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The Policing Web

Jean-Paul Brodeur

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199740598
eISBN:
9780199866083
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199740598.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This book seeks to give a comprehensive theory of policing. To set out the background for such a theory, the diverse types of agencies involved in policing, the history of policing, and the ... More


Assisted Dying and Legal Change

Penney Lewis

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199212873
eISBN:
9780191707063
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199212873.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology, Medical Law

The question whether assisted dying (euthanasia and assisted suicide) should be legalized is often treated, by judges and commentators alike, as a question which transcends national boundaries and ... More


Values and the Marijuana Debate

Mitch Earleywine

in Pot Politics: Marijuana and the Costs of Prohibition

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195188028
eISBN:
9780199893577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188028.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Psychopharmacology

This chapter reviews some of the arguments presented in the preceding chapters. It concludes that truly valuing compassion and justice can lead us to legalize medical cannabis and remove penalties ... More


Heroin and Morphine In Advanced Cancer: First published as a letter in The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 310, no. 9 (1984), p. 599.

Cicely Saunders

in Cicely Saunders: Selected Writings 1958-2004

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198570530
eISBN:
9780191730412
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570530.003.0026
Subject:
Palliative Care, Palliative Medicine Research

This chapter presents a short letter, co-authored with Thomas Walsh, and which appeared in the New England Journal of Medicine in 1984. The background to the letter was a growing lobby within the ... More


From Realism to Legalization: A Rationalist Assessment of the International Criminal Court in the Democratic Republic of Congo

Eric K. Leonard and Steven C. Roach

in Governance, Order, and the International Criminal Court: Between Realpolitik and a Cosmopolitan Court

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199546732
eISBN:
9780191720406
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546732.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics, International Relations and Politics

Rationalist or mainstream theories focus on the causal effects and functional properties of international law. One of the central problems of explaining the effectiveness of the ICC is that not all ... More


The ‘Problem’ of Opium Smoking in Canton

Virgil K.Y. Ho

in Understanding Canton: Rethinking Popular Culture in the Republican Period

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199282715
eISBN:
9780191603037
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199282714.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Both the causes of opium consumption, and the allegedly calamitous social, political, economic, and cultural impact of opium smoking on Cantonese society were greatly exaggerated in official ... More


Gambling in Canton: Myth and Reality of a Calamity

Virgil K.Y. Ho

in Understanding Canton: Rethinking Popular Culture in the Republican Period

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199282715
eISBN:
9780191603037
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199282714.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Each successive political regime in Canton criticized its predecessor for legalizing gambling, and hence ‘poisoning’ its people with a long list of gaming-related social problems. In official ... More


Mexican Migration to the United States: The Effect of NAFTA

Philip L. Martin

in International Migration: Prospects and Policies in a Global Market

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199269006
eISBN:
9780191601309
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199269009.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

Migration has more often been the source of conflict than cooperation in Mexico‐US relations. The US accepts immigrants from and trades with many nations, but virtually all Mexican migrants head for ... More


Conclusion

Christina L. Davis

in Why Adjudicate?: Enforcing Trade Rules in the WTO

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691152752
eISBN:
9781400842513
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691152752.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This book has investigated why states use adjudication for trade disputes, showing that domestic political pressure influences trade law enforcement through legal strategies. It has also examined the ... More


Applied ethics and social problems: Moral questions of birth, society and death

Tony Fitzpatrick

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861348609
eISBN:
9781447301479
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861348609.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

Designed to address practical questions, applied ethics is one of the most exciting areas in contemporary philosophy. Yet the relevance of ethical theories to social policy has been under-explored. ... More


Legalising drugs: Debates and dilemmas

Philip Bean

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847423757
eISBN:
9781447302698
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847423757.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

Government policy has steadfastly been against drug legalisation, but increasingly critics have argued that this is unsustainable. This book is a timely examination of the issues this raises. ... More


‘Under Sufferance’: Unions Outside the Law, 1825–1866

MARK CURTHOYS

in Governments, Labour, and the Law in Mid-Victorian Britain: The Trade Union Legislation of the 1870s

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199268894
eISBN:
9780191708466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199268894.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

Legitimate combinations in Britain were conceived of in 1825 as occasional meetings of workmen to decide the level of wages for which they were willing to sell their labour. During the 1850s official ... More


Elements of a Theory of Policing

Jean‐Paul Brodeur

in The Policing Web

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199740598
eISBN:
9780199866083
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199740598.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

Chapter 4 is divided into two parts. The first is devoted to the current definition of the police by their use of force, initially formulated by Egon Bittner. This was accepted by nearly all policing ... More


International Norms and Cycles of Change

Wayne Sandholtz and Kendall Stiles

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195380088
eISBN:
9780199855377
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380088.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

International lawyers and international relations scholars recognize that international norms change over time. Practices that were once permissible and even “normal” — like slavery, conquest, and ... More


Law and Policy

Mitch Earleywine

in Understanding Marijuana: A New Look at the Scientific Evidence

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195138931
eISBN:
9780199893270
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195138931.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Psychopharmacology

This chapter begins by presenting a brief history of marijuana legislation. It then discusses arguments about prohibition, the decriminalization of cannabis, the costs of marijuana prohibition, ... More


Choice, assisted suicide and euthanasia

Fiona Randall and R. S. Downie

in End of Life Choices: Consensus and controversy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199547333
eISBN:
9780191730405
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547333.003.0010
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Palliative Medicine Research

This chapter criticizes three common arguments in favour of assisted suicide and voluntary euthanasia. These are the argument from moral equivalence in its various forms, the argument from the right ... More


Studying Desire for Death: Methodological Issues in End-of-Life Research

Russell K. Portenoy and Eduardo Bruera

in Issues in Palliative Care Research

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780195130652
eISBN:
9780199999842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195130652.003.0019
Subject:
Palliative Care, Palliative Medicine Research, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

With the growing public, political, and medical interest in physician-assisted suicide, euthanasia, and other end-of-life issues, the importance of empirical research related to end-of-life care has ... More


Current Trend towards Legitimization

Nils Melzer

in Targeted Killing in International Law

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199533169
eISBN:
9780191714511
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199533169.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter focuses on the trend towards the legitimization of targeted killing as a method of law enforcement, counter-terrorism and ‘surgical’ warfare. Topics covered include the German and Swiss ... More


The Eleven Buildings

Amy Starecheski

in Ours to Lose: When Squatters Became Homeowners in New York City

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226399805
eISBN:
9780226400006
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226400006.003.0016
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter introduces the eleven buildings that were part of the 2002 deal to legalize the squats. Some have names and public reputations, like C-Squat, internationally famous as a home for punk ... More


The Architecture of Illegal Markets: Towards an Economic Sociology of Illegality in the Economy

Jens Beckert and Matías Dewey (eds)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780198794974
eISBN:
9780191836442
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198794974.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking, International Business

From illegal drugs, stolen artwork, and forged trademarks, to fraud on financial markets—the phenomenon of illegality in market exchanges is pervasive. Illegal markets have great economic ... More


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