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Application to Lesion Studies

Hanna Damasio

in Human Brain Anatomy in Computerized Images

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195165616
eISBN:
9780199864041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165616.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter gives a demonstration of how different incidences of scanning modify the anatomical appreciation of structural brain lesions. Examples include lesions in left parietal, left calcarine, ... More


Introduction

Nigel Daw

in How Vision Works: The Physiological Mechanisms Behind What We See

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199751617
eISBN:
9780199932375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751617.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

The human visual system consists of a system for inspecting objects, starting with the fovea in the retina, and a system for noticing which objects should be inspected, and directing the eyes to look ... More


Oral Care in Advanced Disease

Andrew Davies and Ilora Finlay (eds)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192632432
eISBN:
9780191730375
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192632432.001.0001
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

Lesions of the oral cavity have an enormous impact on the quality of life of patients with advanced disease. They cause considerable morbidity and diminish a patient's physical and psychological well ... More


Reprogramming the motor cortex for functional recovery after neonatal or adult unilateral lesion of the corticospinal system in the macaque monkey

E. M. Rouiller, T. Wannier, E. Schmidlin, and Y. Liu

in Reprogramming the Cerebral Cortex: Plasticity following central and peripheral lesions

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198528999
eISBN:
9780191723926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528999.003.0017
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter describes the mechanisms underlying reprogramming of the motor cortex in order to rehabilitate some motor control after a lesion affecting the central nervous system, namely the cerebral ... More


The Parahippocampal Region: Organization and Role in Cognitive Function

Menno Witter and Floris Wouterlood (eds)

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198509172
eISBN:
9780191724626
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509172.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Advances in imaging technologies have enabled researchers to build on the evidence obtained from lesion and behavioural studies to propose a range of functions for the parahippocampal region. It is ... More


The Neurocognition of Language

Colin M. Brown and Peter Hagoort (eds)

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198507932
eISBN:
9780191687242
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507932.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This book brings together experts on human language and the brain to present the first critical overview of the cognitive neuroscience of language, one of the fastest-moving areas today. In-depth ... More


Neural Correlates of the Cognitive Processes Underlying Reading: Evidence from Magnetic Resonance Perfusion Imaging

Argye E. Hillis

in The Neural Basis of Reading

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195300369
eISBN:
9780199863747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300369.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This chapter reviews data from a single methodology—acute functional lesion-deficit correlation—that has been used to evaluate specific hypotheses regarding the neural basis of reading. The goal of ... More


The Neuropsychology of Vision

Manfred Fahle and Mark Greenlee (eds)

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198505822
eISBN:
9780191686900
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198505822.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This book describes a range of new approaches to neuropsychological investigation and provides a broad overview of visual neuropsychology. It starts by presenting the results from new research ... More


Visual Evoked Responses

Jay A. Liveson and Dong M. Ma

in Laboratory Reference for Clinical Neurophysiology

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195129243
eISBN:
9780199847792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195129243.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

Visual evoked potentials provide a quantitative measure of the visual system. The function measured includes that of the optic nerve, through the optic chiasm and tract, to the lateral geniculate ... More


Paradoxes, projections, and perspectives of CTA research

F. Bermúdez-Rattoni, J. Bures, and T. Yamamoto

in Conditioned Taste Aversion: Memory of a Special Kind

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198523475
eISBN:
9780191712678
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523475.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

The fact that the CTA triggering stimulus is sometimes forgotten resembles Șblindsightș, when a person with postgeniculate lesion denies being able to see anything, but avoids rapidly approaching ... More


 Selection between Competing Responses Based on Conditional Rules

Michael Petrides

in Neuroscience of Rule-Guided Behavior

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195314274
eISBN:
9780199786695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314274.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

An important aspect of the control of behavior is the selection of appropriate action guided by learned conditional rules. This chapter reviews research showing that patients with unilateral frontal ... More


Imprinting and associative learning

Gabriel Horn

in Memory, Imprinting, and the Brain: An Inquiry into Mechanisms

Published in print:
1985
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198521563
eISBN:
9780191706578
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521563.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines whether lesions of the IMHV impair associative learning in chicks. Visually conspicuous objects serve (i) as unconditioned stimuli eliciting approach to visually naïve chicks; ... More


Predispositions and preferences

Gabriel Horn

in Memory, Imprinting, and the Brain: An Inquiry into Mechanisms

Published in print:
1985
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198521563
eISBN:
9780191706578
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521563.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter investigates the effects of brain lesions on imprinting; the training objects were either a rotating flashing red box or a stuffed hen jungle-fowl. In experiments, the preferences of ... More


Towards a synthesis

Gabriel Horn

in Memory, Imprinting, and the Brain: An Inquiry into Mechanisms

Published in print:
1985
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198521563
eISBN:
9780191706578
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521563.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews discussions in the preceding chapters. These include memory defects resulting from lesions of the brain, particularly the medial temporal lobe and parts of the diencephalons of ... More


Representations for actions

Marc Jeannerod

in Motor Cognition: What actions tell the self

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198569657
eISBN:
9780191720994
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569657.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter describes the elementary component of motor cognition — action representation. A historical survey of the early attempts at answering the question of the embodiment of action ... More


Damaged Self, Damaged Control: A Component Process Analysis of the Effects of Frontal Lobe Damage on Human Decision Making

Lesley K. Fellows

in Self Control in Society, Mind, and Brain

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195391381
eISBN:
9780199776894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391381.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Social Psychology

Frontal lobe damage can disrupt judgment, decision making, and self-control, often with devastating impact on the everyday life of the affected person. Studies of these phenomena can identify the ... More


Reprogramming the Cerebral Cortex: Plasticity following central and peripheral lesions

Stephen Lomber and Jos Eggermont (eds)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198528999
eISBN:
9780191723926
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528999.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

The brain has a remarkable ability to adapt in the event of damage — in many cases shifting responsibility for specific cognitive functions to other non-damaged brain regions. This ‘plasticity’ can ... More


HIV-Specific Synergies

Eileen Stillwaggon

in AIDS and the Ecology of Poverty

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195169270
eISBN:
9780199783427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195169271.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter explains the biological synergies of malnutrition, parasitic and infectious diseases, and immune response that are specific to HIV transmission, and widespread among poor populations in ... More


Neurobiology of Social Behavior

Dario Maestripieri

in Primate Neuroethology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195326598
eISBN:
9780199864904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326598.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Evolutionary Psychology

This chapter reviews current knowledge of the neurobiological regulation of affiliative, aggressive, sexual, and parental behavior in nonhuman primates. It focuses on social behavior expressed in the ... More


From associations to expectancies: orbitofrontal cortex as gateway between the limbic system and representational memory

Matthew Roesch and Geoffrey Schoenbaum

in The Orbitofrontal Cortex

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198565741
eISBN:
9780191723971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565741.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter describes the role of the rodent orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) in the control of associative information and its application to govern behavior. Recent findings support a critical role for ... More


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