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Building Learning Systems

John E. Kelly and Steve Hamm

in Smart Machines: IBM's Watson and the Era of Cognitive Computing

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231168564
eISBN:
9780231537278
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231168564.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

This chapter examines machine learning systems. The development of IBM's Watson represented a major advance in the science of machine learning, a branch of artificial intelligence that focuses on ... More


Course Development: Fully Online Courses

Judith Bowman

in Online Learning in Music: Foundations, Frameworks, and Practices

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780199988174
eISBN:
9780199392919
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199988174.003.0006
Subject:
Music, History, American

This chapter offers suggestions for designing a fully online course that will accommodate students with diverse learning styles and preferences. It uses the TPACK framework as a global approach to ... More


Dealing with Uncertainty: Payment Policy for the Generation of Evidence as Part of Clinical Practice

Carol M. Ashton and Nelda P. Wray

in Comparative Effectiveness Research: Evidence, Medicine, and Policy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199968565
eISBN:
9780199346080
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199968565.003.0012
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Linking practice with evidence through payment policy will increase the value we get for the dollars we expend on medical care. But vast uncertainties exist in medicine. How should we proceed when ... More


Dueling Standards

Suzanne M. Wilson

in California Dreaming: Reforming Mathematics Education

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300094329
eISBN:
9780300127539
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300094329.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Education

This chapter explores the back-to-basics move promoted by a pair of bills—the ABCs bills—with the aim of arriving at a more balanced curriculum. At roughly the same time, Governor Wilson signed a ... More


Dyslexia, Learning, and Neural Systems

Roderick I. Nicolson and Angela J. Fawcett

in Dyslexia, Learning, and the Brain

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262140997
eISBN:
9780262280662
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262140997.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter investigates the neural systems level—a level intermediate between brain and cognition. It also discusses the specific procedural learning difficulties (SPLD) framework, which interprets ... More


In Order to Learn: How the sequence of topics influences learning

Frank E. Ritter, Josef Nerb, Erno Lehtinen, and Timothy O'Shea (eds)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195178845
eISBN:
9780199893751
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178845.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Order affects the results you get: different orders of presenting material can lead to qualitatively and quantitatively different learning outcomes. These differences occur in both natural and ... More


An Interview with John Holland

Philip Husbands, Owen Holland, and Michael Wheeler

in The Mechanical Mind in History

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262083775
eISBN:
9780262256384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262083775.003.0016
Subject:
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence

John Holland studied physics at MIT and then worked for IBM, where he was involved in some of the first research on adaptive artificial neural networks. He went on to the University of Michigan for ... More


Learning About Reform

David K. Cohen and Heather C. Hill

in Learning Policy: When State Education Reform Works

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300089479
eISBN:
9780300133349
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300089479.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Education

This chapter explores the nature and extent of influences on learning by examining the instruments that policymakers used to urge teachers to learn. It first discusses the survey on which the ... More


Learning and Policy

David K. Cohen and Heather C. Hill

in Learning Policy: When State Education Reform Works

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300089479
eISBN:
9780300133349
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300089479.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Education

This chapter explores the effects of California's mathematics reform as a learning policy. It examines whether students' learning has improved in schools where teachers had substantial opportunities ... More


Memory as a Constructive Process: The Parallel Distributed Processing Approach

James L. McClelland

in The Memory Process: Neuroscientific and Humanistic Perspectives

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014571
eISBN:
9780262289672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014571.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

This chapter offers a scientific theory of the nature of human memory that fits naturally with the view of memory as a constructive process. This theory, the complementary learning systems theory, is ... More


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