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Where Do We Look for Reputation?: A Person’s Lifelong and Distinctive Reputational Network

Kenneth H. Craik

in Reputation: A Network Interpretation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195330922
eISBN:
9780199868292
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195330922.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter examines the structure and membership of a person’s reputational network, including its size, density, and patterning. It sketches the life-span dynamics of reputational networks, with ... More


Less Food, Less Sex, Live Longer?

Stephen J. Simpson and David Raubenheimer

in The Nature of Nutrition: A Unifying Framework from Animal Adaptation to Human Obesity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145655
eISBN:
9781400842803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145655.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter examines the relationships between nutrition, life span, and sex. It considers the view that dietary restriction without severe malnutrition prolongs life. It is generally believed that ... More


Adolescent Developmental Theories

West Stevens Joyce

in Smart and Sassy: The Strengths of Inner-City Black Girls

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195121643
eISBN:
9780199865383
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195121643.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

This chapter critiques the psychoanalytic theory of adolescent development as undergoing fundamental revisions influenced, in part, by feminist theory and developmental research. A developmental ... More


Public Mental Health

William W. Eaton (ed.)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195390445
eISBN:
9780199950416
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390445.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Mental disorders are among the most prevalent sources of disease burden in the world. Increasing recognition of this burden has led to an explosion of scientific research as well as widespread public ... More


The role of health professionals

Kelley DeVane Hart and Bonnie A. Spear

in Childhood Obesity Prevention: International Research, Controversies and Interventions

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199572915
eISBN:
9780191595110
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572915.003.0023
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

The past decade has witnessed a phenomenal increase in the awareness and concerns over childhood obesity prevention and intervention. Many view the health care provider as ‘jumping onboard’ too ... More


Extra Long Life: Ethical Aspects of Increased Life Span

Margaret Pabst Battin

in Ending Life: Ethics and the Way We Die

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195140279
eISBN:
9780199850280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195140279.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The prospect of extra-long life spawns a bloom of ethical issues, among them how to achieve intergenerational equity; how to balance health care entitlements with rising costs for the elderly; how to ... More


Epidemiology and etiology

Jos J. Eggermont

in The Neuroscience of Tinnitus

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199605606
eISBN:
9780191741555
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199605606.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Development

The prevalence of tinnitus is high in children with normal hearing as well as in those with hearing loss or ear disease, and reaches levels in the 20–40% range. The prevalence of continuous tinnitus ... More


The Prudential Lifespan Account

Dennis McKerlie

in Justice Between the Young and the Old

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199769131
eISBN:
9780199979615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199769131.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

This chapter deals with the view that identifies fairness among temporal parts of different lives with the distribution that would be chosen by prudence over the different temporal parts of one life. ... More


Body image: a life course perspective

Lindsay McLaren and Jane Wardle

in A Life Course Approach to Women's Health

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192632890
eISBN:
9780191723629
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192632890.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter integrates existing literature on body dissatisfaction in a way that highlights possible pathways or trajectories that explain variation in body dissatisfaction at midlife. It focuses on ... More


Summary and General Conclusions

Rivers Ian

in Homophobic Bullying: Research and Theoretical Perspectives

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195160536
eISBN:
9780199893911
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195160536.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Clinical Child Psychology / School Psychology

This final chapter asks the questions, what have we learned and where do we go form here? The key findings from the studies detailed in this book are summarised, and the chapter considers some of the ... More


Cognition and Neural Development

Don Tucker and Phan Luu

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199838523
eISBN:
9780199985654
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199838523.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

Scientific research shows how experience shapes the organization of the human brain through mechanisms of neural plasticity, which capture the information of the world within the connections among ... More


Thought Communities

Vera John-Steiner

in Creative Collaboration

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195307702
eISBN:
9780199847587
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307702.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

As collaborations enhance through technology and discussions on the timeliness and importance of joint activities are powerfully made, no significant change has appeared in the mainstream of ... More


The Scientific Cosmists

George M. Young

in The Russian Cosmists: The Esoteric Futurism of Nikolai Fedorov and His Followers

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199892945
eISBN:
9780199950577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199892945.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter discusses four major Russian scientists and their relationship to Fedorov and Cosmism: Vladimir Vernadsky, Konstantin Tsiolkovsky, Alexander Chizhevsky, and Vasily Kuprevich. Vernadsky’s ... More


Policy recommendations

Robert E. Drake, Gary R. Bond, and Deborah R. Becker

in Individual Placement and Support: An Evidence-Based Approach to Supported Employment

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199734016
eISBN:
9780199949755
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199734016.003.0036
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

Two major barriers prevent people with psychiatric disabilities from becoming employed: disincentives within the health care and social insurance systems; and lack of access to Individual Placement ... More


The production and lifespan of Scandinavian-style jewellery

Jane F. Kershaw

in Viking Identities: Scandinavian Jewellery in England

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199639526
eISBN:
9780191744570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639526.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History, Cultural History

The chapter begins by discussing evidence for the manufacture of Scandinavian and Anglo‐Scandinavian jewellery in England. Evidence for the production of Scandinavian objects is absent, suggesting ... More


Cradle To Grave: Anole Life History and Population Biology

Jonathan B. Losos

in Lizards in an Evolutionary Tree: Ecology and Adaptive Radiation of Anoles

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520255913
eISBN:
9780520943735
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520255913.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter reviews the basic aspects of anole population biology and life history and the role of anoles in the ecosystem, discussing reproduction, growth, dispersal, life span and survival rates, ... More


Epilogue

Ad Vingerhoets

in Why Only Humans Weep: Unravelling the mysteries of tears

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780198570240
eISBN:
9780191744723
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570240.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

This chapter summarizes the main conclusions of the book and present a preliminary model of how crying (much similar music) has developed during the evolution of mankind and has expanded to social ... More


Who Wants to Live Forever?

Nicholas Agar

in Humanity's End: Why We Should Reject Radical Enhancement

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014625
eISBN:
9780262289122
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014625.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter argues that the experience of negligible senescence is generally stranger than de Grey would have us believe. It is not simply more of the same, where “the same” picks out the best parts ... More


How Our Days Became Numbered: Risk and the Rise of the Statistical Individual

Dan Bouk

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226259178
eISBN:
9780226259208
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226259208.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This book asks how the lives of individual Americans came to be understood through the statistical lens of risk between the Panic of 1873 and the Great Depression. It finds the answer in corporate ... More


Family caregiving for older people from a life-span developmental point of view

Thomas Boll and Dieter Ferring

in Intergenerational relations: European perspectives in family and society

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9781447300984
eISBN:
9781447310921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447300984.003.0014
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

Family members are the most important informal carers for older people. Past research has primarily focused on caregiver burden and its detrimental impact on family carers’ health. More recent ... More


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