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Peremptory Norms in International Law

Alexander Orakhelashvili

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199546114
eISBN:
9780191712203
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546114.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This monograph analyses the questions raised by the legal effects of peremptory norms of international law (jus cogens), reflected in Article 53 of the 1969 Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties. ... More


The Identification of Peremptory Norms

Alexander Orakhelashvili

in Peremptory Norms in International Law

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199546114
eISBN:
9780191712203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546114.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter examines the criteria of identifying jus cogens, in particular whether structural or substantive method should be preferred, and also the moral basis of jus cogens. Particular jus cogens ... More


The Metamorphosis of Jus Cogens: From an Institution of Treaty Law to the Bedrock of the International Legal Order?

Karl Zemanek

in The Law of Treaties Beyond the Vienna Convention

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199588916
eISBN:
9780191728938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588916.003.0023
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Human Rights and Immigration

When the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties confirmed the existence of peremptory norms of international law (jus cogens) they were conceived, like Roman jus publicum, as absolute law that ... More


Selected Prefigurations of the Concept of Obligations Erga Omnes: (b) Jus Cogens

MAURIZIO RAGAZZI

in The Concept of International Obligations Erga Omnes

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198298700
eISBN:
9780191707513
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198298700.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Law of Obligations

Like obligations erga omnes, norms of jus cogens protect the common interests of states and basic moral values. In addition, the classic examples of norms of jus cogens that emerged during the ... More


The Law of Treaties Beyond the Vienna Convention

Enzo Cannizzaro (ed.)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199588916
eISBN:
9780191728938
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588916.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This book offers an analysis of the law of treaties as it emerges from the interplay between the 1969 Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties and customary international law. It revisits the basic ... More


Norm Conflicts and Hierarchy in International Law: Towards a Vertical International Legal System?

Jure Vidmar

in Hierarchy in International Law: The Place of Human Rights

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199647071
eISBN:
9780191738999
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199647071.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter examines the notion of a hierarchical international legal order whereby (certain) human rights norms are elevated to a hierarchically superior level. Although international law has ... More


Particular Aspects of the Relationship Between the Concept of Obligations Erga Omnes and the Concepts of Jus Cogens and Actio Popularis

MAURIZIO RAGAZZI

in The Concept of International Obligations Erga Omnes

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198298700
eISBN:
9780191707513
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198298700.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Law of Obligations

This chapter compares the concept of obligations erga omnes with those of jus cogens and actio popularis. Moving from the premise that jus cogens refers to norms, while erga omnes refers to ... More


A Higher Law for Treaties?

Enzo Cannizzaro

in The Law of Treaties Beyond the Vienna Convention

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199588916
eISBN:
9780191728938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588916.003.0025
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter deals with the notion of conflict between treaties and jus cogens. It suggests that the classical notion of conflict — conceived of as the impossibility to apply two mutually exclusive ... More


The Concept of International Obligations Erga Omnes

Maurizio Ragazzi

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198298700
eISBN:
9780191707513
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198298700.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Law of Obligations

In an obiter dictum in its 1970 judgment in the Barcelona Traction case, the International Court of Justice identified a category of international obligations called erga omnes, namely obligations ... More


Distinctive Characteristics of Peremptory Norms

Alexander Orakhelashvili

in Peremptory Norms in International Law

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199546114
eISBN:
9780191712203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546114.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter focuses on distinctive characteristics of peremptory norms, in particular on its absolute character, non-derogability, and the effect-oriented profile.


For an Enhanced Role of Jus Cogens

Antonio Cassese

in Realizing Utopia: The Future of International Law

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199691661
eISBN:
9780191738593
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691661.003.0013
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

There is general consensus on the existence of a string of overarching international legal principles. In addition, there also is a large measure of agreement of the fact that some principles have ... More


State Immunity

Magdalena Forowicz

in The Reception of International Law in the European Court of Human Rights

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199592678
eISBN:
9780191595646
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592678.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter evaluates the Court's references to international State immunity law in Al-Adsani v. United Kingdom, Fogarty v. United Kingdom, and McElhinney v Ireland. The three cases concerned a very ... More


An Anti-Imperialist Universalism? Jus Cogens and the Politics of International Law

Umut Özsu

in International Law and Empire: Historical Explorations

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2017
ISBN:
9780198795575
eISBN:
9780191836893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198795575.003.0013
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter examines the deployment of the concept of jus cogens during the drafting of the 1969 Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties. First, it is argued that investigating the conditions under ... More


Impact on the Structure of International Obligations

Sandesh Sivakumaran

in The Impact of Human Rights Law on General International Law

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199565221
eISBN:
9780191705281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565221.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter assesses the extent to which international human rights law has impacted upon the structure of international obligations, focusing on obligations erga omnes and jus cogens norms. It ... More


Human Rights and Jus Cogens

Evan J. Criddle and Evan Fox-Decent

in Fiduciaries of Humanity: How International Law Constitutes Authority

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199397921
eISBN:
9780199397945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199397921.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter develops a fiduciary theory of international human rights law (IHRL) and jus cogens. It begins by reviewing briefly the historical development of peremptory norms and the emergence of ... More


Law Enforcement and the Non-Conventional Human Right to Life

Nils Melzer

in Targeted Killing in International Law

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199533169
eISBN:
9780191714511
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199533169.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter addresses the question of whether the conventional right to life has become part of general international law and, if so, whether it may be derogated from under the rules of general ... More


Jus Cogens

Nina H. B. Jørgensen

in The Responsibility of States for International Crimes

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198298618
eISBN:
9780191685491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198298618.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter discusses the origins and status of the jus cogens theory in international law. It also analyses the distinction between international crimes and international delicts, or in other words ... More


The Natural Superiority of Courts

Mary Ellen 'Connell

in From Bilateralism to Community Interest: Essays in Honour of Bruno Simma

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199588817
eISBN:
9780191725272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588817.003.0065
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter argues that the International Court of Justice (ICJ) as the court with the broadest jurisdiction and greatest expertise in international law should be the court of last resort for ... More


The Intertemporal Law

Eirik Bjorge

in The Evolutionary Interpretation of Treaties

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780198716143
eISBN:
9780191784873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716143.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Legal History

The single combined operation of treaty interpretation which is described in the general rule of interpretation is a process of concentric encirclement. The interpreter goes about establishing the ... More


The Distinction between Jus Cogens and Obligations Erga Omnes

Paolo Picone

in The Law of Treaties Beyond the Vienna Convention

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199588916
eISBN:
9780191728938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588916.003.0024
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter demonstrates the necessary distinction between the two concepts in question, taking into consideration their different historical origins, their effects, and the reciprocal fields of ... More


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