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Introduction

Rafal Goebel, Ricardo G. Sanfelice, and Andrew R. Teel

in Hybrid Dynamical Systems: Modeling, Stability, and Robustness

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153896
eISBN:
9781400842636
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153896.003.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This chapter presents the model of a hybrid system to be used in this volume. The focus is on the data structure and on modeling. The model suggests that the flow set, the flow map, the jump set, and ... More


Proximal-to-Distal Sequencing Behavior and Motor Cortex

Nicholas G. Hatsopoulos, Leonel Olmedo, and Kazutaka Takahashi

in Motor Control: Theories, Experiments, and Applications

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195395273
eISBN:
9780199863518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395273.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Proximal-to-distal sequencing of limb segments is characteristic of a number of motor behaviors, including throwing, hitting, jumping, and perhaps even reach-to-grasp. Moreover, shoulder- and ... More


Chapter Three The Strayhorn Effect: A New Way of Writing for Jazz Orchestra

Walter van de Leur

in Something to Live For: The Music of Billy Strayhorn

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195124484
eISBN:
9780199868711
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195124484.003.0003
Subject:
Music, History, Western

This chapter starts out with the 1941 broadcasting ban, which made Ellington record Strayhorn originals such as Take the “A” Train, Chelsea Bridge, and Rain Check. Analysis of these works displays ... More


 The Fiber Institute: 1920–1923

William Taussig Scott and Martin X. Moleski

in Michael Polanyi: Scientist and Philosopher

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195174335
eISBN:
9780199835706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019517433X.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Fritz Haber hired Polanyi to work in the Fiber Chemistry Group of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute in Berlin. Polanyi helped develop the rotating-crystal method of X-ray crystallography, made solid ... More


Some advanced computability theory

André Nies

in Computability and Randomness

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199230761
eISBN:
9780191710988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230761.003.0006
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This chapter develops the language of building Turing functionals which is used to characterize promptly simple degrees by low cuppability, and to prove the pseudo-jump inversion theorem of Jockusch ... More


Classes of computational complexity

André Nies

in Computability and Randomness

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199230761
eISBN:
9780191710988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230761.003.0008
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This chapter studies lowness properties of sets not necessarily below the halting problem. The main new notions are all related to traceability. It characterizes lowness for Schnorr, and computable ... More


Diffusion in solids

Rolf Hempelmann

in Quasielastic Neutron Scattering and Solid State Diffusion

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198517436
eISBN:
9780191706974
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198517436.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter starts with a brief history of the science of diffusion. Macroscopically diffusion is characterized by various diffusion coefficients: the self-diffusion coefficient, the tracer ... More


Simple Brownian Diffusion: An Introduction to the Standard Theoretical Models

Daniel Thomas Gillespie and Effrosyni Seitaridou

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199664504
eISBN:
9780191748516
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199664504.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

Brownian diffusion is the motion of one or more solute molecules in a sea of very many, much smaller solvent molecules. Its importance today owes mainly to cellular chemistry, since Brownian ... More


Stochastic Analysis and Diffusion Processes

Gopinath Kallianpur and P Sundar

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199657063
eISBN:
9780191781759
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199657063.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics, Applied Mathematics

Starting with the construction of stochastic processes, the book introduces Brownian motion and martingales. After proving the Doob-Meyer decomposition, quadratic variation processes and local ... More


How Jumping Spiders See the World

Duane P. Harland, Daiqin Li, and Robert R. Jackson

in How Animals See the World: Comparative Behavior, Biology, and Evolution of Vision

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195334654
eISBN:
9780199933167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195334654.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines how the jumping spider's eight eyes are structured, how they function, and how they might have evolved. It also reviews the intricate vision-based predatory strategies for which ... More


PHASE FLUCTUATIONS IN A 2D SUPERCONDUCTING SYSTEM

Anatoly Larkin and Andrei Varlamov

in Theory of Fluctuations in Superconductors

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198528159
eISBN:
9780191713521
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528159.003.0015
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter examines the crucial role of phase fluctuations in two-dimensional (2D) systems. The exponential tail in Josephson current is found close to Tc. The physics of the ... More


Spin injection and spin transport in hybrid nanostructures

S. Takahashi, H. Imamura, and S. Maekawa

in Concepts in Spin Electronics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568216
eISBN:
9780191718212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568216.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter describes the basics of spin injection and spin transport in magnetic nanohybrid structures. Particular emphasis is placed on the nonlocal spin transport in a spin injection and ... More


Causal Sequences and Other Patterns

M. S. SILK

in Aristophanes and the Definition of Comedy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199253821
eISBN:
9780191712227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199253821.003.0006
Subject:
Classical Studies, Plays and Playwrights: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter argues that the Aristophanic plot-line often provides an impression of realist continuity because there are innumerable moments, or miniature sequences, of consequential action. It ... More


Solid ionic conductors

Rolf Hempelmann

in Quasielastic Neutron Scattering and Solid State Diffusion

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198517436
eISBN:
9780191706974
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198517436.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter presents incoherent QENS studies performed on Li+, Na+, H-, and Cl- ions. Purely coherent QENS concerns F- and O2- conductors, whereas for Ag+ a mixture of coherent and incoherent QENS ... More


Incoherent quasielastic neutron scattering

Rolf Hempelmann

in Quasielastic Neutron Scattering and Solid State Diffusion

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198517436
eISBN:
9780191706974
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198517436.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

In the case of spatially limited jump diffusion, the incoherent scattering function consists of an elastic and a quasielastic part, and the fraction of elastic intensity is called the incoherent ... More


Jumping

Barbara Walczak and Una Kai

in Balanchine the Teacher: Fundamentals That Shaped the First Generation of New York City Ballet Dancers

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780813032528
eISBN:
9780813046310
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813032528.003.0024
Subject:
Music, Dance

This chapter presents techniques for jumps, covering the glissade, glissade précipité, glissade from fourth position for big traveling jumps, assemblé, assemblé porté, jeté, grand jeté, sissonne, ... More


Co-jumps

Yacine Aïıt-Sahalia and Jean Jacod

in High-Frequency Financial Econometrics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161433
eISBN:
9781400850327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161433.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter considers some questions which only make sense in a multivariate setting. It deals with two problems: one is about a multidimensional underlying process X, and we want to decide whether ... More


Singapore

Boon-Hock Chia and Audrey Chia

in Suicide in Asia: Causes and Prevention

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789622099425
eISBN:
9789882207431
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789622099425.003.0008
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

This chapter presents the epidemiological profile of suicide in Singapore. The suicide rate in Singapore has remained steady between 1993–2003, ranging from 8–12 per 100,000. The male:female suicide ... More


The discrete‐stochastic approach

Daniel T. Gillespie and Effrosyni Seitaridou

in Simple Brownian Diffusion: An Introduction to the Standard Theoretical Models

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199664504
eISBN:
9780191748516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199664504.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

This chapter introduces a model of diffusion in which the position of the solute molecule is described by a discrete stochastic variable, in contrast to the continuous stochastic variable of the ... More


Animal Locomotion

Andrew Biewener and Sheila Patek

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198743156
eISBN:
9780191803031
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198743156.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Ecology

This book provides a synthesis of the physical, physiological, evolutionary, and biomechanical principles that underlie animal locomotion. An understanding and full appreciation of animal locomotion ... More


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