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Calendars in Antiquity: Empires, States, and Societies

Sacha Stern

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199589449
eISBN:
9780191746178
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589449.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

This book offers a study of the calendars of ancient Mesopotamia, Egypt, Persia, Greece, Rome, Gaul, and all other parts of the Mediterranean and the Near East, from the origins up to and including ... More


The Story of Saṃkarṣaṇa’s and Kṛṣṇa’s Births: A Drama Involving Embryos

André Couture

in Imagining the Fetus: The Unborn in Myth, Religion, and Culture

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195380040
eISBN:
9780199869077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380040.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society, World Religions

The Harivaṃśa (a long supplement to the Mahābhārata) contains the well-known Hindu story of the births of Saṃkarṣaṇa and Kṛṣṇa, which involves the killing of six fetuses, the miscarriage of a ... More


Life on the Moon

George Basalla

in Civilized Life in the Universe: Scientists on Intelligent Extraterrestrials

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195171815
eISBN:
9780199786862
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171815.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Life on the Moon — an old notion — was revived by the astronomical work of Nicolaus Copernicus in the 16th century and the invention of the optical telescope in the early 17th century. Galileo ... More


Time-reckoning

Romila Thapar

in Time as a Metaphor of History: Early India: The Krishna Bharadwaj Memorial Lecture

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195637984
eISBN:
9780199081912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195637984.003.0002
Subject:
History, Indian History

This chapter discusses different ideas about time in early India. It discusses how cyclical theories of time arise from the observance of rhythm based on the sequences in relation to the sun and the ... More


Solar and Lunar Calendars

Sacha Stern

in Calendar and Community: A History of the Jewish Calendar, 2nd Century BCE to 10th Century CE

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198270348
eISBN:
9780191600753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198270348.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Ancient sources including the books of Enoch and Jubilees, Qumran and related literature, Philo, Josephus, Graeco‐Roman, and early Christian sources, reveal that a variety of solar and lunar ... More


The medicine of warm climates

Mark Harrison

in Medicine in an age of Commerce and Empire: Britain and its Tropical Colonies 1660-1830

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199577736
eISBN:
9780191595196
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577736.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

In the mid‐eighteenth century, a distinct body of medical knowledge began to form relating to the diseases of warm climates. Writers on the East and West Indies began to refer to each other's work ... More


Unification and the Moon‐Test: Critical Assessment

William L. Harper

in Isaac Newton's Scientific Method: Turning Data into Evidence about Gravity and Cosmology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199570409
eISBN:
9780191728679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570409.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Part I argues that the precision of Newton’s moon-test calculation goes beyond what modern least squares assessment can support from his cited data and that his data afford no support for his ... More


Calendars of Ancient Greece

Sacha Stern

in Calendars in Antiquity: Empires, States, and Societies

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199589449
eISBN:
9780191746178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589449.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter examines the calendars of the Greek peninsula, Ionia, and the Greek islands, with a focus on the city of Athens. Greek calendars were very diverse and fragmented, reflecting the ... More


The Babylonian Calendar

Sacha Stern

in Calendars in Antiquity: Empires, States, and Societies

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199589449
eISBN:
9780191746178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589449.003.0003
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter deals with the standard Babylonian calendar that was adopted, in the late second millennium bce, as the official calendar of the empires that ruled the Near East from then until late ... More


The Egyptian Calendar

Sacha Stern

in Calendars in Antiquity: Empires, States, and Societies

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199589449
eISBN:
9780191746178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589449.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter deals mainly with the Egyptian civil calendar, a fixed scheme of 365 days. Questions arise about its ancient origins, its gradual drift from the sun and seasons (e.g., whether it was ... More


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