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Active Vision: The Psychology of Looking and Seeing

John M Findlay and Iain D Gilchrist

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198524793
eISBN:
9780191711817
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524793.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

More than one third of the human brain is devoted to the processes of seeing — vision is after all the main way in which we gather information about the world. But human vision is a dynamic process ... More


Why Worry about Historic Injustice?

Daniel Butt

in Rectifying International Injustice: Principles of Compensation and Restitution Between Nations

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199218240
eISBN:
9780191711589
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199218240.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, International Relations and Politics

This chapter outlines a number of critical responses to the project of seeking to rectify historic injustice, and explains why they largely do not apply to international libertarian accounts of ... More


International Libertarianism

Daniel Butt

in Rectifying International Injustice: Principles of Compensation and Restitution Between Nations

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199218240
eISBN:
9780191711589
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199218240.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, International Relations and Politics

This chapter lays out the account of justice between nations — international libertarianism — which the book uses to assess present day obligations arising from historic injustice. The first section ... More


What Blame Is

George Sher

in In Praise of Blame

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195187427
eISBN:
9780199786596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195187423.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter develops a new account of what blame adds to the belief that someone has acted badly. According to the proposed account, the additional element consists of a set of dispositions (to ... More


Perception and its Objects

Bill Brewer

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199260256
eISBN:
9780191725470
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199260256.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book presents, motivates, and defends a new solution to a fundamental problem in the philosophy of perception. What is the correct theoretical conception of perceptual experience, and how should ... More


The Politics of Denial

Eviatar Zerubavel

in The Elephant in the Room: Silence and Denial in Everyday Life

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195187175
eISBN:
9780199943371
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187175.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

This chapter explores institutionalized prohibitions against looking, listening, and speaking that help keep certain matters off-limits. It is noted that what is seen, heard, and talked about is ... More


Retrospective

Jay H. Jasonoff

in Hittite and the Indo-European Verb

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199249053
eISBN:
9780191719370
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199249053.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This final chapter reviews the ‘new look’ of the PIE verbal system in the light of the h2e-conjugation theory. In most respects, the new look is no different from the old since all the familiar IE ... More


Paediatric vision testing

Janette Atkinson

in The Developing Visual Brain

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198525998
eISBN:
9780191712395
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525998.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter describes some of the methods used for testing vision in infants and young children in research and clinical assessment, including behavioural measures from observing eye movements ... More


Newborn vision

Janette Atkinson

in The Developing Visual Brain

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198525998
eISBN:
9780191712395
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525998.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter considers the visual capabilities of the normal newborn infant, starting with crude visual orienting behaviour towards visually conspicuous objects. The evidence for a specific ability ... More


Methodological Alternatives and Supplements to Random Sampling

Patrick Dattalo

in Strategies to Approximate Random Sampling and Assignment

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195378351
eISBN:
9780199864645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378351.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter begins with a discussion of external validity and sampling bias. Next, the rationale and limitations of RS as a way to maximize external validity and minimize sampling bias are ... More


INTRODUCTION

Ingmar Persson

in The Retreat of Reason: A dilemma in the philosophy of life

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199276905
eISBN:
9780191603198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276900.003.0031
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter takes a preview of the argument of part V. It draws the fundamental distinction between direct and ultimate responsibility. Direct responsibility is the responsibility we have for our ... More


INSULT IN PLAY AND RITUAL

Jerome Neu

in Sticks and Stones: The Philosophy of Insults

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195314311
eISBN:
9780199871780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314311.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Modern rap battles are a continuation of the traditional dozens played by black male adolescents. Such insult rituals allow for the controlled expression of aggression and the defining of boundaries ... More


Alec Wilder: “That Certain Feeling” (1972)

Robert Wyatt and John Andrew Johnson

in The George Gershwin Reader

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195327113
eISBN:
9780199851249
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195327113.003.0019
Subject:
Music, Popular

This chapter presents an excerpt from Alec Wilder's 1972 book titled American Popular Song: The Great Innovators. This book is about the successful opening the musical Tip-Toes in December 1925, ... More


Currency Substitution in Anticipation of EU Accession

Hans Genberg

in Monetary Unions and Hard Pegs: Effects on Trade, Financial Development, and Stability

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199271405
eISBN:
9780191601200
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271402.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

Countries in Eastern and Central Europe that are joining the European Union will eventually also join EMU. The process of accession entails a transition period at whose end the domestic currency is ... More


Assessing Moral Rules: Utilitarian and Kantian Perspectives

Thomas E. Hill Jr.

in Virtue, Rules, and Justice: Kantian Aspirations

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199692002
eISBN:
9780191741241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692002.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter compares and contrasts rule-utilitarian and Kantian thinking about what moral rules should be accepted and what exceptions they should allow. We do not, and may never, know just what ... More


What’s in a Look?

M. G. F. Martin

in Perceiving the World

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195386196
eISBN:
9780199866748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195386196.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This paper is a discussion of the superficial: it concerns the semantics of looks statements and the nature of the looks objects have. The aim is to provide first a minimal semantics for looks ... More


Social Reality Is Not Always What It Appears To Be: The Scientific Roots of Research on Interpersonal Expectancies

Lee Jussim

in Social Perception and Social Reality: Why Accuracy Dominates Bias and Self-Fulfilling Prophecy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195366600
eISBN:
9780199933044
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366600.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter reviews some of the earliest research relating social perception to social reality. This includes some of the earliest (and classic) studies of stereotypes, the “New Look” in perception ... More


Quantification in Infancy

Kelly S. Mix, Janellen Huttenlocher, and Susan Cohen Levine

in Quantitative Development in Infancy and Early Childhood

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195123005
eISBN:
9780199893959
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195123005.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter reviews the literature on infant quantification. This includes habituation studies that tested infants' discrimination of small sets, preferential looking studies that tested whether ... More


Some Sellarsian Myths

Paul Snowdon

in Empiricism, Perceptual Knowledge, Normativity, and Realism: Essays on Wilfrid Sellars

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199573301
eISBN:
9780191722172
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573301.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter locates Sellars's discussion of perception in ‘Empiricism and the Philosophy of Mind’ within the context of his discussion of the myth of the given. It argues that his criticisms of the ... More


Brandom's Two‐Ply Error

Willem A. deVries and Paul Coates

in Empiricism, Perceptual Knowledge, Normativity, and Realism: Essays on Wilfrid Sellars

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199573301
eISBN:
9780191722172
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573301.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In his Tales of the Mighty Dead, Robert B. Brandom's discussion of Sellars's two-ply account of observation and critique of Cartesian philosophies of mind makes several crucial errors that would ... More


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