Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-16 of 16 items

  • Keywords: living organisms x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

Applying the Principles

Mary Anne Warren

in Moral Status: Obligations to Persons and Other Living Things

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198250401
eISBN:
9780191681295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250401.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter reviews the principles proposed in Chapter 6. The first three principles refer to nested classes of entities: living organisms, sentient beings, and moral agents. Beings of each class ... More


What Are Natural Products?

Richard Firn

in Nature's Chemicals: The Natural Products that shaped our world

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199566839
eISBN:
9780191721700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566839.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

All organisms are made up of chemicals. There is a common collection of several hundreds of substances that are produced by all living organisms. However, hundreds of thousands of different chemicals ... More


Temperature Paces Life

Toby Tyrrell

in On Gaia: A Critical Investigation of the Relationship between Life and Earth

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691121581
eISBN:
9781400847914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691121581.003.0004
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter addresses the question of optimal temperatures by looking at the evidence from physiological and ecological studies—evidence from studying living organisms. It summarizes what is known ... More


On the Diversity of Life

Rosemary Rodd

in Biology, Ethics, and Animals

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240525
eISBN:
9780191680199
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240525.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter provides a background to the problem of discussing the nature of animals and their position in human ethics. It demonstrates how inconsistency and over-rigidity in the way humans apply ... More


The Self-construction of a Living Organism

Natalia López-Moratalla and María Cerezo

in Information and Living Systems: Philosophical and Scientific Perspectives

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262201742
eISBN:
9780262295246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262201742.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter theorizes that an adequate conception of the living organism must account for it in dynamic terms, and that epigenetics provides some crucial elements for doing so. It shows that there ... More


In the Beginning…

Lawrence E. Hunter

in The Processes of Life: An Introduction to Molecular Biology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013055
eISBN:
9780262255288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013055.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter introduces the essential processes of reproduction, metabolism, and evolution and examines some competing theories about how evolution works. First, it considers a few illustrative ... More


Respect for Life

Alexander Gillespie

in International Environmental Law, Policy, and Ethics

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198298724
eISBN:
9780191685514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198298724.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter evaluates the validity of the respect for life justification for environmental protection. It explains that the idea behind the respect for life justification is that something about the ... More


Productivity and carbon balance

Håkan Rydin and John K. Jeglum

in The Biology of Peatlands

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198528722
eISBN:
9780191728211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528722.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter introduces the basics of carbon cycling in peatlands, and discusses the role of peatlands in current environmental scenarios. Peatlands hold enormous amounts of carbon stored as peat, ... More


Host Manipulation by Parasites

Preface by Richard Dawkins, University of Oxford, UK

David P. Hughes, Jacques Brodeur, and Frédéric Thomas (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199642236
eISBN:
9780191774621
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199642236.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Parasites that manipulate the behaviour of their hosts represent striking examples of adaptation by natural selection. This field of study is now moving beyond its descriptive phase and into more ... More


An Introduction to Evolution

Jason Rosenhouse

in Among the Creationists: Dispatches from the Anti-Evolutionist Frontline

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199744633
eISBN:
9780190267827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199744633.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter provides a primer on evolution, first by discussing those aspects of evolution that are most relevant to disputes with proponents of creationism. In particular, it considers two of the ... More


Simplexity: Simplifying Principles for a Complex World

Alain Berthoz

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300169348
eISBN:
9780300177923
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300169348.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

In this book a noted physiologist and neuroscientist introduces the concept of simplexity, the set of solutions living organisms find that enable them to deal with information and situations, while ... More


Enaction: Toward a New Paradigm for Cognitive Science

John Stewart, Olivier Gapenne, and Ezequiel A. Di Paolo (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014601
eISBN:
9780262289795
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014601.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This book presents the framework for a new, comprehensive approach to cognitive science. The proposed paradigm, enaction, offers an alternative to cognitive science’s classical, first-generation ... More


Organisms as Manufactures

Alain Pottage and Brad Sherman

in Figures of Invention: A History of Modern Patent Law

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199595631
eISBN:
9780191807282
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199595631.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter examines whether products of nature and living organisms such as plants can be considered manufactures or inventions that are patentable. It first discusses the relevant provisions of ... More


X-rays in the Lab and Field

Helen Anne Curry

in Evolution Made to Order: Plant Breeding and Technological Innovation in Twentieth-Century America

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226390086
eISBN:
9780226390116
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226390116.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Speculation about the uses of induced mutations in genetics research as well as in practical plant breeding spurred significant biological experimentation with x-rays in the 1920s and 1930s. As this ... More


What Is Convergent Evolution?

George R. McGhee

in Convergent Evolution: Limited Forms Most Beautiful

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016421
eISBN:
9780262298872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016421.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter introduces the concept of convergent evolution. It shows that parallel evolution is simply a special case of convergent evolution, and addresses the action of both functional and ... More


On the Scattering of Electromagnetic Radiation by Atoms and Molecules

Peter B. Moore

in Visualizing the Invisible: Imaging Techniques for the Structural Biologist

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199767090
eISBN:
9780190267841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199767090.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter provides a scientific approach in determining the arrangement of atoms and molecules in living organisms. The use of electromagnetic radiation is therefore introduced. With the use of ... More


View: