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The Category of Case

John M. Anderson

in Modern Grammars of Case

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199297078
eISBN:
9780191711404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297078.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter identifies semantic relations as members of a functional category, functor, like finiteness and determination. Each of these functional categories may be manifested as an independent ... More


Outline of a notional grammar

John M. Anderson

in The Substance of Language Volume I: The Domain of Syntax

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199608317
eISBN:
9780191732034
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608317.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Phonetics / Phonology

The notional grammar described here accepts the extralinguistic groundedness of both syntactic categories and the structures that they project in terms of their valency/subcategorization. The ... More


The lexical entry

Andrew Spencer

in Lexical Relatedness

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199679928
eISBN:
9780191761508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199679928.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Theoretical Linguistics

In this chapter, the lexeme is characterized as an entry in a relational database defined in terms of four attributes: FORM, SYNTAX, SEMANTICS, and a LEXEMIC INDEX, which functions as a kind of ... More


Words and their behaviour

John R Taylor

in The Mental Corpus: How language is represented in the mind

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199290802
eISBN:
9780191741388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199290802.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

The generative model requires that words are assigned to lexical categories and that members of a category are of equal status vis-à‐vis syntactic rules. On the basis of several examples, it is ... More


Categorial Mismatches in the Syntax and the Lexicon: Evidence from Language Contact Research

Pieter Muysken

in Grammatical Theory and Bilingual Codeswitching

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262027892
eISBN:
9780262320351
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027892.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter explores mismatches between syntactic and lexical categories, adducing evidence from Creole land Amerindian languages, with a case study of Popoloca de Mezontla. Core lexical features ... More


Meaning and category: Semantic constraints on parts of speech

Itamar Francez and Andrew Koontz-Garboden

in Semantics and Morphosyntactic Variation: Qualities and the Grammar of Property Concepts

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780198744580
eISBN:
9780191805837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198744580.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Syntax and Morphology

Taking the Lexical Semantic Variation Hypothesis and the well-known fact that property concept lexemes vary in lexical category as the points of departure, it is considered whether there is any ... More


Semantics and Morphosyntactic Variation: Qualities and the Grammar of Property Concepts

Itamar Francez and Andrew Koontz-Garboden

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780198744580
eISBN:
9780191805837
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198744580.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Syntax and Morphology

Systematic variation in form between semantic equivalents across languages is a key explanandum of linguistic theory. Two contrasting views of the role of lexical semantics in the analysis of such ... More


Derivation and categorization in flexible and differentiated languages

Jan Don and Eva van Lier

in Flexible Word Classes: Typological studies of underspecified parts of speech

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199668441
eISBN:
9780191748707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199668441.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Language Families

Don and Van Lier focus on Evans and Osada’s criterion of semantic compositionality: What is the interpretation of formally identical lexemes in different syntactic contexts, and what implications ... More


What Kinds of Syntactic Phenomena Must Biologists, Neurobiologists, and Computer Scientists Try to Explain and Replicate?

Tallerman Maggie, Newmeyer Frederick, Bickerton Derek, Bouchard Denis, Kaan Edith, and Rizzi Luigi

in Biological Foundations and Origin of Syntax

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013567
eISBN:
9780262258586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013567.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter focuses on research dealing with syntactic phenomena as well as the biological foundations and origin of syntax. It first outlines the main building blocks of syntax, starting with ... More


Verbs and Nouns in Chol

Jessica Coon

in Aspects of Split Ergativity

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199858743
eISBN:
9780199367672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199858743.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter begins with an investigation into Chol's Split-S system, where it observes that stems that subcategorize for internal complements (transitives, unaccusatives, and passives) may inflect ... More


Conclusion

Itamar Francez and Andrew Koontz-Garboden

in Semantics and Morphosyntactic Variation: Qualities and the Grammar of Property Concepts

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780198744580
eISBN:
9780191805837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198744580.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Syntax and Morphology

This concluding chapter highlighting outstanding issues related to its main topics, among these the notion of translational equivalence; the uniformity/transparency debate in the explanation of ... More


Arguments as Relations

John Bowers

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014311
eISBN:
9780262289252
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014311.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This book proposes a radically new approach to argument structure that has the potential to unify data from a wide range of different language types in terms of a simple and universal syntactic ... More


Jack of all trades: the Sri Lanka Malay flexible adjective

Sebastian Nordhoff

in Flexible Word Classes: Typological studies of underspecified parts of speech

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199668441
eISBN:
9780191748707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199668441.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Language Families

Nordhoff’s chapter presents the parts-of-speech system of Sri Lanka Malay, which consists of verbs, nouns, and adjectives, and argues that the latter are fully flexible parts of speech, which can be ... More


Conclusion

Isabelle Roy

in Nonverbal Predication: Copular Sentences at the Syntax-Semantics Interface

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199543540
eISBN:
9780191747151
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199543540.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter presents the conclusion, summarizing the proposal that nonverbal predicates in direct predicative uses exhibit a three-way distinction between dense, non-dense, and maximal predicates. ... More


Agreement domains and targets

Oliver Bond and Marina Chumakina

in Archi: Complexities of Agreement in Cross-Theoretical Perspective

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780198747291
eISBN:
9780191809705
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198747291.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Language Families

There are two distinct syntactic agreement domains in Archi, the noun phrase and the clause, each presenting different challenges for an account of the mechanisms underlying their behaviour. Within ... More


Spanish multiple be

Isabelle Roy

in Nonverbal Predication: Copular Sentences at the Syntax-Semantics Interface

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199543540
eISBN:
9780191747151
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199543540.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter extends to Spanish the conclusions drawn from French and Russian, and proposes a novel view on the distribution of the two copulas ser/estar based on categorical selection, rather than ... More


The case of the Russian copula

Isabelle Roy

in Nonverbal Predication: Copular Sentences at the Syntax-Semantics Interface

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199543540
eISBN:
9780191747151
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199543540.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter shows how the proposed analysis can account for apparently unrelated phenomena in Russian, namely the morphological (short or long) form of the predicate and case assignment with respect ... More


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