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Democracy and Its Institutions

André Béteille

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198080961
eISBN:
9780199082049
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198080961.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

Democracy was inspired by the lofty ideals of the French Revolution: liberty, equality, and fraternity. These ideals led many countries to challenge the absolutist monarchies of the past. In Europe, ... More


The Making of Legal Authority: Non-legislative Codifications in Historical and Comparative Perspective

Nils Jansen

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199588763
eISBN:
9780191723315
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588763.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

Accounts of the nature of legal authority typically focus on the authority of officially sanctioned rules issued by legally recognised bodies — legislatures, courts, and regulators — that fit ... More


Semi-Presidentialism: Sub-Types And Democratic Performance

Robert Elgie

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199585984
eISBN:
9780191729003
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199585984.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This book examines the relationship between semi‐presidentialism and democratic performance. Semi‐presidentialism — where a constitution provides for both a directly elected president and a prime ... More


Democracy, Legitimacy, and the European Parliament

Roger Scully

in The State of the European Union: Risks, Reform, Resistance, and Revival

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297574
eISBN:
9780191598982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297572.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter examines the policy impact and level of support enjoyed by the European Parliament (EP). The EP has failed to secure deep-rooted support among the European public and significant sectors ... More


How Women Represent Women: Political Parties, Gender and Representation in the State Legislatures

Tracy L. Osborn

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199845347
eISBN:
9780199949397
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199845347.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

In How Women Represent Women: Political Parties, Gender and Representation in the State Legislatures, Tracy Osborn examines two avenues through which political parties fundamentally affect how women ... More


Federal Effects on Transitions in Russia's Republics

Jeffrey Kahn

in Federalism, Democratization, and the Rule of Law in Russia

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246991
eISBN:
9780191599606
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246998.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

After Yeltsin abandoned attempts to influence the course of republican transitions from authoritarianism, few republics persevered along clearly democratic paths. This chapter examines the course ... More


The Federal Reforms of Vladimir Putin

Jeffrey Kahn

in Federalism, Democratization, and the Rule of Law in Russia

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246991
eISBN:
9780191599606
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246998.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

The first year of Putin's presidency resulted in the most concerted and fundamental shake‐up of federal relations since 1993. Putin ended the bilateral treaty process and vowed to create a ... More


Gorbachev and Political Transformation

Archie Brown

in The Gorbachev Factor

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780192880529
eISBN:
9780191598876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0192880527.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

A central thesis of the book, elaborated especially in this chapter, is that from the outset of his General Secretaryship, Gorbachev was seriously interested in political change as well as in ... More


On Law, Politics, and Judicialization

Martin Shapiro and Alec Stone Sweet

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199256488
eISBN:
9780191600234
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256489.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Across the globe, the domain of the litigator and the judge has radically expanded, making it increasingly difficult for those who study comparative and international politics, public policy, and ... More


The Costs of Government

Max. M Edling

in A Revolution in Favor of Government: Origins of the U.S. Constitution and the Making of the American State

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195148701
eISBN:
9780199835096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195148703.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Presents the Antifederalist objections to a stronger national government in the “fiscal‐military” sphere, with this chapter looking closely at Antifederalist objections to the federal fiscal powers ... More


Bourgeois Representation in Political Life

Graeme Gill

in Bourgeoisie, State and Democracy: Russia, Britain, France, Germany, and the USA

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199544684
eISBN:
9780191719912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544684.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, Democratization

The integration of the new class into the political structure in Britain, France, Germany, and the USA is central to the questions that are the focus of this book. This chapter analyses the patterns ... More


Post‐Soviet Bourgeois Representation in Political Life

Graeme Gill

in Bourgeoisie, State and Democracy: Russia, Britain, France, Germany, and the USA

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199544684
eISBN:
9780191719912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544684.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, Democratization

This chapter outlines the extent of bourgeois involvement in the major political institutions of contemporary Russia: legislature, executive, political parties, civil service, local/regional ... More


Legislative Oversight: Interests and Institutions in the United States and Argentina

Scott Morgenstern and Luigi Manzetti

in Democratic Accountability in Latin America

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199256372
eISBN:
9780191602368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256373.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter examines how similar institutions in 19th century Latin America and the United States took different paths in terms of their fight against corruption and development of oversight ... More


Recruiting Women to National Legislatures: A General Framework with Applications to Post-Communist Democracies

Richard E. Matland and Kathleen A. Montgomery

in Women's Access to Political Power in Post-Communist Europe

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199246861
eISBN:
9780191601965
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246866.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter presents a general model of female legislative recruitment based on literature on established Western democracies. It argues that institutions are important in female legislative ... More


Popular Support for Electing Women in Eastern Europe

Clyde Wilcox, Beth Stark, and Sue Thomas

in Women's Access to Political Power in Post-Communist Europe

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199246861
eISBN:
9780191601965
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246866.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines the demand for women in the legislatures of post-communist Central and Eastern Europe. There is currently little demand for female legislators, with a prevailing attitude in ... More


Bulgaria

Venelin I. Ganev

in Semi-Presidentialism in Europe

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293866
eISBN:
9780191599156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293860.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The semi‐presidential regime in Bulgaria is of recent origin: it was established in July 1991, when a Great National Assembly adopted a new constitution, which proclaims that ‘Bulgaria shall be a ... More


Poland

Ania Van Der Meer Krok‐Paszkowska

in Semi-Presidentialism in Europe

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293866
eISBN:
9780191599156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293860.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The eight years of post‐communist democratic rule in Poland have been marked by a struggle between rival constitutional agendas, and although the institutional set‐up has remained the same as under ... More


Slovenia

Miro Cerar

in Semi-Presidentialism in Europe

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293866
eISBN:
9780191599156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293860.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

In Slovenia the power of the state is divided along classical lines into a legislature, an executive and a judiciary: legislative power is exercised by the parliament, comprising a National Assembly, ... More


Is the Council Becoming an Upper House?

Jeffrey Lewis

in The State of the European Union Vol. 7: With US or Against US? European Trends in American Perspective

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199283958
eISBN:
9780191603297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199283958.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The EU’s Council of Ministers increasingly resembles an upper legislative house in a bicameral system more than any international organization. But the EU still gives far more power to ... More


The Institutions of Democracy

André Béteille

in Democracy and Its Institutions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198080961
eISBN:
9780199082049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198080961.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter examines the ideals of democracy and the actual operation of its institutions in India, focusing on those political institutions that began to emerge from the middle of the nineteenth ... More


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