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The life cycle and its evolution

Alessandro Minelli

in Perspectives in Animal Phylogeny and Evolution

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780198566205
eISBN:
9780191713866
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566205.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

To some extent, the evolution of multicellular organisms such as metazoans is the evolution of their cells, whose prototypical characters are frequently abandoned, as with syncytia or as a ... More


Population dynamics

D. Dudley Williams

in The Biology of Temporary Waters

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198528128
eISBN:
9780191713538
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528128.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter highlights the seasonality of temporary waters and how this relates to variability in the life cycles of their inhabitants, leading to discussion of phenotypic and genotypic solutions. ... More


The Influence of Dutch and EU Government Policies on Philips' Information Technology Product Strategy

Jan van den Ende, Nachoem Wijanberg, and Albert Meijer

in Information Technology Policy: An International History

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199241057
eISBN:
9780191714290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241057.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

This chapter focuses on the IT policies of the Dutch and European governments in the period from 1960 to 1980. The success of different government policies and instruments is evaluated against the ... More


Political Participation over the Life Cycle

Kay Lehman Schlozman, Sidney Verba, and Henry E. Brady

in The Unheavenly Chorus: Unequal Political Voice and the Broken Promise of American Democracy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154848
eISBN:
9781400841912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154848.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter considers the disparities in political activity on the basis of age and what their implications for the representation of the opinions, concerns, and needs of all are. It attempts, in ... More


Business in the Regions: From ‘Old’ Districts to ‘New’ Clusters?

Andrew Popp and John Wilson

in Business in Britain in the Twentieth Century: Decline and Renaissance?

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199226009
eISBN:
9780191710315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226009.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter adopts a long run perspective to survey the place of the regions in the British economy over the last 250 years; from the ‘old’ industrial districts of the first industrial revolution to ... More


Dynamics of marine ecosystems: ecological processes

Coleen L. Moloney, Astrid Jarre, Shingo Kimura, David L. Mackas, Olivier Maury, Eugene J. Murphy, William T. Peterson, Jeffrey A. Runge, and Kazuaki Tadokoro

in Marine Ecosystems and Global Change

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199558025
eISBN:
9780191721939
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558025.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Aquatic Biology

GLOBEC studies focused on biological—physical interactions of target species in different study regions, emphasizing responses of organisms to varying physical forces. Population‐level processes were ... More


Perspectives in Animal Phylogeny and Evolution

Alessandro Minelli

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780198566205
eISBN:
9780191713866
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566205.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Animal phylogeny is currently undergoing a major revolution due to the availability of an exponentially increasing amount of molecular data and the application of novel methods of phylogenetic ... More


Life Cycle Ecophysiology of Osmia Mason Bees Used as Crop Pollinators

Jordi Bosch, Fabio Sgolastra, and William P. Kemp

in Bee Pollination in Agricultural Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195316957
eISBN:
9780199871575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195316957.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Several solitary bee species in the genus Osmia have been studied as potential pollinators of fruit trees and other early-blooming crops. Methods to manage large populations in agro-ecosystems have ... More


Food webs and parasites in a salt marsh ecosystem

Kevin D. Lafferty, Ryan F. Hechinger, Jenny C. Shaw, Kathleen Whitney, and Armand M. Kuris

in Disease Ecology: Community structure and pathogen dynamics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567080
eISBN:
9780191717871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567080.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

Salt marshes provide a model ecosystem for analyzing the role of parasites in community dynamics. These habitats include an abundant and diverse community of trematode parasites which have complex ... More


Cross‐Cohort Differences in Health on the Verge of Retirement

Joyce Manchester, David Weaver, and Kevin Whitman

in Redefining Retirement: How Will Boomers Fare?

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199230778
eISBN:
9780191710971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230778.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Pensions and Pension Management

This chapter focuses on how Baby Boomers compare to prior groups on the verge of retirement. Specifically, it evaluates the stock of health which Early Boomers bring to retirement and compares it to ... More


Risk modelling and measurement

Tony Van Gestel and Bart Baesens

in Credit Risk Management: Basic Concepts: Financial Risk Components, Rating Analysis, Models, Economic and Regulatory Capital

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199545117
eISBN:
9780191720147
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199545117.003.0004
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics, Mathematical Finance

This chapter highlights the conceptual aspects of a rating system without focusing on mathematical and technical aspects. An overview is provided of the different aspects of risk measurement and ... More


Investing Over the Life Cycle

John Y. Campbell and Luis M. Viceira

in Strategic Asset Allocation: Portfolio Choice for Long-Term Investors

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296942
eISBN:
9780191596049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296940.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter uses a life‐cycle model calibrated to microeconomic US data to examine financial asset allocation strategies of working households saving for retirement. For typical US households with ... More


States and Social Movements: Conclusions

John S. Dryzek, David Downes, Christian Hunold, David Schlosberg, and Hans‐Kristian Hernes

in Green States and Social Movements: Environmentalism in the United States, United Kingdom, Germany, and Norway

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199249022
eISBN:
9780191599095
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199249024.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

States and social movements cannot escape one another, and the outcomes of their interaction give shape to the political world. The state continues to be important in providing a large part of the ... More


The Generation and Distribution of Wealth

Tsuneo Ishikawa

in Income and Wealth

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288626
eISBN:
9780191596469
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019828862X.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter discusses the basic determinants of the generation of wealth and its distribution across households; it has four sections. Section 7.1 considers the life cycle motive as a basis of ... More


Noncalendrical Festivals: Life Cycles and Power

Teofilo F. Ruiz

in A King Travels: Festive Traditions in Late Medieval and Early Modern Spain

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153575
eISBN:
9781400842247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153575.003.0009
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter discusses noncalendrical celebrations, that is, those high moments in the life cycle—birth, coming of age, coronation, marriage, and death—and the celebratory, almost ritualized, aspects ... More


The Meaning of Festivals: A Typology

Teofilo F. Ruiz

in A King Travels: Festive Traditions in Late Medieval and Early Modern Spain

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153575
eISBN:
9781400842247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153575.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter presents a typology of the diversity of ludic events, their origins, and evolution in late medieval and early modern Spain. There has long been an argument that Spanish festivals, ... More


Environmental management accounting

Kazbi Soonawalla

in Contemporary Issues in Management Accounting

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199283361
eISBN:
9780191712623
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199283361.003.0017
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter discusses the emergence of the environmental movement within the context of corporate responsibility and sustainability management, focusing on the development of environmental ... More


Viral Life History Traits

Joshua S. Weitz

in Quantitative Viral Ecology: Dynamics of Viruses and Their Microbial Hosts

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161549
eISBN:
9781400873968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161549.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter discusses a number of key commonalities and differences among viral life history traits. Viruses have two key life history stages: inside and outside a host cell. Viral infections of ... More


Organizational Development and Risk Factors

Maureen Duffy and Len Sperry

in Mobbing: Causes, Consequences, and Solutions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195380019
eISBN:
9780199932764
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380019.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

In this chapter, mobbing-proneness within organizations is examined through the perspective of the organizational life cycle. Examining the organizational life cycle is offered as an additional means ... More


Family Life Cycle and Consumption

Jane Whittle and Elizabeth Griffiths

in Consumption and Gender in the Early Seventeenth-Century Household: The World of Alice Le Strange

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199233533
eISBN:
9780191739330
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233533.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

The survival of the Le Stranges’ household accounts for a run of almost fifty years from 1606 to 1654 allows consumption to be observed across the family’s life cycle, from soon after marriage to the ... More


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