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Employment and Wages

János Kornai

in The Socialist System: The Political Economy of Communism

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198287766
eISBN:
9780191596551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198287763.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

A survey is made of the allocation of labour under classical socialism. This looks at the characteristics of labour allocation in the short and long term, and the behaviour of those taking part in ... More


The Workings of the Labour Bureaux

Deborah Posel

in The Making of Apartheid 1948–1961: Conflict and Compromise

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198273349
eISBN:
9780191684036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198273349.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter discusses the labour bureaux system and assesses how and why it failed to ‘rationalise’ the urban labour market in line with the prescriptions of the Native Affairs Department (NAD) ... More


Migrant Workers: Who Needs Them? A Framework for the Analysis of Staff Shortages, Immigration, and Public Policy

Bridget Anderson and Martin Ruhs

in Who Needs Migrant Workers?: Labour shortages, immigration, and public policy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199580590
eISBN:
9780191595257
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580590.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, Public and Welfare

This chapter provides a comprehensive conceptual framework for evaluating employer demand for migrant labour in high‐income countries. It discusses four key issues that, the chapter argues, are ... More


A Need for Migrant Labour? UK–US Comparisons

Philip Martin

in Who Needs Migrant Workers?: Labour shortages, immigration, and public policy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199580590
eISBN:
9780191595257
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580590.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, Public and Welfare

This chapter discusses research and policy approaches to assessing labour shortages and the implications for immigration policy in the UK and the US, with a particular focus on the potential lessons ... More


Who Needs Migrant Workers?: Labour shortages, immigration, and public policy

Martin Ruhs and Bridget Anderson (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199580590
eISBN:
9780191595257
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580590.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, Public and Welfare

This book discusses the demand for migrant labour both conceptually and empirically with a focus on the UK. With the number of migrant workers at a record high, the regulation of labour immigration ... More


Chapter Chapter Strategies to Retain Older Workers

Janemarie Mulvey and Steven Nyce

in Reinventing the Retirement Paradigm

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199284603
eISBN:
9780191603013
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199284601.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter begins by outlining the economic and demographic realities facing employers, and spells out how these change the ‘retirement promise’. The effects of several factors on older workers' ... More


Introduction

Martin Ruhs and Bridget Anderson

in Who Needs Migrant Workers?: Labour shortages, immigration, and public policy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199580590
eISBN:
9780191595257
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580590.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, Public and Welfare

This chapter introduces the key issues discussed in Who Needs Migrant Workers? Labour Shortages, Immigration, and Public Policy. The chapter sets the discussion of immigration and labour shortages in ... More


Lost Knowledge: Confronting the Threat of an Aging Workforce

David W. DeLong

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195170979
eISBN:
9780199789719
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195170979.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

This book shows how the cost of losing human knowledge in a technology-intensive world seriously affects organizational success. It explains what leaders must do to retain critical know-how as ... More


The Rise of Unemployment Under Apartheid

Jeremy Seekings and Nicoli Nattrass

in Class, Race, and Inequality in South Africa

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300108927
eISBN:
9780300128758
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300108927.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter discusses the rise of unemployment in South Africa in the late apartheid era. It examines existing data about unemployment, identifying the major causes of its growth in the mid- to late ... More


Labor Shortages, Mechanization, and Food Costs

Philip Martin

in Importing Poverty?: Immigration and the Changing Face of Rural America

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300139174
eISBN:
9780300156003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300139174.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

This chapter addresses the farm labor shortages, mechanization, and food costs. It explains different pictures of demand adjustments envisioned by economists and farmers and describes how ... More


Where Have All the Workers Gone?

Kathleen C. Schwartzman

in The Chicken Trail: Following Workers, Migrants, and Corporations across the Americas

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451164
eISBN:
9780801468056
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451164.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

This chapter examines two conventional explanations for the ethnic succession involving Hispanics and African Americans in the poultry industry in the South: first, Hispanics filled vacancies and ... More


Harmony, Crisis, and the Fading of the Lewis Model in China

Amiya Kumar Bagchi and Anthony P. D’Costa

in Transformation and Development: The Political Economy of Transition in India and China

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780198082286
eISBN:
9780199082377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198082286.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter discusses how the 2008 global economic crisis affected China's economy. First, there was the attempt to rebalance the economic structure by reducing dependence on massive investment ... More


The Emerging Labor Shortage: Independent Masculinity, Patriotic Demands, and the Threat of New Workers

Matthew L. Basso

in Meet Joe Copper: Masculinity and Race on Montana's World War II Home Front

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226038865
eISBN:
9780226044224
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226044224.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter focuses on the potential workers—including the elderly and disabled, men and women, Mexicans and blacks, and white furloughed male soldiers—who were considered by the government and the ... More


Taylorism Invades the Hen House

Kathleen C. Schwartzman

in The Chicken Trail: Following Workers, Migrants, and Corporations across the Americas

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451164
eISBN:
9780801468056
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451164.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

This chapter challenges the notions that ethnic succession was driven by “vacancy” and “shortage” and explains why both explanations are incomplete. It argues that such explanations do not address ... More


Black Eagle, 1943: Home Front Servicemen, Women Workers, and the Maintenance of Immigrant Masculinity

Matthew L. Basso

in Meet Joe Copper: Masculinity and Race on Montana's World War II Home Front

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226038865
eISBN:
9780226044224
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226044224.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

In the fall of 1942, the town of Black Eagle in Montana faced a serious labor shortage amidst World War II. Instead of sending black soldiers as they did in Butte, federal authorities decided to ... More


Provisions Are Needed Worse Than Fortifications: Slave Impressment and Confederate Agriculture

Jaime Amanda Martinez

in Confederate Slave Impressment in the Upper South

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9781469610740
eISBN:
9781469612591
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469610740.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

This chapter discusses how slave impressment in late 1862 and throughout 1863 disrupted a profitable market for hired agricultural slaves in both Virginia and North Carolina. Slave impressment ... More


The Disequilibria of Transitions

Gurucharan Gollerkeri and Natasha Chhabra

in Migration Matters: Mobility in a Globalizing World

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780199464807
eISBN:
9780199087280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199464807.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies), Population and Demography

The differences in the stages of development have influenced the rate at which countries go through their demographic transitions resulting in youth bulges and surplus labour in developing countries ... More


Cultivating Science, Harvesting Power: Science and Industrial Agriculture in California

Christopher R. Henke

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262083737
eISBN:
9780262275286
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262083737.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

Just south of San Francisco lies California’s Salinas Valley, the heart of a multi-billion dollar agricultural industry that dominates U. S. vegetable production. How did this sleepy valley become ... More


Shaping Welfare Policy: The Role of the South

Lee J. Alston and Joseph P. Ferrie

in Government & The American Economy: A New History

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226251271
eISBN:
9780226251295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226251295.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

The U.S. welfare system developed later and was always more decentralized than its European counterparts. The federal political system in the United States, which grants much more policy discretion ... More


Networks, Niches, and Inequalities

in Modern Migrations: Gujarati Indian Networks in New York and London

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804772228
eISBN:
9780804775830
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804772228.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

This chapter examines the life histories of individual Gujarati Indians who migrated to New York and London, focusing on the kinds of occupations they have and how they have settled into their ... More


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