanderPlas, Alexander Gray, Željko Ivezi, Andrew J. Connolly, Jacob T. VanderPlas, and Alexander Gray

in Statistics, Data Mining, and Machine Learning in Astronomy: A Practical Python Guide for the Analysis of Survey Data

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151687
eISBN:
9781400848911
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151687.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter describes basic concepts and tools for tractably performing the computations described in the rest of this book. The need for fast algorithms for such analysis subroutines is becoming ... More


Classification

Andrew J. Connolly, Jacob T. VanderPlas, Alexander Gray, Andrew J. Connolly, Jacob T. VanderPlas, and Alexander Gray

in Statistics, Data Mining, and Machine Learning in Astronomy: A Practical Python Guide for the Analysis of Survey Data

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151687
eISBN:
9781400848911
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151687.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Chapter 6 described techniques for estimating joint probability distributions from multivariate data sets and for identifying the inherent clustering within the properties of sources. This approach ... More


Structure of Crystal, Bucket of Dust

Peter Galison

in Circles Disturbed: The Interplay of Mathematics and Narrative

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149042
eISBN:
9781400842681
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149042.003.0002
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter advances the idea that every mathematical argument tells a story by focusing on the biographies of two pioneers: American physicist John Archibald Wheeler and the Bourbaki collective of ... More


The heat treatment of invar

Robert James Matthys

in Accurate Clock Pendulums

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198529712
eISBN:
9780191712791
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529712.003.0022
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Even though invar is the most common material used for the pendulum rod in a good clock, it is still a poor material for the purpose because of its relatively poor dimensional stability over time ... More


The instability of invar

Robert James Matthys

in Accurate Clock Pendulums

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198529712
eISBN:
9780191712791
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529712.003.0023
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Almost since its invention in 1896, invar has been known to be a dimensionally unstable pendulum rod material. A few articles have been published over the years, trying to address the dimensional ... More


Systems Integration and the Social Solution of Technical Problems in Complex Systems

Stephen. B Johnson

in The Business of Systems Integration

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199263233
eISBN:
9780191718847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199263233.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy

As has been shown in books such as Charles Perrow's Normal Accidents, it is difficult to build reliable complex technologies. The primary reasons revolve around the communication of deep and ... More


Cultures in Motion

Daniel T. Rodgers, Bhavani Raman, and Helmut Reimitz (eds)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159096
eISBN:
9781400849895
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159096.001.0001
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This book offers new conceptual vocabularies for understanding how cultures have trespassed across geography and social space. From the transformations of the meanings and practices of charity during ... More


Uses of Computing in the Banking Industry

James W. Cortada

in The Digital Hand: Volume II: How Computers Changed the Work of American Financial, Telecommunications, Media, and Entertainment Industries

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195165876
eISBN:
9780199789689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165876.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter describes the applications of information technologies in the banking industry over the past half century, and how these changed the nature of this industry's work, structure, and ... More


Reconsidering Organizations as Cultures of Integrity

George Cheney, Daniel J. Lair, Dean Ritz, and Brenden E. Kendall

in Just a Job?: Communication, Ethics, and Professional Life

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195182774
eISBN:
9780199871001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182774.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability

This chapter focuses on the modern organization as a unit of life experience that is taken for granted yet little understood, showing how organizational culture shapes and sustains integrity (or ... More


Moral Machines: Teaching Robots Right from Wrong

Wendell Wallach and Colin Allen

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195374049
eISBN:
9780199871889
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374049.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The human‐built environment is increasingly being populated by artificial agents that, through artificial intelligence (AI), are capable of acting autonomously. The software controlling these ... More


Epilogue: Let’s Educate

Oliver G. Selfridge

in In Order to Learn: How the sequence of topics influences learning

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195178845
eISBN:
9780199893751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178845.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter contends that there is much we can learn about the education of people by studying learning in machines. Indeed, machine learning (ML) is an important major part of artificial ... More


“Private” Reform Ideas: Possible Market Solutions

Margaret Jane Radin

in Boilerplate: The Fine Print, Vanishing Rights, and the Rule of Law

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155333
eISBN:
9781400844838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155333.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

This chapter considers “private” reform ideas or market solutions for improving the normative and democratic acceptability of boilerplate terms. It begins with a discussion of one potentially ... More


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