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s i x The New Elucidation The Struggle for Freedom

Martin Schöneld

in The Philosophy of the Young Kant: The Precritical Project

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195132182
eISBN:
9780199786336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195132181.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter explores Kant’s doctoral dissertation, New Elucidation of the First Principles of Metaphysical Cognition (1755). Section 1 examines the context of the thesis and Kant’s monist contention ... More


The nature of emotion

Edmund T. Rolls

in Emotion Explained

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198570035
eISBN:
9780191693793
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570035.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter provides a definition of emotion as states elicited by rewards and punishers, that is, by instrumental reinforcers. A theory of emotion is put forward which includes categories of ... More


The Theoretical Response to Challenge

Włodzimierz Brus and Kazimierz Laski

in From Marx to the Market: Socialism in Search of an Economic System

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198283997
eISBN:
9780191596032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198283997.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

The idea of market‐less economic system of socialism began to be challenged already at the end of XIX century, but an all‐out attack on the concept came in the 1920s, associated with works of ... More


The Unalterability of Laws and the Reductionist Strategy

Bernard Berofsky

in Nature's Challenge to Free Will

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199640010
eISBN:
9780191738197
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199640010.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

The third premise of the consequence argument claims that laws are unalterable. The possibility that laws of psychology, such as those of decision theory, are not all self-evidently unalterable is ... More


The Regularity Theory I: Humean Supervenience

Bernard Berofsky

in Nature's Challenge to Free Will

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199640010
eISBN:
9780191738197
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199640010.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

A central tenet of the regularity theory is the doctrine of Humean supervenience (HS), the view that two worlds that are identical in their nonnomic facts must be identical in their laws. John ... More


Nietzsche's Flesh, Kant's Skeleton

R. Kevin Hill

in Nietzsche's Critiques

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199285525
eISBN:
9780191700354
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199285525.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter begins by discussing Nitzche's interpretation of postmodernism without its literary and rhetorical surface, as well as his historical importance. It also talks about other philosophers ... More


Laws and Modalities in Scientific Practice

Joseph Rouse

in Articulating the World: Conceptual Understanding and the Scientific Image

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226293677
eISBN:
9780226293707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226293707.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter addresses how laws and natural necessity figure in scientific understanding, by developing and extending Marc Lange’s and John Haugeland’s complementary accounts of the role of laws in ... More


The Eyeball and the Wall: Eating, Seeing, and the Nation

Elizabeth Abel

in Signs of the Times: The Visual Politics of Jim Crow

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520261174
eISBN:
9780520945869
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520261174.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Interracial eating and interracial sex: what joins this provocative pair? If drinking fountains and restrooms might be considered the pillars of the social body, sites of collective eating could be ... More


Coda

Dale Maharidge

in Someplace Like America: Tales from the New Great Depression

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520262478
eISBN:
9780520948792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520262478.003.0030
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

Sacramento may be the capital of California, but the city has a long history of a hardscrabble underbelly. Among the attractions are the waterways that run through the city—the clear American and the ... More


Hjelmslev's Saussure

Roy Harris

in Saussure and his Interpreters

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748613083
eISBN:
9780748652334
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748613083.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter analyses Louis Hjelmslev's interpretation of Ferdinand de Saussure's distinction between lange and parole. Hjelmslev believed that this distinction represented Saussure's teaching ... More


Chomsky's Saussure

Roy Harris

in Saussure and his Interpreters

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748613083
eISBN:
9780748652334
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748613083.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter analyses Noam Chomsky's view and interpretation of Ferdinand de Saussure's ideas about linguistics, explaining that there seems to be no indication that Chomsky had ever read or paid any ... More


The Emergence of Queer DIY Video

Nick Rees-Roberts

in French Queer Cinema

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748634187
eISBN:
9780748651160
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748634187.003.0005
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter traces the local proliferation of queer digital video production in France. It reviews several relevant films including the recent work by Rémi Lange, the first French lesbian/trans porn ... More


Picturing Faith: Photography and the Great Depression

Colleen McDannell

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300104301
eISBN:
9780300130072
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300104301.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

In the midst of the Great Depression, the American government initiated one of the most ambitious national photographic projects ever undertaken. Such photographers as Dorothea Lange, Walker Evans, ... More


Introducing Americans to America

Colleen McDannell

in Picturing Faith: Photography and the Great Depression

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300104301
eISBN:
9780300130072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300104301.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter presents and discusses what is considered an icon of the Great Depression—Migrant Mother. Taken by Dorothea Lange, this photograph has been reproduced countless times in newspapers, ... More


Christian Charity

Colleen McDannell

in Picturing Faith: Photography and the Great Depression

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300104301
eISBN:
9780300130072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300104301.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter discusses the unusual photo-essays of John Vachon and Dorothea Lange. In spite of the efforts of many local congregations and larger religious organizations to address growing poverty ... More


Into the predictive mind

Jakob Hohwy

in The Predictive Mind

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199682737
eISBN:
9780191766350
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682737.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

In this chapter, the prediction error mechanism is extended deep into matters of the mind. It considers what to say about emotions, introspection, privacy of mind, and the self. These are certainly ... More


Lange and Laws, Kinds, and Counterfactuals

Alexander Bird

in Carving Nature at Its Joints: Natural Kinds in Metaphysics and Science

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015936
eISBN:
9780262298780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015936.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter examines and poses questions to Marc Lange’s account of laws and his claim that the law delineating the range of natural kinds of fundamental particles has a lesser grade of necessity ... More


Socialism, Capitalism, and the State

Geoffrey M. Hodgson

in Conceptualizing Capitalism: Institutions, Evolution, Future

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226168005
eISBN:
9780226168142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226168142.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

This chapter turns to the question of socialism, noting the origins of the term in the 1830s. Until the 1940s, socialism meant the abolition of private property. One of the first economists to ... More


Numbering in Layers

Dan Bouk

in How Our Days Became Numbered: Risk and the Rise of the Statistical Individual

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226259178
eISBN:
9780226259208
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226259208.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter draws three sets of conclusions from the book: first, that economic or political controversy created opportunities for the expansion of risk making; second, that the kinds of risks being ... More


Beyond the Migrant Mother

Erin Royston Battat

in Ain't Got No Home: America's Great Migrations and the Making of an Interracial Left

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9781469614021
eISBN:
9781469614045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469614021.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter argues that writers and artists from a broad racial and political spectrum used the image of the migrant mother to offer a gender-based critique of capitalist and racist oppression. The ... More


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