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The X‐ray laser and the single molecule — no crystal needed?

Naomi E. Chayen, John R. Helliwell, and Edward H. Snell

in Macromolecular Crystallization and Crystal Perfection

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199213252
eISBN:
9780191707575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213252.003.0019
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

Major increases in brightness are anticipated with the upcoming coherent X‐ray lasers. Extrapolation suggests that a single macromolecule ‘sample’ may be sufficient to generate a measurable X‐ray ... More


Outflows and Jets

Charles D. Bailyn

in What Does a Black Hole Look Like?

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148823
eISBN:
9781400850563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148823.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter looks at the presence of outflows or jets, a somewhat unexpected feature of accretion flows. There is strong observational evidence that some fraction of the infalling material reverses ... More


Military and Commercial Aircraft

Vernon W. Ruttan

in Is War Necessary for Economic Growth?: Military Procurement and Technology Development

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195188042
eISBN:
9780199783410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195188047.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The aircraft industry was unique among modern U.S. manufacturing industries in that a government research and development organization, the National Committee on Aeronautics (NACA), was established ... More


Back to the Future: The Aircraft and IT Industries in Britain since 1945

Richard Coopey and Peter Lyth

in Business in Britain in the Twentieth Century: Decline and Renaissance?

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199226009
eISBN:
9780191710315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226009.003.0013
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter explores the development of two ‘high technology’ sectors of the British economy in the post-war period. The chapter is set against the context of the general debate over the relative ... More


Differences Between Quark And Gluon Jets

GÜNTHER DISSERTORI, IAN G. KNOWLES, and MICHAEL SCHMELLING

in Quantum Chromodynamics: High Energy Experiments and Theory

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199566419
eISBN:
9780191708060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566419.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Due to the different colour charge of quarks and gluons, differences in the fragmentation of the two types of partons are expected. The final state particle multiplicities thus should contain ... More


Jupiter Winds and Weather

Andrew P. Ingersoll

in Planetary Climates

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145044
eISBN:
9781400848232
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145044.003.0008
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This chapter examines the effect of winds on Jupiter's weather. The Great Red Spot is an atmospheric structure—a storm—that is free to move about under the laws of fluid dynamics. On Earth, these ... More


QCD Analyses

GÜNTHER DISSERTORI, IAN G. KNOWLES, and MICHAEL SCHMELLING

in Quantum Chromodynamics: High Energy Experiments and Theory

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199566419
eISBN:
9780191708060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566419.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

While perturbative QCD deals with free quarks and gluons, experimentally, usually only multi-hadron final states are observed. This chapter focuses on how to extract information about QCD from the ... More


Tests Of The Gauge Structure Of QCD: Colour Factors

GÜNTHER DISSERTORI, IAN G. KNOWLES, and MICHAEL SCHMELLING

in Quantum Chromodynamics: High Energy Experiments and Theory

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199566419
eISBN:
9780191708060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566419.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter examines the QCD lagrangian, focusing on the gauge group governing the dynamics of strong interactions. Experiments are described which verify that QCD is based on the gauge group SU(3). ... More


Life in the Fourth Dimension: The Role of Clocks in Regulating Behavior

William R. Clark and Michael Grunstein

in Are We Hardwired?: The Role of Genes in Human Behavior

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195178005
eISBN:
9780199893331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178005.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Like all living things, plants or animals, humans are governed by time, specifically by idiosyncratic biological clocks. They measure both daily and yearly activities in essentially all living ... More


JPL: From JATO to the Corporal, 1936–1957

J. D. Hunley

in Preludes to U.S. Space-Launch Vehicle Technology: Goddard Rockets to Minuteman III

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813031774
eISBN:
9780813038551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813031774.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter covers rocket development in the United States before, during, and shortly after World War II at what became the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) near Pasadena, California. Topics ... More


Hadron induced DIS

Robin Devenish and Amanda Cooper-Sarkar

in Deep Inelastic Scattering

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198506713
eISBN:
9780191709562
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198506713.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter concentrates on those areas of hard scattering in hadron-hadron interactions which are important for the determination of PDFs, or which complement lepton-induced DIS. Because of the ... More


αs from scaling violations and jets at high Q2

Robin Devenish and Amanda Cooper-Sarkar

in Deep Inelastic Scattering

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198506713
eISBN:
9780191709562
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198506713.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The advantages and disadvantages of various methods of determining the strong coupling αs from DIS data are considered including the use of moments of the measured structure functions and the ... More


Making Jet Engines in World War II: Britain, Germany, and the United States

Hermione Giffard

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226388595
eISBN:
9780226388625
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226388625.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Making jet engines sets out a new account of the central features of invention in the twentieth-century. It shows the consequences of the proposed model by giving a radically new history of the jet ... More


Jet Li: ‘Wushu Master’ in Sport and Film

Mary Farquhar

in Celebrity in China

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789622090873
eISBN:
9789882206670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789622090873.003.0006
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

This chapter examines Jet Li's celebrity status in relation to the sports and film worlds. It first explores the early basis of Li's fame against the broad backdrop of China's changing sports sector. ... More


Surface tension

John W. M. Bush

in New Trends in the Physics and Mechanics of Biological Systems: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School: Volume 92, July 2009

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199605835
eISBN:
9780191729522
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199605835.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

This chapter presents a pedagogical discussion of the surface tension and its manifestation in a number of fluid systems. Interfacial boundary conditions are derived and then applied in various ... More


Fleet Mobility Tactical Development, 1945–1953

Peter V. Nash

in The Development of Mobile Logistic Support in Anglo-American Naval Policy, 1900–1953

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813033679
eISBN:
9780813038711
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813033679.003.0007
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter focuses on the tactical aspects of logistic support as both the Royal Navy and the U.S. Navy realigned their command structures and operating fleets to meet existing obligations and ... More


The Black Book of Quantum Chromodynamics: A Primer for the LHC Era

John Campbell, Joey Huston, and Frank Krauss

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780199652747
eISBN:
9780191749148
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199652747.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The LHC (Large Hadron Collider) will serve as the energy frontier for high-energy physics for the next 20 years. The highlight of the LHC running so far has been the discovery of the Higgs boson, but ... More


Introduction: Remaking Chinese Cinemas, Hollywood Style

Kenneth Chan

in Remade in Hollywood: The Global Chinese Presence in Transnational Cinemas

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789622090552
eISBN:
9789882207356
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789622090552.003.0001
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This book examines the Chinese presence in Hollywood cinema, focusing on the proliferation of Hollywood and Hollywood-inflected films featuring ethnic Chinese stars such as Jet Li, Michelle Yeoh, ... More


Riding the Jet Stream

Amy L. Fraher

in The Next Crash: How Short-Term Profit Seeking Trumps Airline Safety

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452857
eISBN:
9780801470493
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452857.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, HRM / IR

This chapter examines safety issues, centered on inefficient air traffic control systems, and antiquated regulations that continue to plague the U.S. airline industry. It first provides a historical ... More


From Pompton Lakes to White Sands: Other Liquid-Propellant Rocket Developments, 1930–1954

J. D. Hunley

in Preludes to U.S. Space-Launch Vehicle Technology: Goddard Rockets to Minuteman III

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813031774
eISBN:
9780813038551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813031774.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses other American rocket efforts from 1930 to 1954, culminating in a joining of German and JPL rocket technologies in the Bumper WAC project. Goddard, with his small band of ... More


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