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Nature's Metaphysics: Laws and Properties

Alexander Bird

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199227013
eISBN:
9780191711121
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227013.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

What are the laws of nature, and what explains their existence? This book develops the proposal that the laws of nature are grounded in the essences of properties. It is argued that fundamental ... More


The Law-Governed Universe

John T. Roberts

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199557707
eISBN:
9780191721052
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557707.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This book articulates and defends a new philosophical account of laws of nature. According to this account, lawhood is a meta‐theoretic notion: the primary concept is that of a law of a particular ... More


The Metaphysics Within Physics

Tim Maudlin

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199218219
eISBN:
9780191711596
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199218219.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

What fundamental account of the world is implicit in physical theory? Physics straightforwardly postulates quarks and electrons, but what of the more intangible elements, such as laws of nature, ... More


The meta‐theoretic conception of laws

John T. Roberts

in The Law-Governed Universe

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199557707
eISBN:
9780191721052
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557707.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

According to the meta‐theoretic conception of laws of nature, the concept of a law of a scientific theory is prior to that of a law of nature. To be a law of a theory is not just to be called a law ... More


Is There a God?

Richard Swinburne

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780198235446
eISBN:
9780191705618
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198235446.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This book is a short and non-technical presentation of the cumulative argument for the existence of God. An explanatory hypothesis is probable insofar as it leads us to expect many otherwise ... More


Aristotle on Teleology in Nature

David Bostock

in Space, Time, Matter, and Form: Essays on Aristotle's Physics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199286867
eISBN:
9780191603532
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286868.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This essay begins by approving Aristotle’s general argument for teleology in Physics II.8. It then explores his use of teleological explanations in the biological works, distinguishing his practice ... More


Categorial Ontology and Scientific Essentialism

E. J. Lowe

in The Four-Category Ontology: A Metaphysical Foundation for Natural Science

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199254392
eISBN:
9780191603600
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199254397.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The sense in which laws are necessary is reviewed. The relationship between natural laws and natural kinds is emphasized. The relationship between natural laws and causal powers is further explored, ... More


Bernard Bosanquet

T.L.S. Sprigge

in The God of Metaphysics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199283040
eISBN:
9780191603662
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199283044.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter begins with a description of the life and early works of Bernard Bosanquet which show some remarkable insights into the future of Christianity. It then turns to his later work, ... More


Manifest Realism I: A Critique of Scientific Essentialism

Robert Hanna

in Kant, Science, and Human Nature

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199285549
eISBN:
9780191713965
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199285549.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter makes a negative case for Kant's manifest realism by criticizing the leading contemporary version of maximal scientific realism, namely, scientific essentialism. It begins with a ... More


The law‐governed world‐picture

John T. Roberts

in The Law-Governed Universe

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199557707
eISBN:
9780191721052
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557707.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

The idea that science has discovered that our universe is governed by laws of nature is arguably an important part of the modern scientific world‐view. The distinction between laws and other truths ... More


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