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Fasting, Saubhāgya, and Jain Satī Narratives

M. Whitney Kelting

in Heroic Wives Rituals, Stories and the Virtues of Jain Wifehood

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195389647
eISBN:
9780199866434
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195389647.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

This chapter addresses the ways that Jain women, like Hindu women, locate their well‐being in their status as auspicious wives with living husbands (saubhagya) and the rituals they perform to protect ... More


Karma or Grace?

Stephen T. Davis

in Christian Philosophical Theology

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199284597
eISBN:
9780191603778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199284598.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter defines two abstract systems of salvation called Karma and Grace. It then asks the question: On philosophical grounds alone, which is superior? Five criticisms that defenders of Karma ... More


Doing Public Management the Fatalist Way?

Christopher Hood

in The Art of the State: Culture, Rhetoric, and Public Management

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297659
eISBN:
9780191599484
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297653.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

In the four chapters of Part II, public management ideas that loosely correspond to each of the four polar world views identified by cultural theory are discussed; here the cultural‐theory framework ... More


CONTEXTUALIZING COMPLEXITY, II: INDIA'S DOMINANT RELIGIOUS TRADITIONS: SANĀTANA‐DHARMA AND DAR‐UL‐ISLAM

Robert Eric Frykenberg

in Christianity in India: From Beginnings to the Present

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198263777
eISBN:
9780191714191
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198263777.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Church History

This chapter explores the contexts of classical religious traditions within which the impact of European Christendom occurred. Topics discussed include dharma and karma, Al Hind, and Dar-ul-Islam.


A Womb with a View: The Buddha’s Final Fetal Experience

Vanessa R. Sasson

in Imagining the Fetus: The Unborn in Myth, Religion, and Culture

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195380040
eISBN:
9780199869077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380040.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society, World Religions

The Buddha’s fetal life was as extraordinary as the rest of his hagiography. He sat ablaze with light in a jeweled palace inside his mother’s womb. He was bathed by deities. He delivered teachings to ... More


Tibetan Buddhist Narratives of the Forces of Creation

Frances Garrett

in Imagining the Fetus: The Unborn in Myth, Religion, and Culture

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195380040
eISBN:
9780199869077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380040.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society, World Religions

This chapter examines different models of fetal growth in premodern religious and medical Tibetan embryological narratives, which describe causal forces such as karma, the natural elements, the ... More


 Life After Death: An Overview of Contemporary Beliefs for Teachers

Paul Badham

in Teaching Death and Dying

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195335224
eISBN:
9780199868810
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335224.003.0021
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter was originally written as a guide for teachers in Britain responsible for teaching Philosophy of Religion to Advanced Level Students. The “A” Level examination is taken at age 18 in ... More


Buddhist Supernatural Agents

Ilkka Pyysiäinen

in Supernatural Agents: Why We Believe in Souls, Gods, and Buddhas

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195380026
eISBN:
9780199869046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380026.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

In the Buddhist tradition, buddhas are regarded as omniscient in the sense that everything is directly reflected in the mind of a buddha. In certain “Hindu” schools, the ideas of karma and rebirth ... More


The Cosmological Structure

Hans H. Penner

in Rediscovering the Buddha: Legends of the Buddha and Their Interpretation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195385823
eISBN:
9780199870073
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385823.003.0018
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

There are three basic differences between Buddhist and monotheistic cosmologies: (1) No beginning, no end; (2) God and thus theology are irrelevant; and (3) the doctrine of karma. This chapter ... More


The Legends as Rites of Passage

Hans H. Penner

in Rediscovering the Buddha: Legends of the Buddha and Their Interpretation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195385823
eISBN:
9780199870073
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385823.003.0019
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This chapter continues the interpretation and analysis started in Chapter 18 of the legends as “rites of passage.” The distinguishing character of the legends as such a rite in Buddhism is ... More


The Perfection of Morality

Dale S. Wright

in The Six Perfections: Buddhism and the Cultivation of Character

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195382013
eISBN:
9780199870332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195382013.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

Chapter 2 is divided into two sections. The first section presents an overview of the Mahayana Buddhist teachings on the perfection of morality, Śilapāramitā. The second section raises questions ... More


Fundamental Buddhist Teachings

Charles Goodman

in Consequences of Compassion: An Interpretation and Defense of Buddhist Ethics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195375190
eISBN:
9780199871377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195375190.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This chapter presents the basic descriptive teachings of the three main forms of the Buddhist religion and sketches some of the differences between them. It explains how reincarnation is possible ... More


The Gnostic Body

Vesna A. Wallace

in The Inner Kalacakratantra: A Buddhist Tantric View of the Individual

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195122114
eISBN:
9780199834808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195122119.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This chapter looks at the Kālacakratantra and the Kālacakra tradition as a Buddhist gnostic system. To do this it examines the various ways in which the tantric system interprets gnosis and its ... More


Time and the Decline of Dharma

Romila Thapar

in Time as a Metaphor of History: Early India: The Krishna Bharadwaj Memorial Lecture

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195637984
eISBN:
9780199081912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195637984.003.0005
Subject:
History, Indian History

This chapter discusses the idea of decline of dharma. Social and moral decline underlined in Purāṇic cosmological time was consistently endorsed as characteristic of change over the four ages. ... More


Gifting and Grace: Patterns of Lay‐Mendicant Interaction

John E. Cort

in Jains in the World: Religious Values and Ideology in India

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195132342
eISBN:
9780199834112
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195132343.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The world‐renouncing monks and nuns – the mendicants of the Jain tradition – are the living examples of the path to liberation. This chapter details their daily practice, which revolves around ... More


Students and the Reality of Past-Life Therapy

Diana G. Tumminia

in When Prophecy Never Fails: Myth and Reality in a Flying-Saucer Group

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195176759
eISBN:
9780199835720
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195176758.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The chapter examines the Unarian practice of past-life therapy as folk healing. Unarius claims it can heal any illness or life problem, including mental illness. Unarius defines mental illness as ... More


Nishkama Karma and the Masses: Vivekananda’s Understanding of the Gita

Nagappa K. Gowda

in The Bhagavadgita in the Nationalist Discourse

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198072065
eISBN:
9780199080748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198072065.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

This chapter examines Swami Vivekananda's reading and interpretation of the Bhagavadgita. It suggests that Vivekananda considered karma yoga as the central teaching of the Bhagavadgita. It highlights ... More


Classical Hindu Thought: An Introduction

Arvind Sharma

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195658712
eISBN:
9780199082018
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195658712.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This book sets out to explore the doctrinal dimension of classical Hinduism (eighth century BCE to circa 1000 CE.), and is organized in terms of its key concepts: brahman, karma, karma-yoga, etc. ... More


The Hindu World Image

Sudhir Kakar

in The Inner World: A Psychoanalytical Study of Childhood and Society in India

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198077152
eISBN:
9780199081103
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198077152.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The exploration of the psychological terrain of the Indian inner world begins by looking at the cluster of ideas, historically derived, selected, and refined, through which Hindu culture has ... More


Liberative Knowledge as “Living without a Wh

Hugh Nicholson

in Comparative Theology and the Problem of Religious Rivalry

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199772865
eISBN:
9780199897315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199772865.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

This chapter challenges the contrast Otto draws between the activist ethic affirmed by Eckhart and the quietism and moral indifference allegedly espoused by his Indian counterpart. Specifically, it ... More


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