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Deaf Children's Understanding of Inverse Relations

Terezinha Nunes, Peter Bryant, Diana Burman, Daniel Bell, Deborah Evans, Darcy Hallett, and Laura Montgomery

in Deaf Cognition: Foundations and Outcomes

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195368673
eISBN:
9780199894161
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368673.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

The understanding of inversion plays a key role in children's learning about arithmetic and algebra. This chapter focuses on deaf children's understanding and use of the principle of inversion. It is ... More


Group Problem Solving

Patrick R. Laughlin

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147918
eISBN:
9781400836673
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147918.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Experimental research by social and cognitive psychologists has established that cooperative groups solve a wide range of problems better than individuals. Cooperative problem solving groups of ... More


Cognition and Conditionals: Probability and Logic in Human Thinking

Mike Oaksford and Nick Chater (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199233298
eISBN:
9780191696602
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233298.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The conditional, if…then, is probably the most important term in natural language and forms the core of systems of logic and mental representation. It occurs in all human languages and allows people ... More


Logic

Michael Potter

in Set Theory and its Philosophy: A Critical Introduction

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199269730
eISBN:
9780191699443
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269730.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This book consists in very large part of an exposition of a mathematical theory — the theory (or a theory) of sets. This exposition has at its core a sequence of proofs designed to establish ... More


Inner Eye and Inner Space

Markus Knauff

in Space to Reason: A Spatial Theory of Human Thought

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262018654
eISBN:
9780262313643
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262018654.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter provides a brief historical introduction to the fields of rationality and logical reasoning and imagination, along with a discussion of experimental findings on the types of mental ... More


Descartes' two errors: Reason and reflection in the great apes

Josep Call

in Rational Animals?

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198528272
eISBN:
9780191689529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528272.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines reason and reflection in the great apes. It presents a variety of behavioural evidence that is best explained either by ... More


Introduction

Neil MacCormick

in Legal Reasoning and Legal Theory

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198763840
eISBN:
9780191695230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198763840.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

Reason is associated with the view that some things are ‘by nature’ right for human beings; others so, merely by convention or by enactment. This book follows the point which is common to both David ... More


Reasoning and Imageability

Markus Knauff

in Space to Reason: A Spatial Theory of Human Thought

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262018654
eISBN:
9780262313643
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262018654.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter, which begins with a discussion of the findings of previous studies on the role of visualization in logical reasoning, shows that clear conclusions cannot be drawn from these findings as ... More


Cultivating Rational Thought (<i>Iliad</i> 9)

Emily Katz Anhalt

in Enraged: Why Violent Times Need Ancient Greek Myths

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780300217377
eISBN:
9780300231762
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300217377.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter examines how the Iliad promotes rational thought and continuously evokes the audience's capacity for critical moral judgment. It explains how the Iliad prompts the audience to consider ... More


Emotional Reasoning

Jodi Halpern

in From Detached Concern to Empathy: Humanizing Medical Practice

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780195111194
eISBN:
9780190267728
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195111194.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses emotional reasoning as an effective tool for clinical empathy, by first identifying the risks of irrationality based on emotions. Several aspects of an emotional decision ... More


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