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Parties in Legislatures:: Two Competing Explanations

Shaun Bowler

in Parties Without Partisans: Political Change in Advanced Industrial Democracies

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199253098
eISBN:
9780191599026
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253099.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Assesses the degree to which parties still structure the legislative process. Party cohesion and party dominance within legislatures has usually been grounded in one of two explanations. One ... More


Sex Equality

Alec Stone Sweet

in The Judicial Construction of Europe

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199275533
eISBN:
9780191602009
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019927553X.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The evolution is charted, through adjudication, of the rules governing sex equality in European Community (EC) law. The first section, ‘The Normative Structure’, provides an overview of the Treaty of ... More


A Parliament that is Different? The law-Making Process in the Scottish Parliament

Alan Page

in Law Making and the Scottish Parliament: The Early Years

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748640195
eISBN:
9780748651498
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748640195.003.0016
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter focuses on the process by which laws have been made. It takes a deliberately wide view of the legislative process, looking at what happens before a Bill is introduced, when the ... More


The Constitutional and Legal Framework of Policy-Making

Peter Cane

in The Golden Metwand and the Crooked Cord: Essays in Honour of Sir William Wade QC

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198264699
eISBN:
9780191682766
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198264699.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

The relationship between law and policy is a multi-faceted and complex one. This chapter is concerned with one aspect of that relationship, namely the extent to which the policy-making process — ... More


Access

Paul Craig

in EU Administrative Law

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199568628
eISBN:
9780191739415
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199568628.003.0011
Subject:
Law, EU Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter is concerned with access. It is the natural starting point for consideration of administrative law doctrine. Any system of administrative law will have access points or gateways, which ... More


The President and Congress

Louis Fisher

in The Law of the Executive Branch: Presidential Power

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199856213
eISBN:
9780199358397
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199856213.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter examines powers that routinely call for interactions between the President and Congress. These include the legislative process, appointments, independent counsels, delegation of ... More


Governing Like Judges? *

Janet L. Hiebert

in The Legal Protection of Human Rights: Sceptical Essays

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199606078
eISBN:
9780191729720
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199606078.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter expresses a sceptical stance about the extent to which bills of rights can be crafted in such a way as to avoid the damaging consequences of strong judicial review. Research on how bills ... More


Efficiency in the House of Commons since 1997

Alexandra Kelso

in Parliamentary Reform at Westminster

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719076756
eISBN:
9781781702482
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719076756.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

The Labour Party government elected in 1997 was committed to an expansive legislative programme after almost twenty years in opposition, and was keen to ensure that the most efficient mechanisms were ... More


International Courts Altering Politics

Karen J. Alter

in The New Terrain of International Law: Courts, Politics, Rights

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154749
eISBN:
9781400848683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154749.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter discusses how governments use law to regulate the behavior of citizens. Powerful actors with the ability to influence government policy making can rule by law, using the legislative ... More


Loss of Institutional Memory and the Business of the Legislature

Kathryn A. DePalo

in The Failure of Term Limits in Florida

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780813060484
eISBN:
9780813050744
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813060484.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

What opponents feared most—a detrimental impact on the business of legislating—and the consequences of term limits on the lawmaking process is explored in chapter six. The power of leaders in the ... More


Institutional and Structural Characteristics

Eva Storskrubb

in Civil Procedure and EU Law: A Policy Area Uncovered

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199533176
eISBN:
9780191714504
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199533176.003.0004
Subject:
Law, EU Law

This chapter describes the particular institutional and structural rules of the policy area of judicial cooperation in civil matters and the consequences thereof. As a consequence of the placement of ... More


Policy analysis in the legislative body: The legislative process of the Soil and Groundwater Pollution Remediation Act in Taiwan

Tsuey-Ping Lee

in Policy analysis in Taiwan

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9781447308300
eISBN:
9781447311522
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447308300.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter aims to explore the function of policy analysis in the Legislative Yuan and examine how the results of policy analysis affect law-making processes. Since the congress reform in 1999, the ... More


Legislating Copyright in Palestine

Michael D Birnhack

in Colonial Copyright: Intellectual Property in Mandate Palestine

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199661138
eISBN:
9780191746147
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661138.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Legal History, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter traces the copyright legislative process in Palestine. A first piece of legislation was the little-known Ottoman Authors’ Rights Act 1910. When the British replaced the Ottomans, one of ... More


From Legislative Sidelining to Legislative Involvement

Federico Fabbrini

in Economic Governance in Europe: Comparative Paradoxes and Constitutional Challenges

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780198749134
eISBN:
9780191813344
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198749134.003.0006
Subject:
Law, EU Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

Chapter 5 makes the case in favor of greater legislative involvement in EMU, and argues that making the “Community method” central to the governance of EMU affairs could be a way to reduce the trend ... More


The Länder, the Bundesrat, and the legislative process in Germany and Europe

Arthur B. Gunlicks

in The Länder and German federalism

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719065323
eISBN:
9781781700464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719065323.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Germany's second chamber is unique in the world's federal systems, in that it is a federal, not a Land, organ, in which the member states are represented by their governments (that is, cabinets). ... More


Legislation and the Constitutional Framework

Eva Steiner

in French Law: A Comparative Approach

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780198790884
eISBN:
9780191833342
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198790884.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law

This chapter introduces the main constitutional institutions and mechanism governing France, taking into account the major overhaul of the 1958 Constitution in 2008. It also shows that legislation is ... More


Political processes and decision-making procedures

Christoph Knill and Duncan Liefferink

in Environmental Politics in the European Union: Policy-making, Implementation and Patterns of Multi-level Governance

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719075803
eISBN:
9781781701461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719075803.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter examines the characteristic processes and decision-making procedures involved in the development and design of European Union environmental policies, discussing the informal patterns of ... More


Congressional Ambivalence: The Political Burdens of Constitutional Authority

Jasmine Farrier

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813192628
eISBN:
9780813135496
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813192628.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Is the United States Congress dead, alive, or trapped in a moribund cycle? When confronted with controversial policy issues, members of Congress struggle to satisfy conflicting legislative, ... More


Three Strikes Comes to California

Franklin E. Zimring, Gordon Hawkins, and Sam Kamin

in Punishment and Democracy: Three Strikes and You're Out in California

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195171174
eISBN:
9780199849765
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171174.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter tells the history of the Three Strikes proposal and provides a summary of its terms. What makes the story of Three Strikes unusual in the annals of state government is that California's ... More


The Enforcement of EU Law: The Role of the European Commission

Stine Andersen

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199645442
eISBN:
9780191749582
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199645442.001.0001
Subject:
Law, EU Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

An analysis of the European Commission's general role in supervising member state compliance with EU law, this book provides a detailed assessment of centralized EU enforcement. It starts out by ... More


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