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Medicine and the Life Sciences

Jon McGinnis

in Avicenna

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195331479
eISBN:
9780199868032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331479.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter first considers where Avicenna envisions medicine within his general classification of the sciences. It next presents the general principles of the humoral medicine that Avicenna adopts, ... More


Buddhism and the Modern Epistemic Space: Buddhist Intellectuals in the Science and Philosophy of Life Debates

Erik J. Hammerstrom

in Recovering Buddhism in Modern China

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780231172769
eISBN:
9780231541107
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231172769.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

Erik Hammerstrom’s chapter examines the participation of Buddhist intellectuals in the early 1920s “Science and Philosophy of Life” debates; he shows how Buddhist intellectuals adopted and promoted ... More


On Time, Being, and Hunger: Challenging the Traditional Way of Thinking Life

Juan Manuel Garrido

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780823239351
eISBN:
9780823239399
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823239351.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The unprecedented proliferation of discourses and techniques concerning the living being has left philosophy in a stupefying situation. We no longer know what phenomenon deserves to be called “life,” ... More


Epilogue

C. U. M. Smith, Eugenio Frixione, Stanley Finger, and William Clower

in The Animal Spirit Doctrine and the Origins of Neurophysiology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199766499
eISBN:
9780199950263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199766499.003.0016
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter summarizes important points that have been made in this book on the emergence of the animal spirit paradigm, its development, and how it was replaced by the notion of electricity. It ... More


The Historical Context

Erik J. Hammerstrom

in The Science of Chinese Buddhism: Early Twentieth-Century Engagements

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780231170345
eISBN:
9780231539586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231170345.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

The book argues that the most important period for Chinese Buddhists engagement with modern science occurred in the ten years between 1923 and 1932. This chapter lays out the historical context for ... More


Introduction

Juan Manuel Garrido

in On Time, Being, and Hunger: Challenging the Traditional Way of Thinking Life

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780823239351
eISBN:
9780823239399
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823239351.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This introductory chapter explains the main goal of this book: to define a traditional way of thinking life and to render plausible and relevant the task of carrying out a critical enquiry concerning ... More


Finding the Endless Frontier: Lessons from the Life Sciences Innovation System for Energy R&D

Iain M. Cockburn, Scott Stern, and Jack Zausner

in Accelerating Energy Innovation: Insights from Multiple Sectors

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226326832
eISBN:
9780226326856
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226326856.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter reviews the roots of innovation in life sciences, an industry that has been the second-largest recipient of federal research funding (after defense), and which is justly celebrated for ... More


Naked Genes: Reinventing the Human in the Molecular Age

Helga Nowotny and Giuseppe Testa

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262014939
eISBN:
9780262295802
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014939.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This book charts the mutual reconfiguration between scientific and social innovations in and around the molecular life sciences. Today’s biology is making visible what was once invisible. It parses ... More


German–Soviet Medical Collaboration

Paul Julian Weindling

in Epidemics and Genocide in Eastern Europe, 1890–1945

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206910
eISBN:
9780191677373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206910.003.0033
Subject:
History, European Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

By the mid-1920s, scientific cooperation replaced Germany's medical assistance to Russia: defending German racial stocks from the ravages of epidemics and famine gave way to futuristic schemes of ... More


Eight

Juan Manuel Garrido

in On Time, Being, and Hunger: Challenging the Traditional Way of Thinking Life

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780823239351
eISBN:
9780823239399
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823239351.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter analyzes a second figure under which the deconstruction of the traditional way of thinking life is engaged. “Today, biologists no longer study life in laboratories,” François Jacob ... More


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