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Institutions in Transition: Land Ownership, Property Rights and Social Conflict in China

Peter Ho

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199280698
eISBN:
9780191602528
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019928069X.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Studying institutional change regardless of whether it is focused on transitional or developing economies, may prove most fruitful when focused on its structuring of the means of production—land, ... More


The Reparations Policy for Human Rights Violations in Chile

Elizabeth Lira

in The Handbook of Reparations

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199291922
eISBN:
9780191603716
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199291926.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This paper describes the reparations programs implemented in Chile from 1990 to 2004. These programs target the victims of human rights violations committed during the military regime (1973-1990). ... More


The Political Economy of Property Rights Reform and Farm Restructuring

Johan F. M. Swinnen

in From Marx and Mao to the Market: The Economics and Politics of Agricultural Transition

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199288915
eISBN:
9780191603518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199288917.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter explains why, when, and how transition countries chose to introduce property rights reforms and restructure their farms. It explains why China opted for the household responsibility ... More


Formalizing the informal: is there a way to safely unlock human potential through land entitlement? A review of changing land administration in Africa

Liz Alden Wily

in Linking the Formal and Informal Economy: Concepts and Policies

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199204762
eISBN:
9780191603860
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199204764.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This paper looks at how rural land rights are being formalized in Africa. It argues that highly significant improvements are emerging under the current wave of land reform. In a rising number of ... More


Rational Resistance to Land Privatization: The Behaviour of Russia’s Rural Producers in Response to Agrarian Reforms, 1861–2000

Carol Scott Leonard

in The Economic Future in Historical Perspective

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263471
eISBN:
9780191734786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263471.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter analyses rural opposition to land privatization in the post-Soviet transition era that draws explicit parallels with the resistance by Russian peasants to early twentieth-century ... More


Land Reform in Russia, 1906–1917: Peasant Responses to Stolypin's Project of Rural Transformation

Judith Pallot

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206569
eISBN:
9780191677212
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206569.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

Since the collapse of the USSR, there has been a growing interest in the Stolypin Land Reform as a possible model for post-Communist agrarian development. Using recent theoretical and empirical ... More


Negotiated Land Reform as One Way of Land Access: Experiences from Colombia, Brazil, and South Africa

Klaus Deininger

in Access to Land, Rural Poverty, and Public Action

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199242177
eISBN:
9780191697036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199242177.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Research has shown that productivity and farm size have a negative relationship because employing hired labour entails certain supervision costs, and one of the implications of such a situation ... More


The Changing Role of the State in Latin American Land Reforms

Alain De Janvry, Elisabeth Sadoulet, and Wendy Wolford

in Access to Land, Rural Poverty, and Public Action

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199242177
eISBN:
9780191697036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199242177.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The power of the state — regardless of whether this is practiced over democratic, authoritarian, and other forms of government — has been used by all Latin American governments to impose ... More


Land Reform and Land Holdings in Brazil

Juliano Assunção

in Personal Wealth from a Global Perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199548880
eISBN:
9780191720765
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548880.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

Land and wealth are closely related in rural Brazil, a country characterized by high levels of inequality in terms of income or land holdings. After presenting a historical retrospective of land ... More


The Land Reform as Administrative Utopia

Judith Pallot

in Land Reform in Russia, 1906–1917: Peasant Responses to Stolypin's Project of Rural Transformation

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206569
eISBN:
9780191677212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206569.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

The Stolypin Land Reform was intended to abolish communes in rural Russia. The construction of a new social identity for the peasants was one of the ways in which the Stolypin Land Reform sought to ... More


Transition from Collective Farms to Individual Tenures in Central and Eastern Europe

Johan F. M. Swinnen

in Access to Land, Rural Poverty, and Public Action

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199242177
eISBN:
9780191697036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199242177.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Land reform played an integral role in the overall agrarian reforms in all Central and Eastern European Countries (CEECs). This reform began during the early 1990s and it served as a crucial ... More


The Village Community and the Politics of Collectivization, 1945–62

Gail Kligman and Katherine Verdery

in Peasants under Siege: The Collectivization of Romanian Agriculture, 1949-1962

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149721
eISBN:
9781400840434
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149721.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter describes the village social organization that collectives were to displace and the process of Romania's collectivization, from the 1945 land reform through the final celebrations in ... More


The Land Issue before and during the Refugee Resettlement: LAND TENURE AND RURAL SOCIAL STRUCTURE IN MACEDONIA

Elisabeth Kontogiorgi

in Population Exchange in Greek Macedonia: The Rural Settlement of Refugees 1922-1930

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199278961
eISBN:
9780191706806
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278961.003.0005
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter begins with a discussion of the forms of land tenure in different parts of Macedonia in order to provide a better understanding of the practices of the rural resettlement of refugees and ... More


Kennedy ’s Alliance for Progress, 1961–1965

Tony Smith

in America's Mission: The United States and the Worldwide Struggle for Democracy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154923
eISBN:
9781400842025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154923.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter examines John F. Kennedy's efforts to foster democracy and social justice in Latin America during the period 1961–1965 through an initiative known as the Alliance for Progress. The ... More


Introduction

Judith Pallot

in Land Reform in Russia, 1906–1917: Peasant Responses to Stolypin's Project of Rural Transformation

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206569
eISBN:
9780191677212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206569.003.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

During a brief period between 1906 and 1914, the tsarist state attempted to transform rural Russia and to implant in the countryside a new type of husbandman. This culminated in an ambitious project ... More


‘The Government is for us, Otrubniki’ 1

Judith Pallot

in Land Reform in Russia, 1906–1917: Peasant Responses to Stolypin's Project of Rural Transformation

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206569
eISBN:
9780191677212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206569.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

From the end of 1906, the Chief Administration for Land Settlement and Agriculture in Russia began establishing a network of uezd- and provincial-level commissions to administer the Stolypin Land ... More


Case Study. The Dramatic Rise of Individual Farming in Albania: Causes and Effects

Azeta Cungu and Johan F. M. Swinnen

in Access to Land, Rural Poverty, and Public Action

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199242177
eISBN:
9780191697036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199242177.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Since agriculture accounts for a significant portion in Albania's total GDP and because of its large farming population, agrarian reform has played no small part in the economic reforms imposed ... More


From Land to the Tiller to Land Liberalization *

Nikita Sud

in Liberalization, Hindu Nationalism and the State: A Biography of Gujarat

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198076933
eISBN:
9780199080908
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198076933.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

The transition from ideas and policies that sought to redistribute ‘land to the tiller’ to those that promote ‘land liberalization’ is a snapshot of Gujarat’s story of development from independence ... More


Free Riders and Village-Wide Consolidations

Judith Pallot

in Land Reform in Russia, 1906–1917: Peasant Responses to Stolypin's Project of Rural Transformation

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206569
eISBN:
9780191677212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206569.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

Between 1906 and 1915, approximately three million peasant households in Russia used the provisions of the Stolypin Land Reform to change some aspect of how they held their land. Some had applied for ... More


Everyday Forms of Resistance to the Stolypin Reform

Judith Pallot

in Land Reform in Russia, 1906–1917: Peasant Responses to Stolypin's Project of Rural Transformation

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206569
eISBN:
9780191677212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206569.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter examines the counter-culture of opposition to authority shown by peasants in Russia against the Stolypin Land Reform. Much of this resistance was masked by the public transcript in which ... More


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