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Organizational and Institutional Genesis: The Emergence of High-Tech Clusters in the Life Sciences

Walter W. Powell, Kelley Packalen, and Kjersten Whittington

in The Emergence of Organizations and Markets

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148670
eISBN:
9781400845552
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148670.003.0014
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

This chapter examines eleven regions in the United States in the 1980s and 1990s that were all rich in resources—ideas, money, and skills—which might have led to the formation of life sciences ... More


Sounding the Limits of Life: Essays in the Anthropology of Biology and Beyond

Stefan Helmreich

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691164809
eISBN:
9781400873869
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691164809.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

What is life? What is water? What is sound? This book investigates how contemporary scientists—biologists, oceanographers, and audio engineers—are redefining these crucial concepts. Life, water, and ... More


An Open Elite: Arbiters, Catalysts, or Gatekeepers in the Dynamics of Industry Evolution?

Walter W. Powell and Jason Owen-Smith

in The Emergence of Organizations and Markets

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148670
eISBN:
9781400845552
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148670.003.0015
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

This chapter follows the trajectory of the life sciences into the present day, focusing on the larger question of industry or field evolution. In a field characterized by “gales of creative ... More


Meeting at Grand Central

Lee Cronk and Beth L. Leech

in Meeting at Grand Central: Understanding the Social and Evolutionary Roots of Cooperation

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154954
eISBN:
9781400845484
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154954.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter summarizes the book's findings regarding cooperation, coordination, and collective action as well as adaptation and the role that organizations play in fostering cooperation. It first ... More


Medicine and the Life Sciences

Jon McGinnis

in Avicenna

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195331479
eISBN:
9780199868032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331479.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter first considers where Avicenna envisions medicine within his general classification of the sciences. It next presents the general principles of the humoral medicine that Avicenna adopts, ... More


Buddhism and the Modern Epistemic Space: Buddhist Intellectuals in the Science and Philosophy of Life Debates

Erik J. Hammerstrom

in Recovering Buddhism in Modern China

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780231172769
eISBN:
9780231541107
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231172769.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

Erik Hammerstrom’s chapter examines the participation of Buddhist intellectuals in the early 1920s “Science and Philosophy of Life” debates; he shows how Buddhist intellectuals adopted and promoted ... More


Divine Machines: Leibniz and the Sciences of Life

Justin E. H. Smith

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691141787
eISBN:
9781400838721
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691141787.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Though it did not yet exist as a discrete field of scientific inquiry, biology was at the heart of many of the most important debates in seventeenth-century philosophy. Nowhere is this more apparent ... More


On Time, Being, and Hunger: Challenging the Traditional Way of Thinking Life

Juan Manuel Garrido

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780823239351
eISBN:
9780823239399
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823239351.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The unprecedented proliferation of discourses and techniques concerning the living being has left philosophy in a stupefying situation. We no longer know what phenomenon deserves to be called “life,” ... More


The Historical Context

Erik J. Hammerstrom

in The Science of Chinese Buddhism: Early Twentieth-Century Engagements

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780231170345
eISBN:
9780231539586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231170345.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

The book argues that the most important period for Chinese Buddhists engagement with modern science occurred in the ten years between 1923 and 1932. This chapter lays out the historical context for ... More


Epilogue

C. U. M. Smith, Eugenio Frixione, Stanley Finger, and William Clower

in The Animal Spirit Doctrine and the Origins of Neurophysiology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199766499
eISBN:
9780199950263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199766499.003.0016
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter summarizes important points that have been made in this book on the emergence of the animal spirit paradigm, its development, and how it was replaced by the notion of electricity. It ... More


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