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Localism and Centralism in Europe: The Political and Legal Bases of Local Self-Government

Edward C. Page

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198277279
eISBN:
9780191684166
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198277279.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Why do some countries appear to be far more centralized than others? In some countries local government has responsibility for a wide range of public services, while in others these services are ... More


Digital Applications in State, County, and Local Governments

James W. Cortada

in The Digital Hand, Vol 3: How Computers Changed the Work of American Public Sector Industries

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195165869
eISBN:
9780199868025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165869.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter discusses the deployment and use of information technology in state, county, and local governments. Public sector managers and users enjoyed the same benefits and similar challenges in ... More


Mirror Image or Double Whammy? Regulation and Local Government

Christopher Hood, Colin Scott, Oliver James, George Jones, and Tony Travers

in Regulation Inside Government: Waste-Watchers, Quality Police, and Sleazebusters

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198280996
eISBN:
9780191599491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198280998.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

Examines changes in patterns of central regulation over local government. It suggests that local government has been subjected to a wide range of more intrusive and more formal controls over its ... More


The Demise of Local Government

Martin Loughlin

in The British Constitution in the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263198
eISBN:
9780191734755
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263198.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

This chapter examines the so-called demise of local government in Great Britain during the twentieth century, suggesting that the cumulative impact of twentieth-century developments has resulted in a ... More


Institutions, State Activism, and Economic Development: A Comparison of State‐Owned and Township‐Village Enterprises in China

Yingyi Qian and Barry R. Weingast

in The Role of Government in East Asian Economic Development: Comparative Institutional Analysis

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780198294917
eISBN:
9780191715501
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198294917.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter examines why township-village enterprises (TVEs) are more efficient than state-owned enterprises (SOEs) in China. It is shown that China’s special form of decentralization — ... More


Party Members and Inter‐Election Activities

Susan E. Scarrow

in Parties and Their Members: Organizing for Victory in Britain and Germany

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198279181
eISBN:
9780191600166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198279183.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Organizers in German and British political parties have raised their expectations about what is to be gained from members’ interelection activities. Members are seen as increasingly valuable for ... More


Local Government

Stuart Anderson

in The Oxford History of the Laws of England: Volume XI: 1820–1914 English Legal System

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199258819
eISBN:
9780191718151
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199258819.003.0014
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter discusses local government in the 19th century. At the beginning of the period there was local authority, exercised through the key Hanoverian agencies of the justices of the peace and ... More


The Digital Hand, Vol 3: How Computers Changed the Work of American Public Sector Industries

James W. Cortada

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195165869
eISBN:
9780199868025
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165869.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This book, the third of three volumes, completes the sweeping survey of the effect of computers on American industry began in the first volume and continued in the second volume. It turns finally to ... More


Digital Applications in Tax and Financial Operations

James W. Cortada

in The Digital Hand, Vol 3: How Computers Changed the Work of American Public Sector Industries

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195165869
eISBN:
9780199868025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165869.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

One of the largest and most pervasive uses of computers by all governments across the American economy has been for accounting applications. While the fundamental missions and tasks have not changed ... More


Bourgeois Representation in Political Life

Graeme Gill

in Bourgeoisie, State and Democracy: Russia, Britain, France, Germany, and the USA

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199544684
eISBN:
9780191719912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544684.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, Democratization

The integration of the new class into the political structure in Britain, France, Germany, and the USA is central to the questions that are the focus of this book. This chapter analyses the patterns ... More


What if Public Management Reform Actually Works?: The Paradoxical Success of Performance Management in English Local Government

George Boyne, Oliver James, Peter John, and Nicolai Petrovsky

in Paradoxes of Modernization: Unintended Consequences of Public Policy Reform

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199573547
eISBN:
9780191722677
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573547.003.0011
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Organization Studies

This chapter examines the Comprehensive Performance Assessment (CPA) regime in English local government, a scheme introduced in the early 2000s to improve performance across local authorities. A ... More


Local Taxation and Intergovernmental Fiscal Relations

Hiromitsu Ishi

in The Japanese Tax System

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242566
eISBN:
9780191596452
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242569.003.0018
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

Analyses the complicated structure of national–local governmental relations in both side of the budgets. The shares of total tax sources between two governments, the whole system of local taxation ... More


Communal Action in the Development of Regional Industrial Policy: A Case Study of the Kawamata Silk Weaving Industry

Futoshi Yamauchi

in The Role of Tradition in Japan's Industrialization: Another Path to Industrialization

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780198292746
eISBN:
9780191603891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292740.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter examines the ‘industrial policy’ executed in the industrial district, Kawamata. The local government and associations made various attempts to support the development of silk weaving ... More


The Ghost of Local Government

Anthony King

in The British Constitution

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199576982
eISBN:
9780191702235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199576982.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

This chapter presents a debate on whether local government was a good thing or a bad thing. Local government had few detractors but many admirers, most of whom saw it as reflecting a distinctively ... More


Explaining Patterns of Centralism and Localism

Edward C. Page

in Localism and Centralism in Europe: The Political and Legal Bases of Local Self-Government

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198277279
eISBN:
9780191684166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198277279.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter focuses on the theoretical approaches to understanding cross-national variation in centralism and localism. It examines why countries differ in their patterns of centralism and localism ... More


Post‐Soviet Bourgeois Representation in Political Life

Graeme Gill

in Bourgeoisie, State and Democracy: Russia, Britain, France, Germany, and the USA

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199544684
eISBN:
9780191719912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544684.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, Democratization

This chapter outlines the extent of bourgeois involvement in the major political institutions of contemporary Russia: legislature, executive, political parties, civil service, local/regional ... More


The Legal Scale

Edward C. Page

in Localism and Centralism in Europe: The Political and Legal Bases of Local Self-Government

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198277279
eISBN:
9780191684166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198277279.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The opportunities for local political élites to shape the nature of public services reflects their capacity to use their legal or constitutional position as democratically elected heads of ... More


Size, Scope, and Bias: What Differentiates Local Electoral Politics?

J. Eric Oliver, Shang E. Ha, and Zachary Callen

in Local Elections and the Politics of Small-Scale Democracy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691143552
eISBN:
9781400842544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691143552.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter outlines a relatively simple way of understanding the dynamics of local democracy. Across the universe of democracies, three characteristics are the most powerful and widely applicable ... More


The Party and English Local Government

KEN YOUNG

in Conservative Century: The Conservative Party since 1900

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198202387
eISBN:
9780191675317
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202387.003.0011
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Political History

This chapter focuses on the local government – the relationship between the Conservatives and the structure and functions of local government itself. It points to generally successful attempts ... More


The Export-oriented Industrialization of Japanese Pottery: The Adoption and Adaptation of Overseas Technology and Market Information

Takehisa Yamada

in The Role of Tradition in Japan's Industrialization: Another Path to Industrialization

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780198292746
eISBN:
9780191603891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292740.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter discusses the export-oriented industrialization of pottery industry in modern Japan, focusing on the introduction and adoption of advanced technologies from Western countries. Special ... More


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