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The X‐ray laser and the single molecule — no crystal needed?

Naomi E. Chayen, John R. Helliwell, and Edward H. Snell

in Macromolecular Crystallization and Crystal Perfection

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199213252
eISBN:
9780191707575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213252.003.0019
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

Major increases in brightness are anticipated with the upcoming coherent X‐ray lasers. Extrapolation suggests that a single macromolecule ‘sample’ may be sufficient to generate a measurable X‐ray ... More


Outflows and Jets

Charles D. Bailyn

in What Does a Black Hole Look Like?

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148823
eISBN:
9781400850563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148823.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter looks at the presence of outflows or jets, a somewhat unexpected feature of accretion flows. There is strong observational evidence that some fraction of the infalling material reverses ... More


Military and Commercial Aircraft

Vernon W. Ruttan

in Is War Necessary for Economic Growth?: Military Procurement and Technology Development

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195188042
eISBN:
9780199783410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195188047.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The aircraft industry was unique among modern U.S. manufacturing industries in that a government research and development organization, the National Committee on Aeronautics (NACA), was established ... More


Back to the Future: The Aircraft and IT Industries in Britain since 1945

Richard Coopey and Peter Lyth

in Business in Britain in the Twentieth Century: Decline and Renaissance?

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199226009
eISBN:
9780191710315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226009.003.0013
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter explores the development of two ‘high technology’ sectors of the British economy in the post-war period. The chapter is set against the context of the general debate over the relative ... More


Differences Between Quark And Gluon Jets

GÜNTHER DISSERTORI, IAN G. KNOWLES, and MICHAEL SCHMELLING

in Quantum Chromodynamics: High Energy Experiments and Theory

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199566419
eISBN:
9780191708060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566419.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Due to the different colour charge of quarks and gluons, differences in the fragmentation of the two types of partons are expected. The final state particle multiplicities thus should contain ... More


Jupiter Winds and Weather

Andrew P. Ingersoll

in Planetary Climates

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145044
eISBN:
9781400848232
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145044.003.0008
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This chapter examines the effect of winds on Jupiter's weather. The Great Red Spot is an atmospheric structure—a storm—that is free to move about under the laws of fluid dynamics. On Earth, these ... More


QCD Analyses

GÜNTHER DISSERTORI, IAN G. KNOWLES, and MICHAEL SCHMELLING

in Quantum Chromodynamics: High Energy Experiments and Theory

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199566419
eISBN:
9780191708060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566419.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

While perturbative QCD deals with free quarks and gluons, experimentally, usually only multi-hadron final states are observed. This chapter focuses on how to extract information about QCD from the ... More


Tests Of The Gauge Structure Of QCD: Colour Factors

GÜNTHER DISSERTORI, IAN G. KNOWLES, and MICHAEL SCHMELLING

in Quantum Chromodynamics: High Energy Experiments and Theory

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199566419
eISBN:
9780191708060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566419.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter examines the QCD lagrangian, focusing on the gauge group governing the dynamics of strong interactions. Experiments are described which verify that QCD is based on the gauge group SU(3). ... More


Life in the Fourth Dimension: The Role of Clocks in Regulating Behavior

William R. Clark and Michael Grunstein

in Are We Hardwired?: The Role of Genes in Human Behavior

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195178005
eISBN:
9780199893331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178005.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Like all living things, plants or animals, humans are governed by time, specifically by idiosyncratic biological clocks. They measure both daily and yearly activities in essentially all living ... More


JPL: From JATO to the Corporal, 1936–1957

J. D. Hunley

in Preludes to U.S. Space-Launch Vehicle Technology: Goddard Rockets to Minuteman III

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813031774
eISBN:
9780813038551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813031774.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter covers rocket development in the United States before, during, and shortly after World War II at what became the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) near Pasadena, California. Topics ... More


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