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Foundations Shaken but Not Stirred

Andrew Vincent

in The Nature of Political Theory

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199271252
eISBN:
9780191601101
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271259.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Examines the advent of logical positivism, the development of conceptual analysis, ordinary language philosophy, the so‐called death of political theory, the impact of linguistic philosophy and the ... More


Introduction: Postwar Fiction, the Fact/Value Problem, and the Literary Response to Logical Positivism

Michael LeMahieu

in Fictions of Fact and Value: The Erasure of Logical Positivism in American Literature, 1945-1975

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199890408
eISBN:
9780199369652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199890408.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, American, 20th Century Literature, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature

Although routinely dismissed by literary critics, the philosophy of logical positivism, often considered the antithesis of literary postmodernism, exerted a determining influence on the development ... More


The Scientific Image

Bas. C. van Fraassen

Published in print:
1980
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198244271
eISBN:
9780191597473
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198244274.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This book presents an empiricist alternative (‘constructive empiricism’) to both logical positivism and scientific realism. Against the former, it insists on a literal understanding of the language ... More


Later Empiricism and Logical Positivism*

John Skorupski

in The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195148770
eISBN:
9780199835560
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195148770.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter provides a broadly sympathetic historical account of post-Kantian empiricist approaches to mathematics and logic. It focuses primarily but on John Stuart Mill’s radical empiricism and ... More


“Indigestible Residues”: Ludwig Wittgenstein, Aesthetic Negativism, and the Incompleteness of Logical Positivism

Michael LeMahieu

in Fictions of Fact and Value: The Erasure of Logical Positivism in American Literature, 1945-1975

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199890408
eISBN:
9780199369652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199890408.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, American, 20th Century Literature, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature

In the literary response to logical positivism, Ludwig Wittgenstein figures both as inspiration and opposition, as the philosopher of what is the case and as the poet of what is not. Wittgenstein’s ... More


Fictions of Fact and Value: The Erasure of Logical Positivism in American Literature, 1945-1975

Michael LeMahieu

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199890408
eISBN:
9780199369652
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199890408.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, American, 20th Century Literature, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature

This book argues that the philosophy of logical positivism, considered the antithesis of literary postmodernism, exerts a determining influence on the development of American fiction in the three ... More


“Negative Appearance”: Flannery O’Connor, Believing in Nothing, and the Threat of Logical Positivism

Michael LeMahieu

in Fictions of Fact and Value: The Erasure of Logical Positivism in American Literature, 1945-1975

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199890408
eISBN:
9780199369652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199890408.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, American, 20th Century Literature, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature

Flannery O’Connor identified logical positivism with atheism and nihilism in its denial of objective status to moral values or religious beliefs. Yet to read her work as a straightforward exercise in ... More


“Eternal Things”: Saul Bellow, the Infinite Longings of the Soul, and the Shortcomings of Logical Positivism

Michael LeMahieu

in Fictions of Fact and Value: The Erasure of Logical Positivism in American Literature, 1945-1975

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199890408
eISBN:
9780199369652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199890408.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, American, 20th Century Literature, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature

Saul Bellow’s explicit engagement with logical positivism in the short story “Zetland: By a Character Witness” – Bellow’s unfinished tribute to his childhood friend, intellectual companion, and ... More


“Illogical Negativism”: Thomas Pynchon, the Critique of Modernism, and the Erasure of Logical Positivism

Michael LeMahieu

in Fictions of Fact and Value: The Erasure of Logical Positivism in American Literature, 1945-1975

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199890408
eISBN:
9780199369652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199890408.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, American, 20th Century Literature, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature

The typescript drafts of Thomas Pynchon’s first novel V. demonstrate the depth and extent to which Pynchon struggled to come to terms with the influence of logical positivism. Although Pynchon would ... More


Religious Epistemology

Nicholas Wolterstorff

in The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Religion

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195138092
eISBN:
9780199835348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195138090.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

While acknowledging the importance of sophisticated reformulations of some of the traditional arguments for “natural and revealed” religion, the bulk of this chapter expounds and then compares and ... More


The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic

Stewart Shapiro (ed.)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195148770
eISBN:
9780199835560
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195148770.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This book provides comprehensive and accessible coverage of the disciplines of philosophy of mathematics and philosophy of logic. After an introduction, the book begins with a historical section, ... More


Individual Representationalism after Mid‐Century: Preliminaries

Tyler Burge

in Origins of Objectivity

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199581405
eISBN:
9780191723223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199581405.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter focuses on relations between second-family Individual Representationalism and other standpoints that either reinforced it or began to undermine it. Sense-data theory was the prevailing ... More


Psychology of Science: Influence on the Philosophy of Science

E. J. Capaldi and Robert W. Proctor

in Psychology of Science: Implicit and Explicit Processes

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199753628
eISBN:
9780199950027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753628.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Social Psychology

There has always been a close association between psychology and the philosophy of science. Although some individuals over the past 200 years have suggested that psychology had little to offer ... More


“Contradictory Feelings”: John Barth, “Non-Mystical Value-Thinking,” and the Exhaustion of Logical Positivism

Michael LeMahieu

in Fictions of Fact and Value: The Erasure of Logical Positivism in American Literature, 1945-1975

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199890408
eISBN:
9780199369652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199890408.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, American, 20th Century Literature, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature

The fact/value problem functions as the central analytical problem and aesthetic concern in John Barth’s first two novels The Floating Opera and The End of the Road. In his two books, Barth attempts ... More


The Ghosts of Metaphysics: Logical Positivism and Disenchantment

Jason Ā. Josephson-Storm

in The Myth of Disenchantment: Magic, Modernity, and the Birth of the Human Sciences

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780226403229
eISBN:
9780226403533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226403533.003.0010
Subject:
History, History of Religion

Chapter 9 explores the connections between the Vienna Circle of positivism and the esoteric milieu. It shows how the founders of logical positivism, such as Otto Neurath, presented their philosophy ... More


The Instrumentalist Approach

William Lyons

in Approaches to Intentionality

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198752226
eISBN:
9780191695087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198752226.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

This chapter discusses the rise of ‘scientific philosophy’, which would expose the logical and conceptual bases of natural sciences. The author traces it back to the 19th-century philosopher Auguste ... More


Schopenhauer's Influence on Wittgenstein

Bryan Magee

in The Philosophy of Schopenhauer

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198237228
eISBN:
9780191706233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198237227.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Schopenhauer was the first and greatest philosophical influence on Wittgenstein, a fact attested to by those closest to him. He began by accepting Schopenhauer's division of total reality into ... More


One Way to Read Hume

Edward Craig

in The Mind of God and the Works of Man

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198236825
eISBN:
9780191597244
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198236824.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

In this chapter, Craig shows how the Image of God doctrine works as an interpretative tool. Applied to the philosophy of Hume, it helps to illuminate textual detail that would otherwise not be fully ... More


The Science in Political Science

Kevin A. Clarke and David M. Primo

in A Model Discipline: Political Science and the Logic of Representations

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195382198
eISBN:
9780199932399
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195382198.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The purpose of this chapter is threefold. First, we demonstrate that political scientists believe in and make use of a three-step method: a theory is proposed, a prediction is derived from the ... More


Logic and the Western concept of mind

Mike Oaksford and Nick Chater

in Bayesian Rationality: The probabilistic approach to human reasoning

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198524496
eISBN:
9780191584923
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524496.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter begins with a discussion of the Western conception of the mind. It traces two viewpoints of the basis of people’s ability to carry out ‘deductive’ reasoning tasks, one based on logic and ... More


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