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Cancer of the Lung

MARGARET R. SPITZ, XIFENG WU, ANNA WILKINSON, and QINGYI WEI

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195149616
eISBN:
9780199865062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149616.003.0033
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter provides an update on the epidemiology of lung cancer with an emphasis on the rapidly expanding literature exploring host susceptibility to tobacco carcinogenesis. It also reviews ... More


Smoking and lung cancer

Graham G. Giles and Peter Boyle

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0027
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The establishment of the causal link between smoking and lung cancer was an epidemiological triumph won against considerable resistance marshalled by the tobacco industry. This chapter reviews how ... More


Air Pollution

JONATHAN M. SAMET and AARON J. COHEN

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195149616
eISBN:
9780199865062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149616.003.0019
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter provides an overview of the evidence on the connections between outdoor and indoor air pollution and lung cancer, as well as other types of malignancy. The evidence on air pollution and ... More


Vitamin A and Lung Cancer

Walter Willett

in Nutritional Epidemiology

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195122978
eISBN:
9780199864249
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195122978.003.15
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews studies on the link between vitamin A and lung cancer. These include prospective studies, case-control studies, studies of blood vitamin A levels and risk of lung cancer, nested ... More


Lung Cancer

Michael J. Thun, S. Jane Henley, and William D. Travis

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780190238667
eISBN:
9780190238698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190238667.003.0028
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

Lung cancer is the most common cancer worldwide, ranking first in men and third in women for new cases and first in both sexes for deaths. Dynamic global patterns in incidence predominantly reflect ... More


Public Health in the 1950s: The Watershed of Smoking and Lung Cancer

Virginia Berridge

in Marketing Health: Smoking and the Discourse of Public Health in Britain, 1945-2000

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199260300
eISBN:
9780191717376
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199260300.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter discusses the smoking and lung cancer within the context of public health in the 1950s. It argues that smoking was the exemplar of what came to be the main style of post-war public ... More


Assessment and management of respiratory symptoms of malignant disease

Jennifer Chard, Peter Hoskin, and Sam H. Ahmedzai

in Supportive Care in Respiratory Disease

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199591763
eISBN:
9780191739149
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591763.003.0020
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

Supportive care is a major component in the management of malignant diseases that affect the respiratory system. It should be included in the overall management plan for the patient from the very ... More


Dyspnoea in Advanced Disease: A guide to clinical management

Sara Booth and Deborah Dudgeon (eds)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198530039
eISBN:
9780191730450
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530039.001.0001
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

Dyspnoea (breathlessness) is an uncomfortable awareness of breathing that occurs in approximately 30–75% of terminal cancer patients. It is one of the most distressing symptoms for both patients and ... More


Cancer of the Lung, Larynx, and Pleura

Jyoti Malhotra, Paolo Boffetta, and Lorelei Mucci

in Textbook of Cancer Epidemiology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780190676827
eISBN:
9780190676858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190676827.003.0014
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

Lung cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer among men in most countries, and is the primary cause of cancer death in men and women. Its epidemic increase in incidence began in the first half of ... More


Vitamin A and Lung Cancer

Walter Willett and Graham Colditz

in Nutritional Epidemiology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199754038
eISBN:
9780199979448
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199754038.003.0017
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

Vitamin A has long been recognized to play a central physiologic role in the regulation of cell differentiation. Because loss of differentiation is a basic feature of malignancy, vitamin A may be ... More


Coronary heart disease mortality attributable to smoking: global and regional estimates for 2000

M. Ezzati and A. D. Lopez

in Coronary Heart Disease Epidemiology: From aetiology to public health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198525738
eISBN:
9780191724114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525738.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter employs the indirect smoking impact ratio method (Peto et al. 1992), which uses absolute lung cancer mortality in a population as a marker for accumulated hazards of smoking, to estimate ... More


The First Surgeon General’s Report on Tobacco: Science and the State in the New Age of Chronic Disease

Allan M. Brandt

in Silent Victories: The History and Practice of Public Health in Twentieth Century America

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195150698
eISBN:
9780199865185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195150698.003.21
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The Surgeon General's Report of 1964 marks a watershed in the history of public health. Following its publication, both the science and the practice of public health were visibly transformed. This ... More


Irreversible Discrete Disease Processes: Silica and Lung Cancer

Thomas J. Smith and David Kriebel

in A Biologic Approach to Environmental Assessment and Epidemiology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195141566
eISBN:
9780199872145
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195141566.003.0015
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The introduction to discrete irreversible processes in Chapter 13 noted that there are two important examples of groups of diseases that follow this pattern: immune sensitization and carcinogenesis. ... More


The hazards of smoking and the benefits of stopping: cancer mortality and overall mortality *

Boyle Peter, Gray Nigel, Henningfield Jack, Seffrin John, and Zatoński Witold A.

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0015
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the effects of smoking cessation on lung cancer mortality and on all-cause mortality in Europe and North America, under-estimation of eventual hazards of smoking and benefits ... More


Tobacco smoking and tobacco-related harm in the European Union with special attention to the new EU member states

Witold A. Zatónski and Marta Mónczuk

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter assesses the role of tobacco smoking as a cause of premature mortality in Europe, and its contribution to the health gap between the EU10 and EU15 countries, using several complementary ... More


Cause and Cancer Epidemiology

STEVEN N. GOODMAN and JONATHAN M. SAMET

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195149616
eISBN:
9780199865062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149616.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter provides an overview of causal inference, focusing on the interpretation of epidemiologic data on cancer risk. It begins with an introduction to the centuries-old discussion on cause and ... More


The evaluation of public health education initiatives on smoking and lung cancer: an ethical critique

Peter Allmark, Angela Tod, and Jo Abbott

in Public health ethics and practice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847421029
eISBN:
9781447303114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847421029.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter examines the ways in which public health information is communicated to the public and evaluates public health educational initiatives. It argues that the information concerning the ... More


Lung cancer and mesothelioma

Peter Hoskin and Wendy Makin

in Oncology for Palliative Medicine

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192628114
eISBN:
9780191730115
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192628114.003.0007
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter focuses on lung cancer or the carcinoma of the bronchial tree, which is often associated with smoking and mesothelioma, or the malignancy arising from the pleural or peritoneal surfaces ... More


Epidemiology and Risk Assessment

Graham W. Gibbs and Geoffrey Berry

in Asbestos and Its Diseases

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195178692
eISBN:
9780199864591
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178692.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter considers the magnitudes of risk for the development of asbestosis, malignant mesothelioma (MM), and lung cancer (LC) resulting from exposure to different airborne concentrations of ... More


Thank You for Not Smoking: The Public Health Response to Tobacco-Related Mortality in the United States

Michael P. Eriksen, Lawrence W. Green, Corinne G. Husten, Linda L. Pederson, and Terry F. Pechacek

in Silent Victories: The History and Practice of Public Health in Twentieth Century America

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195150698
eISBN:
9780199865185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195150698.003.20
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Given the broad acceptance of the cigarette in society, the dramatic reduction in smoking over the 20th century is an extraordinary achievement. During the last third of the century, smoking rates ... More


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