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Digital Applications in Law Enforcement

James W. Cortada

in The Digital Hand, Vol 3: How Computers Changed the Work of American Public Sector Industries

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195165869
eISBN:
9780199868025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165869.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter discusses technologies adopted by the law enforcement community over a half century. Specifically, it looks at the use of computing by policing agencies, courts, and corrections, with a ... More


Where There is No Government: Enforcing Property Rights in Common Law Africa

Sandra F. Joireman

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199782482
eISBN:
9780199897209
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199782482.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Governments, farmers, homeowners, and academics around the world agree that property rights are important. But what happens when the state fails to enforce them? This book describes how a variety of ... More


From the Velvet Glove to the Iron Fist: Criminal Sanctions for the Enforcement of Union Law

Michael Dougan

in Compliance and the Enforcement of EU Law

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199644735
eISBN:
9780191740695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199644735.003.0004
Subject:
Law, EU Law, Public International Law

This chapter analyses the obligations concerning the enforcement of substantive Union policies by the member states within the national legal systems. The use of criminal penalties for the ... More


Constitutional Constraints on Power

Randy E. Barnett

in The Structure of Liberty: Justice and the Rule of Law

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297291
eISBN:
9780191598777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297297.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

In a polycentric constitutional order, as distinct from a monocentric one, multiple legal systems exercise the judicial function and law enforcement agencies exercise the executive function. These ... More


Where Do We Go From Here?

Susan W. Brenner

in Cyber Threats: The Emerging Fault Lines of the Nation State

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195385014
eISBN:
9780199855414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385014.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

Nation-states use a bipartite response system to maintain order: Professional law enforcement officers overtly maintain internal order by responding to violations of the criminal rules that control ... More


Fighting Crime Without Punishment

Randy E. Barnett

in The Structure of Liberty: Justice and the Rule of Law

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297291
eISBN:
9780191598777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297297.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

In a legal system based on pure restitution and self‐defence combined with enhanced reliance on several property and freedom of contract, the ability to effectively prevent crime rather than deter ... More


Crime and Politics: Big Government's Erratic Campaign for Law and Order

Ted Gest

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195103434
eISBN:
9780199833887
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195103432.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

The crime rate in the US has exploded since 1960. Despite decreases in recent years, reported violence in 2001 exceeded the levels of the late 1970s. Government at all levels has tried to address the ... More


A Cop on Every Corner?

Ted Gest

in Crime and Politics: Big Government's Erratic Campaign for Law and Order

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195103434
eISBN:
9780199833887
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195103432.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Before the 1960s crime wave, American police officers were little trained and spent much of their time responding to citizen calls about crime. A Law Enforcement Education Program (LEEP) in the 1970s ... More


The Role of National Constitutional Courts in Issues of Compliance

Darinka Piqani

in Compliance and the Enforcement of EU Law

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199644735
eISBN:
9780191740695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199644735.003.0005
Subject:
Law, EU Law, Public International Law

This chapter looks at the role of constitutional courts from a compliance perspective. It focuses on how constitutional courts deal with challenges of unconstitutionality in the course of application ... More


Drugs: Is the War Winnable?

Ted Gest

in Crime and Politics: Big Government's Erratic Campaign for Law and Order

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195103434
eISBN:
9780199833887
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195103432.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

The federal government asserted a role in fighting narcotics abuse since the early 20th century, but it was not until the Richard Nixon administration starting in 1969 that a federal “war on drugs” ... More


Response: Where We Are

Susan W. Brenner

in Cyber Threats: The Emerging Fault Lines of the Nation State

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195385014
eISBN:
9780199855414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385014.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter examines the partitioned response model that is essentially the norm in modern nation-states. This model divides official responsibility for responding to crime, terrorism, and warfare ... More


Counter-Piracy Enforcement Powers and their Legal Constraints

Robin Geiß and Anna Petrig

in Piracy and Armed Robbery at Sea: The Legal Framework for Counter-Piracy Operations in Somalia and the Gulf of Aden

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199609529
eISBN:
9780191729751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199609529.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

Part 3 scrutinizes the scope of enforcement powers granted to States by Articles 110 and 105 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea and by virtue of the various Security Council Resolutions. ... More


Problems of Enforcement and the Failure of Sumptuary Law

Catherine Kovesi Killerby

in Sumptuary Law in Italy 1200-1500

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199247936
eISBN:
9780191714733
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199247936.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter examines the provisions made for the enforcement of sumptuary law, the instances of prosecutions that have so far been discovered, and the possible reasons for the ultimate failure of ... More


Introduction: Grotian Thought in International Relations

Benedict Kingsbury and Adam Roberts

in Hugo Grotius and International Relations

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198277712
eISBN:
9780191598890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198277717.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This exposition of the main themes of the book considers the significance of De Jure Belli ac Pacis; the concept of ‘international society’ in the Grotian tradition; the place of war in international ... More


The Rise and Fall of LEAA

Ted Gest

in Crime and Politics: Big Government's Erratic Campaign for Law and Order

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195103434
eISBN:
9780199833887
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195103432.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

A major federal anticrime agency had its roots in an Office of Law Enforcement Assistance established in the presidency of Lyndon Johnson. The agency was enacted into law in a wide‐ranging crime law ... More


Article 258/260 TFEU Infringement Procedures: The Commission Perspective in Environmental Cases

Sibylle Grohs

in Compliance and the Enforcement of EU Law

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199644735
eISBN:
9780191740695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199644735.003.0003
Subject:
Law, EU Law, Public International Law

This chapter discusses how the procedure envisaged in the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union works in practice, from the perspective of a sector where enforcement against member states ... More


Law Enforcement Activities

Natalie Klein

in Maritime Security and the Law of the Sea

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199566532
eISBN:
9780191725197
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566532.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

After a short introduction to law enforcement in the law of the sea, this chapter considers each maritime zone in turn, beginning with those closest to the state's land territory (ports and internal ... More


We the People: Racial Realism in Politics and Government

John D. Skrentny

in After Civil Rights: Racial Realism in the New American Workplace

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159966
eISBN:
9781400848492
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159966.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter focuses on government employment. It begins by examining those placed at the highest positions in the country, because political elites set the tone for America in general. The chapter ... More


Competition Law in Europe: The Challenge of a Network Constitution

Imelda Maher and Oana Ştefan

in The Regulatory State: Constitutional Implications

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199593170
eISBN:
9780191595660
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199593170.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

In the late 1990s the European Commission set out on the most radical transformation of the enforcement of European competition law in forty years. The highly centralized enforcement regime where ... More


Police and Community in Chicago: A Tale of Three Cities

Wesley G. Skogan

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195154580
eISBN:
9780199944033
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154580.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

Highly popular with both the public and political leaders, community policing is the most important development in law enforcement in the last twenty-five years. But does it really work? Can police ... More


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