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Juvenile or Criminal Court?: A Punitive Theory of Waiver

Franklin E. Zimring

in American Juvenile Justice

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195181166
eISBN:
9780199943302
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181166.003.0051
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

The use of a juvenile court for youth crime is almost universal throughout the developed nations. However, every American jurisdiction has provided for exceptions—circumstances and procedures that ... More


Juvenile Crime and the Practice of Juvenile Justice

Elizabeth Harvey

in Youth and the Welfare State in Weimar Germany

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198204145
eISBN:
9780191676123
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198204145.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Social History

A key area where the Weimar Republic's new approach to the juvenile delinquent was to be tested was the treatment of juvenile crime. Statistics on criminality rates recorded the number of convictions ... More


The Common Thread: Diversion in Juvenile Justice

Franklin E. Zimring

in American Juvenile Justice

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195181166
eISBN:
9780199943302
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181166.003.0019
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

Two justifications existed from the start for creating a juvenile court, referred to as the interventionist and diversionary justifications for a separate children's court. The diversionary ... More


Reducing the Harms of Minority Overrepresentation in American Juvenile Justice

Franklin E. Zimring

in American Juvenile Justice

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195181166
eISBN:
9780199943302
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181166.003.0052
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter identifies some of the key policy choices that must be made in reducing injustices found in American juvenile courts. It argues that reducing the hazards of juvenile court processing may ... More


The Procedural Implications of Social Science Research

Christopher Slobogin and Mark R. Fondacaro

in Juveniles at Risk: A Plea for Preventive Justice

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199778355
eISBN:
9780199895151
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199778355.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This chapter presents a framework for reconceptualizing due process in juvenile justice with the ultimate aim of striking an optimal balance between fairness, accuracy, and efficiency in handling ... More


Juvenile Justice in Flux

Christopher Slobogin and Mark R. Fondacaro

in Juveniles at Risk: A Plea for Preventive Justice

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199778355
eISBN:
9780199895151
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199778355.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This chapter first sets out the purpose of the book, which is to explore whether the separate juvenile justice system should continue to exist and, if so, in what form. It proposes a reimagination of ... More


Building a Model Court

David S. Tanenhaus

in Juvenile Justice in the Making

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195306507
eISBN:
9780199850587
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306507.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter discusses the development of juvenile court. On July 3, 1899, Lucy Flower's vision of a “parental court” for Chicago became a reality when the Honorable Richard Tuthill, a Civil War ... More


Child Protection From 1900 To 1962

John E. B. Myers

in Child Protection in America: Past, Present, and Future

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195169355
eISBN:
9780199893348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169355.003.0003
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Crime and Justice

Child protection in the 20th century can be divided into two periods, one before 1962 and one following. This chapter chronicles developments prior to 1962, including the emergence of social work as ... More


Adjudication

Samuel M. Davis

in Children's Rights Under and the Law

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199795482
eISBN:
9780190259990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199795482.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Family Law

This chapter discusses the adjudicatory process in juvenile court. It covers the adjudicatory hearing, right to counsel, right to jury trial, burden of proof, rules of evidence, confrontation and ... More


Delinquency: Differential Treatment of Children and Adults

Samuel M. Davis

in Children's Rights Under and the Law

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199795482
eISBN:
9780190259990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199795482.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Family Law

This chapter addresses the application of the fundamental fairness test to several areas of the juvenile process, including pretrial detention, arrest and search and seizure, interrogation, transfer ... More


The Hardest of the Hard Cases: The Young Homicide Offender

Franklin E. Zimring

in American Juvenile Justice

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195181166
eISBN:
9780199943302
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181166.003.0057
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter discusses the substantive principles that should govern the punishment of adolescents who kill. The first section shows that the stereotypical versions of juvenile and criminal courts ... More


Improving The Child Protection System

John E. B. Myers

in Child Protection in America: Past, Present, and Future

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195169355
eISBN:
9780199893348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169355.003.0008
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Crime and Justice

Chapter 7 describes broad societal changes to reduce child maltreatment. Even if such changes are implemented, some abuse and neglect will occur, and this chapter makes specific recommendations to ... More


Juvenile Justice: Administration and Implementation

Asha Bajpai

in Child Rights in India: Law, Policy, and Practice

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195670820
eISBN:
9780199082117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195670820.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter presents a discussion on juvenile justice. The Juvenile Justice Act 1986 replaced the Children's Acts. The Juvenile Welfare Board deals with neglected juveniles whereas delinquent ... More


Legitimating Juvenile Justice

David S. Tanenhaus

in Juvenile Justice in the Making

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195306507
eISBN:
9780199850587
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306507.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter discusses the administration of juvenile justice. By passing the Funds to Parents in July 1911, the Illinois General Assembly not only allowed the Chicago Juvenile Court to begin ... More


One Theme or Many?: The Search for a Deep Structure in Global Juvenile Justice

Franklin E. Zimring and Máximo Langer

in Juvenile Justice in Global Perspective

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9781479826537
eISBN:
9781479838004
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479826537.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter uses the global portrait of juvenile courts found in the book to address a central and essential question: why is it almost universal in our contemporary world that special policies ... More


Popularizing Protection

David R. Ambaras

in Bad Youth: Juvenile Delinquency and the Politics of Everyday Life in Modern Japan

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520245792
eISBN:
9780520932203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520245792.003.0005
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter discusses the expansion of juvenile-protection programs from 1918 to the mid-1930s, during which period Japan experienced the rise and collapse of the “Taishō Democracy.” It first ... More


Birth of a Juvesnile Court

Geoff K. Ward

in The Black Child-Savers: Racial Democracy and Juvenile Justice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226873169
eISBN:
9780226873190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226873190.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

In the Progressive Era South, Reconstruction gave way to the rise of white supremacist redemption, subjecting black youths and communities to more explicitly neglectful, exploitative, and violent ... More


Penal Proportionality for the Young Offender: Notes on Immaturity, Capacity, and Diminished Responsibility

Franklin E. Zimring

in American Juvenile Justice

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195181166
eISBN:
9780199943302
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181166.003.0021
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter considers one set of subjective personal factors that influence the extent to which adolescent defendants deserve punishment for particular blameworthy acts. It argues that even when a ... More


Choosing a Coherent Policy toward Juveniles and Guns

Franklin E. Zimring

in American Juvenile Justice

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195181166
eISBN:
9780199943302
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181166.003.0056
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter provides a strategic context for thinking about adolescent gun use as a public policy problem. The first section considers the justification of age-specific prohibitions. The second ... More


Becoming a Man: The Waiver of the Juvenile Sex Offender to Adult Court

Frank C. DiCataldo

in The Perversion of Youth: Controversies in the Assessment and Treatment of Juvenile Sex Offenders

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814720011
eISBN:
9780814785225
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814720011.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter critiques the judicial waver—the act of transferring juvenile offenders from juvenile court to criminal court. The act is primarily implemented when the court sees no change in the ... More


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