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A “Meteoric” Career in Hungarian Politics

András Körösényi, Péter Ondré, and András Hajdú

in The Leadership Capital Index: A New Perspective on Political Leadership

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780198783848
eISBN:
9780191826498
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198783848.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The central puzzle of this chapter is the meteoric rise and abrupt fall in the popularity of Ferenc Gyurcsány, the Hungarian prime minister between 2004 and 2009. The chapter applies the LCI to ... More


 A Modulated Case for the Primacy of Value

Joel J. Kupperman

in Ethics and Qualities of Life

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195308198
eISBN:
9780199867325
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195308198.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter charts the roles of consequentialist considerations within an acceptable ethical theory. It argues that quality-of-life (in the sense of what is valuable) considerations are decisive in ... More


Abandoning Optimism in Predictions About the Future

James A. Shepperd, Kate Sweeny, and Patrick J. Carroll

in Judgments Over Time: The Interplay of Thoughts, Feelings, and Behaviors

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195177664
eISBN:
9780199848218
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177664.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reports research showing that people are not always optimistic and will sometimes surrender their optimism for a less favorable ... More


Access to Eden and the Hope for Immortality

Peter Thacher Lanfer

in Remembering Eden: The Reception History of Genesis 3: 22–24

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199926749
eISBN:
9780199950591
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199926749.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter examines the diversity of expectations concerning the hope for immortality present in the expulsion narrative. Despite contrasting expectations for astral-immortality, soul-immortality, ... More


Accounting for Backsliding: Background and More

Alfred R. Mele

in Backsliding: Understanding Weakness of Will

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199896134
eISBN:
9780199949533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199896134.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter sketches a theoretical and empirical framework that sheds light on how the occurrence of core weak-willed actions may be accounted for, if they occur. On the theoretical side, the ... More


Achieving Coherence: Meeting New Cognitive Demands in Technological Systems

Kathleen L. Mosier and Shane T. McCauley

in Adaptive Perspectives on Human–Technology Interaction: Methods and Models for Cognitive Engineering and Human-Computer Interaction

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195374827
eISBN:
9780199847693
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374827.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter provides a new dimension to the discussion of technology-mediated interaction, drawing on Kenneth Hammond's distinction between correspondence- and coherence-based cognition. ... More


Acting on Principle

Rüdiger Bittner

in Doing Things for Reasons

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195143645
eISBN:
9780199833085
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195143647.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Examines an alternative understanding of doing things for reasons, Kant's conception of acting on a maxim. Having explained the Kantian idea of maxims and having defended the claim that this is ... More


Adaptation: A Special and Onerous Concept

Lee Cronk and Beth L. Leech

in Meeting at Grand Central: Understanding the Social and Evolutionary Roots of Cooperation

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154954
eISBN:
9781400845484
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154954.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter examines the concept of adaptation and how it is applied (and sometimes misapplied) to cooperation. It starts with George C. Williams's idea that adaptation is a “special and onerous ... More


Administration of Justice

Chŏng Yagyong

in Admonitions on Governing the People: Manual for All Administrators

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520260917
eISBN:
9780520947702
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520260917.003.0009
Subject:
History, Asian History

The English translation of seven chapters in Book VI of Mongmin simsŏ on administration for district magistrates is given. The chapters discuss the following: trial hearings, judgment and ... More


The Advice of Others: When and How We Benefit From It

Guido Biele and Jörg Rieskamp

in Simple Heuristics in a Social World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195388435
eISBN:
9780199950089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388435.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Social learning is fundamental to human cultural evolution and an important aspect of social rationality. This chapter examines how advice influences decision making and learning. A brief review of ... More


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