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Foreword: Toward an Era of Longevity and Wealth

Robert W. Fogel

in Lessons from Pension Reform in the Americas

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199226801
eISBN:
9780191710285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226801.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Pensions and Pension Management

This foreword provides an overview of demographic development during the past three centuries, as life expectancy and per-capita growth of GDP have increased dramatically. Due to the intense ... More


Recalibrating Retirement Spending and Saving

John Ameriks and Olivia S. Mitchell (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199549108
eISBN:
9780191720734
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199549108.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Pensions and Pension Management

As Baby Boomers are now in their 60s, policymaker and media attention is becoming focused on how this generation will manage during its long period in retirement. This book acknowledges that many, ... More


Global Life Expectancies and International Justice: A Reemergence of the Duty to Die?

Margaret Pabst Battin

in Ending Life: Ethics and the Way We Die

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195140279
eISBN:
9780199850280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195140279.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Is there a duty to die? This inflammatory question, often originally attributed to then-Governor of Colorado Richard Lamm, was being explored some years ago within the context of American health ... More


Social Inequalities in Health: New evidence and policy implications

Johannes Siegrist and Michael Marmot (eds)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198568162
eISBN:
9780191724107
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568162.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Health inequalities according to people's social standing are persisting, or even growing, in modern societies. Recent decades have revealed evidence of strong variations in life expectancy, both ... More


Current global health status

Colin D Mathers and Ruth Bonita

in Global Public Health: A New Era

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199236626
eISBN:
9780191724053
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199236626.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter provides an overview of the global health status and highlights the importance of capturing, with a range of new measures, the health transformations that are taking place in the context ... More


Future Mortality in Low Mortality Countries

Graziella Caselli, Sven Drefahl, Christian Wegner-Siegmundt, and Marc Luy

in World Population and Human Capital in the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780198703167
eISBN:
9780191772467
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198703167.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Chapter 5 provides an overview of past and expected future trends in life expectancy in populations of today’s low mortality countries. Because these populations previously experienced strong ... More


Social Security Reform

Peter A. Diamond

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199247899
eISBN:
9780191697692
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199247899.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics, Public and Welfare

Social security systems are being reviewed and changed in many countries around the world. This book considers some of the key policy issues for design of a social security reform, as well as ... More


The Mortality Consequences of the Transition to Market Economy in Latvia, 1991–1995

Juris Krumins and Uldis Usackis

in The Mortality Crisis in Transitional Economies

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198297413
eISBN:
9780191685347
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297413.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

During the 19th and 20th centuries, Latvia — as well as its neighbouring countries of Estonia and Lithuania forming the Baltic States — enjoyed a remarkable healthcare system resulting in a life ... More


The Transition Mortality Crisis: Evidence, Interpretation and Policy Responses  

Giovanni Andrea Cornia and Renato Paniccià

in The Mortality Crisis in Transitional Economies

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198297413
eISBN:
9780191685347
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297413.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The study focuses on the behavior of mortality rates of fourteen countries in Eastern and Central Europe during the transition period. Mortality rates differ from country to country: the Czech ... More


Sketching the Rise of Real Inequality in Early Modern Europe

Philip T. Hoffman, David S. Jacks, Patricia A. Levin, and Peter H. Lindert

in Living Standards in the Past: New Perspectives on Well-Being in Asia and Europe

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199280681
eISBN:
9780191602467
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199280681.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

The concept of real, as opposed to nominal or conventional, income inequality reveals pronounced inequality movements, because relative prices happened to move very differently for the poor and the ... More


Transitory vs. Permanent Demographic Shocks: From Ageing to Longevity

Brigitte Dormont, Joaquim Oliveira Martins, Florian Pelgrin, and Marc Suhrcke

in Ageing, Health, and Productivity: The Economics of Increased Life Expectancy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199587131
eISBN:
9780191595370
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587131.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Public and Welfare

This chapter deals with demographic facts. Ageing trends are the result of two different and contrasted phenomena: the change from a high to a low fertility regime and the increase in longevity. The ... More


Managing Retirement Payouts: Positioning, Investing, and Spending Assets

John Ameriks and Olivia S. Mitchell

in Recalibrating Retirement Spending and Saving

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199549108
eISBN:
9780191720734
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199549108.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Pensions and Pension Management

As Baby Boomers move into their 60s, they are focusing policymaker and media attention on how their generation will manage the retirement phase of their lifetime. This book acknowledges that many, ... More


Clinical Trials and Our Health

Curtis L. Meinert

in An Insider’s Guide to Clinical Trials

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199742967
eISBN:
9780199897278
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199742967.003.0022
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter discusses the increase in life expectancy in the U.S. since the 1900s. There is benefit from information generated from trials, irrespective of participation in them. This argues for a ... More


Complex Decision Problems

Diana B. Petitti

in Meta-Analysis, Decision Analysis, and Cost-Effectiveness Analysis

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195133646
eISBN:
9780199863761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133646.003.09
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes how to build and analyze decision trees with more than two alternative interventions, more that two outcomes, or both. Life expectancy is often the outcome measure in decision ... More


Population

Jan‐Erik Lane, David McKay, and Kenneth Newton

in Political Data Handbook: OECD Countries

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780198280538
eISBN:
9780191601934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019828053X.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Reference

This section presents population data on OECD countries. It features tables on mid-year estimates, population growth, population density, age structure, birth rate, life expectancy, infant mortality ... More


The Population History of Medieval English Villages: A Debate on the Use of Manor Court Records

L. R. POOS, ZVI RAZI, and RICHARD M. SMITH

in Medieval Society and the Manor Court

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198201908
eISBN:
9780191675065
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201908.003.0010
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History, Social History

This chapter addresses the presumption that the scope of manorial courts' jurisdiction over medieval village society was so comprehensive that counts of individuals appearing in court transactions ... More


Epidemiology and world health

Colin Mathers

in The Development of Modern Epidemiology: Personal reports from those who were there

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198569541
eISBN:
9780191724077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569541.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter examines major developments in summarizing population health over the last thirty years, focusing on developments in global descriptive epidemiology, on the global burden of disease ... More


Understanding the Improvement in Disability-Free Life Expectancy in the US Elderly Population

Michael Chernew, David M. Cutler, Kaushik Ghosh, Mary Beth Landrum, and Jonathan Skinner

in Insights in the Economics of Aging

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780226426679
eISBN:
9780226426709
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226426709.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Understanding how healthy lifespans are changing is essential for public policy. This paper explores changes in healthy lifespan in the U.S. over time and considers reasons for the changes. We reach ... More


A Disaggregated Analysis of the Impact of War on Health

in War and the Health of Nations

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804758819
eISBN:
9780804773706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804758819.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter, which examines the war-and-health relationship from 1960 to 1999 using disaggregated measures of health achievement, investigates the effects of conflict on fertility rates, infant ... More


Why the United States Is Not Number One in Health

Ichiro Kawachi

in Healthy, Wealthy, and Fair: Health Care and the Good Society

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195170665
eISBN:
9780199850204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195170665.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter outlines the possible explanations of why the United States' health status ranks near the bottom among the 13 most economically advanced countries in the world. First, the American ... More


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