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The Variation Puzzle

Nancy C. Dorian

in Investigating Variation: The Effects of Social Organization and Social Setting

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195385939
eISBN:
9780199870141
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385939.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

The unwritten Gaelic of East Sutherland fishing communities offers an example of linguistic variation in which individual speakers' competing variants lack social weighting. Dense face‐to‐face ... More


Parameters, Performance, and the Explanation of Typological Generalizations

Frederick J. Newmeyer

in Possible and Probable Languages: A Generative Perspective on Linguistic Typology

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199274338
eISBN:
9780191706479
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199274338.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Language Families

This chapter launches a frontal assault not just on the parametric approach to grammar, but also on the very idea that it is the job of Universal Grammar (UG) per se to account for typological ... More


Conclusion

ANDREAS WILLI

in The Languages of Aristophanes: Aspects of Linguistic Variation in Classical Attic Greek

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199215102
eISBN:
9780191718915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199215102.003.0008
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter presents a synthesis of discussions in the preceding chapters. The most important conclusion from studying the six Aristophanic case studies is that it is feasible to operate with ... More


The Languages of Aristophanes: Aspects of Linguistic Variation in Classical Attic Greek

Andreas Willi

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199215102
eISBN:
9780191718915
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199215102.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

By examining linguistic variation in Aristophanic comedy, this book opens up a new perspective on intra-dialectal diversity in Classical Attic Greek. A representative range of registers, technical ... More


Conflicting Patterns in the Use and Evaluation of Language

PATRICK STEVENSON

in Language and German Disunity: A Sociolinguistic History of East and West in Germany, 1945-2000

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198299707
eISBN:
9780191708053
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198299707.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter explores some of the ways in which the ‘communicative environment’ changed in the period of Umbruch in the early 1990s, and the ways in which the Germans have adapted to life in a ... More


The Space of Tuscan Dialectal Variation: A Correlation Study

Simonetta Montemagni

in Computing and Language Variation: International Journal of Humanities and Arts Computing Volume 2

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748640300
eISBN:
9780748671380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748640300.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Applied Linguistics and Pedagogy

Different types of features contribute to the linguistic distance between any two locations. Yet, the correlation between different feature types in defining patterns of dialectal variation ... More


Religious Registers

ANDREAS WILLI

in The Languages of Aristophanes: Aspects of Linguistic Variation in Classical Attic Greek

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199215102
eISBN:
9780191718915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199215102.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

‘Register’ is the linguistic code that is used in the creation of text that belongs to a ‘genre’. In other words, register is the signifiant (e.g., the language used in a culinary recipe), ‘genre’ ... More


The Dutch-German Border: Relating Linguistic, Geographic and Social Distances

Folkert De Vriend, Charlotte Giesbers, Roeland Van Hout, and Louis Ten Bosch

in Computing and Language Variation: International Journal of Humanities and Arts Computing Volume 2

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748640300
eISBN:
9780748671380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748640300.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Applied Linguistics and Pedagogy

The Dutch-German state border south of the river Rhine was established in 1830. Before that time, the administrative borders in this region frequently changed. The Kleverlandish dialect area, which ... More


Introduction

ANDREAS WILLI

in The Languages of Aristophanes: Aspects of Linguistic Variation in Classical Attic Greek

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199215102
eISBN:
9780191718915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199215102.003.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This introductory chapter begins with a brief discussion of the lack of sociolinguistic data and the comic mixture of linguistic varieties. It then presents the main theme of the book, which deals ... More


Linguistic Variation in Ancient Egyptian: An Introduction to the State of the Art (with Special Attention to the Community of Deir el-Medina)

Stéphane Polis

in Scribal Repertoires in Egypt from the New Kingdom to the Early Islamic Period

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780198768104
eISBN:
9780191821882
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198768104.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE, Prose and Writers: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter provides an overview of the types of linguistic variation attested in pre-demotic Egyptian. More specifically, a sociolinguistic perspective is adopted in order to describe the impact ... More


Newfoundland and Labrador English

Sandra Clarke

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748626168
eISBN:
9780748671519
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748626168.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This volume constitutes the first comprehensive overview of the variety of Canadian English spoken in Newfoundland and Labrador, long recognized as linguistically distinct within North America. It ... More


Ethnosyntax: Explorations in Grammar and Culture

N. J. Enfield

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199266500
eISBN:
9780191719363
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199266500.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This book provides a new approach to the ‘ethnosyntax’ concept — the proposition that the grammar of a language is intimately linked to the culture of its speakers. It focuses on three related ... More


Language on Display: Writers, Fiction and Linguistic Culture in Post-Soviet Russia

Ingunn Lunde

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781474421560
eISBN:
9781474444842
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474421560.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This volume spans a number of theoretical fields including language variation, language policy and literary stylistics and provides a coherent way of triangulating these fields by the introduction ... More


Cross-linguistic variation

Wolfram Hinzen and Michelle Sheehan

in The Philosophy of Universal Grammar

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199654833
eISBN:
9780191747977
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654833.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

One Cartesian reason for taking thought to be independent of language—or to have its own ‘Language of thought’—is that language is subject to massive cross-linguistic variation, while thought is not. ... More


Doghouse/Chien-maison/Niche: Approaches to the understanding of compound processing in bilinguals

ERIKA S. LEVY, MIRA GORAL, and LORAINE K. OBLER

in The Representation and Processing of Compound Words

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199228911
eISBN:
9780191711213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228911.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

This chapter explores relevant work in the fields of the bilingual lexicon and cross-linguistic compound variation, which should contribute to research investigating questions that surface at the ... More


Variation and change in languages

Meisel Jurgen M., Elsig Martin, and Rinke Esther

in Language Acquisition and Change: A Morphosyntactic Perspective

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780748642250
eISBN:
9780748695157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748642250.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, English Language

This chapter argues that variation is a constitutive property of language use; its study allows one to explain how grammars change over time. The present discussion is concerned with the latter ... More


The Scribal Repertoire of Amennakhte Son of Ipuy: Describing Variation Across Late Egyptian Registers

Stéphane Polis

in Scribal Repertoires in Egypt from the New Kingdom to the Early Islamic Period

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780198768104
eISBN:
9780191821882
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198768104.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE, Prose and Writers: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter investigates linguistic variation in the texts written by the Deir el-Medina scribe Amennakhte son of Ipuy in New Kingdom Egypt (Twentieth Dynasty; c. 1150 BCE). After a discussion of ... More


Technical Languages

ANDREAS WILLI

in The Languages of Aristophanes: Aspects of Linguistic Variation in Classical Attic Greek

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199215102
eISBN:
9780191718915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199215102.003.0003
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter focuses on the concept of technical language. It provides the theoretical background for the study of technical languages in comedy, and critically reviews some of the evidence collected ... More


Symmetries, Asymmetric Dependencies, and Earliness Effects

John A. Hawkins

in Efficiency and Complexity in Grammars

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199252695
eISBN:
9780191719301
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199252695.003.008
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter continues the discussion of Maximize On-line Processing (MaOP), focusing on the distinction between symmetry and asymmetry in cross-linguistic variation. Symmetry is observed when two ... More


Language Ideologies and Society: Valerii Votrin and Mikhail Gigolashvili

Ingunn Lunde

in Language on Display: Writers, Fiction and Linguistic Culture in Post-Soviet Russia

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781474421560
eISBN:
9781474444842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474421560.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter offers readings of two recent Russian novels, Valerii Votrin’s Logoped (The Speech Therapist, 2012) and Mikhail Gigolashvili’s Zakhvat Moskovii: natsional-lingvisticheskii roman (The ... More


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