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Political Obligations

George Klosko

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199256204
eISBN:
9780191602351
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256209.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Provides a full defence of a theory of political obligation on the basis of the principle of fairness (or fair play). The book responds to the most important objections and extends a theory-based on ... More


Conclusion

Daniel Butt

in Rectifying International Injustice: Principles of Compensation and Restitution Between Nations

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199218240
eISBN:
9780191711589
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199218240.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, International Relations and Politics

The conclusion of the book reviews the three forms of morally relevant forms of connection with historic injustice, based on benefit, on the inheritance of entitlement, and on an ongoing failure to ... More


Mr. Morgan's Yacht

Jeremy Waldron

in The Egalitarian Conscience: Essays in Honour of G. A. Cohen

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199281688
eISBN:
9780191603747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199281688.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This essay takes up Cohen’s inquiry into freedom and property. It celebrates his evocative example for its illustration of how property restricts the freedom of the majority for the sake of the ... More


Anselm on Freedom

Katherin Rogers

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199231676
eISBN:
9780191716089
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231676.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, General

Anselm is the first Christian philosopher to defend a libertarian analysis of created freedom. In doing so he proposes viable answers to perennial questions in the philosophy of religion: If God ... More


Traditional Criteria of Tax Equity

Liam Murphy and Thomas Nagel

in The Myth of Ownership: Taxes and Justice

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195150162
eISBN:
9780199833924
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195150163.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Traditional analyses of tax justice demand that the distribution of tax burdens satisfy criteria of vertical and horizontal equity–like cases should be treated alike and relevantly different cases ... More


Libertarianism without Inequality

Michael Otsuka

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199243952
eISBN:
9780191598142
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199243956.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The aim of this book is to vindicate left‐libertarianism, a political philosophy which combines stringent rights of control over one's own mind, body, and life with egalitarian rights of ownership of ... More


Autonomous Agents: From Self-Control to Autonomy

Alfred R. Mele

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195150438
eISBN:
9780199869091
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195150430.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Explores the related topics of self‐control and personal autonomy. Self‐control is understood as the contrary of akrasia or weakness of will, and autonomy is placed in the family of metaphysical ... More


Introduction

Daniel Butt

in Rectifying International Injustice: Principles of Compensation and Restitution Between Nations

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199218240
eISBN:
9780191711589
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199218240.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, International Relations and Politics

This introductory chapter outlines the empirical context of the debate over reparations for historic international injustice, with particular reference to colonialism and the slave trade. It ... More


Restitution and Inheritance

Daniel Butt

in Rectifying International Injustice: Principles of Compensation and Restitution Between Nations

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199218240
eISBN:
9780191711589
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199218240.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, International Relations and Politics

This chapter focuses on the claim that present day parties have inherited entitlements to property which, owing to historic injustice, is currently in the possession of others. Those who advocate ... More


Kant and Welfare

Alexander Kaufman

in Welfare in the Kantian State

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294672
eISBN:
9780191599637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294670.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Two formal arguments in favour of the traditional (libertarian) interpretation of Kant's political thought remain influential. The first argument asserts that Kant's metaphysical principles of right ... More


Happiness and Welfare

Alexander Kaufman

in Welfare in the Kantian State

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294672
eISBN:
9780191599637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294670.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Many scholars view Kant's explicit rejection of the principle of ’welfare’, as a basis for legislation, as decisive in favour of the traditional (libertarian) interpretation of Kant's political ... More


 Intellectual Property: Balancing Public and Private Interests

David B. Resnik

in The Price of Truth: How Money Affects the Norms of Science

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195309782
eISBN:
9780199871285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309782.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter describes three types of intellectual property that have an impact on research and development: patents, copyrights, and trade secrets. It examines several views of the intellectual ... More


The ‘Grand Projects’ Of Liberalism

Michael Freeden

in Ideologies and Political Theory: A Conceptual Approach

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294146
eISBN:
9780191599323
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829414X.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

From the vantage point of the end of the twentieth century, the author has selected four case‐studies of clusters of thought claiming to be liberal, in order to perform the twofold task of assembling ... More


Mistaken Identities and Other Anomalies: The Liberal Pretenders

Michael Freeden

in Ideologies and Political Theory: A Conceptual Approach

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294146
eISBN:
9780191599323
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829414X.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The last three chapters have examined a number of examples of liberal ideology, including an American version, which contains considerable departures from what has normally been identified as ... More


Gauthier and the Full‐Knowledge Contract

Margaret Moore

in Foundations of Liberalism

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198273851
eISBN:
9780191599934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198273851.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Gauthier and the Full‐knowledge Contract. This chapter examines Gauthier's Morals by Agreement, which generates principles of justice from the starting point of the individual agent as ... More


Status Tensions

Etienne Schweisguth

in The Impact of Values

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294757
eISBN:
9780191599040
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294751.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The central hypothesis of this chapter is that members of the middle class are conservative on socio‐economic issues but progressive on cultural issues, whereas members of the working class are ... More


The Case for Choice

Harry Brighouse

in School Choice and Social Justice

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257874
eISBN:
9780191598845
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257876.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Describes the main kinds of school choice: public school choice, charter schools, and school vouchers. It looks at a series of arguments for school choice reforms, including Milton Friedman's ... More


Objections to Educational Equality

Harry Brighouse

in School Choice and Social Justice

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257874
eISBN:
9780191598845
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257876.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Responds to a series of objections to the principle of educational equality, including the argument from elitism, the argument from the value of the family, libertarian arguments that reject ... More


Introduction

David Miller

in Market, State, and Community: Theoretical Foundations of Market Socialism

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198278641
eISBN:
9780191599903
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198278640.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Market socialism is an alternative both to the free‐market thinking of the libertarian Right and to the statist thinking of many socialists. It aims to combine the freedom and efficiency advantages ... More


Freedom

David Miller

in Market, State, and Community: Theoretical Foundations of Market Socialism

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198278641
eISBN:
9780191599903
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198278640.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Libertarians defend a narrow version of negative freedom. Hayek defines freedom as the absence of coercion, but this position is shown to be untenable. A more common view is that laws and other such ... More


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