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Reward in Public Service Bargains: Pyramids, Noblesse Oblige, Turkey Races, and Lotteries of Life

Christopher Hood and Martin Lodge

in The Politics of Public Service Bargains: Reward, Competency, Loyalty - and Blame

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199269679
eISBN:
9780191604096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019926967X.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter explores the reward dimension of public service bargains. It analyzes different forms and aspects of reward and then explores four specific types of reward bargains: pyramids and ... More


A Global Lottery and a Global Premium Bond

Tony Addison and Abdur R. Chowdhury

in New Sources of Development Finance

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199278558
eISBN:
9780191601590
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199278555.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Proposals are evaluated, from both an economic and an ethical viewpoint, for development funding through a global lottery, along with a complement to this: a global premium bond (a loan instrument in ... More


Knowledge and Lotteries

John Hawthorne

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199269556
eISBN:
9780191601736
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199269556.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book is organised around an epistemological puzzle, which consists of a tension between various ordinary claims to know and our apparent incapacity to know whether or not someone will lose a ... More


Natural Talents, Luck, and the Market

Christopher Lake

in Equality and Responsibility

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199241743
eISBN:
9780191599743
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241740.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Ch. 6 looks at the position adopted by contemporary egalitarians on the moral status of natural talents—a position that draws much of its force from Rawls's claims about the arbitrariness of their ... More


Lotteries and multiple premises: the pull towards certainty. Knowledge and natural laws

Edward Craig

in Knowledge and the State of Nature: An Essay in Conceptual Synthesis

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198238799
eISBN:
9780191597237
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198238797.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Objectivization forces the requirement of a high likelihood that an informant will be right if she is to be classified as a good one, but this does not, argues Craig, equal 1, for that figure has ... More


Lucky Knowledge

Richard Foley

in When Is True Belief Knowledge?

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154725
eISBN:
9781400842308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154725.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter introduces the concept of luck in these lottery stories. To the degree there is an impression that luck is incompatible with knowledge, it arises because in everyday situations when one ... More


The Photographic City: A City Heading in the Opposite Direction

MAGALI TERCERO

in Mexico City through History and Culture

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264461
eISBN:
9780191734625
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264461.003.0008
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

This chapter presents powerful images and accounts that chronicle contemporary urban life in Mexico. The images discussed were captured by the photographer Maya Goded. These photographs and ... More


 Taking Chances

Ken Binmore

in Playing for Real: Game Theory

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195300574
eISBN:
9780199783748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300574.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter shows how risk can be introduced into the rules of a game by admitting chance moves. The Monty Hall problem is offered as an example. Elementary probability theory is reviewed, and ... More


Reverse Lottery Stories

Richard Foley

in When Is True Belief Knowledge?

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154725
eISBN:
9781400842308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154725.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines reverse lottery stories, which focus on the fortunate holder of the winning lottery ticket. It searches for the important gaps in the information of the subject S as she ... More


Gambling in Canton: Myth and Reality of a Calamity

Virgil K.Y. Ho

in Understanding Canton: Rethinking Popular Culture in the Republican Period

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199282715
eISBN:
9780191603037
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199282714.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Each successive political regime in Canton criticized its predecessor for legalizing gambling, and hence ‘poisoning’ its people with a long list of gaming-related social problems. In official ... More


The Commons and Fair Division

ROBERT V. DODGE

in Schelling's Game Theory: How to Make Decisions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199857203
eISBN:
9780199932597
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199857203.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter looks at self-interest and group welfare in society. It introduces Schelling's view of a social contract to restrict self-interest from overcoming the general good, which is followed by ... More


New Sources of Development Finance

A. B. Atkinson (ed.)

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199278558
eISBN:
9780191601590
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199278555.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

As their Millennium Development Goals, world leaders have pledged by 2015 to halve the number of people living in extreme poverty and hunger, to achieve universal primary education, to reduce child ... More


Belief and Conjunction

Simon J. Evnine

in Epistemic Dimensions of Personhood

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199239948
eISBN:
9780191716898
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239948.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

It is argued that it is both rational for persons to believe the conjunctions of their beliefs and that they must do so to a large extent. Arguments against the rationality claim stemming from the ... More


First Mechanism of Democratic Reason: Inclusive Deliberation

Hélène Landemore

in Democratic Reason: Politics, Collective Intelligence, and the Rule of the Many

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155654
eISBN:
9781400845538
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155654.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter stresses that deliberation is best designed for problem solving, in which cognitive diversity turns out to be more crucial than individual ability. Because deliberation allows the ... More


Commercial Loans and Lotteries

John McManners

in Church and Society in Eighteenth-Century France Volume 2: The Religion of the People and the Politics of Religion

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198270041
eISBN:
9780191600692
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198270046.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Church History

The question of loans for interest or ‘usury’ was much debated by eighteenth‐century churchmen, with the traditional ban being upheld in theory. But the legitimacy of reward for risk was accepted ... More


Random Justice: On Lotteries and Legal Decision-Making

Neil Duxbury

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198268253
eISBN:
9780191683466
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198268253.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

Chance inevitably plays a role in law but it is not often that we consciously try to import an element of randomness into a legal process. This book explores the potential for the use of lotteries in ... More


The Lottery and Preface

Richard Foley

in When Is True Belief Knowledge?

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154725
eISBN:
9781400842308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154725.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter compares and contrasts lottery and preface cases. It first demonstrates some illustrative examples of both cases and then showcases their similarities. In the lottery example, the ... More


The Luck of the Draw: The Role of Lotteries in Decision Making

Peter Stone

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199756100
eISBN:
9780199895120
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199756100.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

From the earliest times, people have used lotteries to make decisions—by drawing straws, tossing coins, picking names out of hats, and so on. (This practice is sometimes known as sortition, or ... More


Why Lotteries?

Peter Stone

in The Luck of the Draw: The Role of Lotteries in Decision Making

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199756100
eISBN:
9780199895120
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199756100.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The chapter begins by considering an electoral tie broken by lottery. It proceeds to show that lotteries are often used to break electoral ties, and to make many other decisions as well. Many of ... More


What Do Lotteries Do?

Peter Stone

in The Luck of the Draw: The Role of Lotteries in Decision Making

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199756100
eISBN:
9780199895120
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199756100.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter defines a lottery as a process capable of generating a set of outcomes in which the particular outcome to be expected whenever the process occurs is unpredictable given available ... More


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