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French Strategy for the IGC: Making EMU Irreversible

Kenneth Dyson and Kevin Featherstone

in The Road To Maastricht: Negotiating Economic and Monetary Union

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296386
eISBN:
9780191599125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829638X.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Presidential leadership is examined in the context of German unification. Particular attention is given to the construction of the French negotiating team and the domestic bureaucratic politics of ... More


German Strategy for the IGC

Kenneth Dyson and Kevin Featherstone

in The Road To Maastricht: Negotiating Economic and Monetary Union

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296386
eISBN:
9780191599125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829638X.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The influences on German negotiating positions are examined from the preparation for the IGC through to the end game. The focus is on Kohl, Waigel, Köhler, and Lautenschlager, as well as what ... More


One

Juan Manuel Garrido

in On Time, Being, and Hunger: Challenging the Traditional Way of Thinking Life

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780823239351
eISBN:
9780823239399
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823239351.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter describes the temporal-irreversible structure implied in the teleological explanation of natural processes as traditionally understood. Temporal irreversibility in teleological ... More


Dollarization and Euroization in Transition Countries: Currency Substitution, Asset Substitution, Network Externalities, and Irreversibility

Edgar L. Feige and James W. Dean

in Monetary Unions and Hard Pegs: Effects on Trade, Financial Development, and Stability

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199271405
eISBN:
9780191601200
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271402.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

The chapter examines the extent, causes and consequences of transition countries’ use of foreign currency as a co-circulating medium of exchange and store of value. Using new estimates of foreign ... More


The Economic Theory of Privatization

BERNARDO BORTOLOTTI DOMENICO SINISCALCO

in The Challenges of Privatization: An International Analysis

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199249343
eISBN:
9780191600845
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199249342.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter presents a concise survey of the economic literature of privatization providing the theoretical backing for the empirical analyses carried out in the book. The chapter shows why private ... More


Navigating the Sustainability Transition: Governing Complex and Dynamic Socio-ecological Systems

Oran R. Young

in Global Environmental Commons: Analytical and Political Challenges in Building Governance Mechanisms

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199656202
eISBN:
9780191742149
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656202.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The thesis of this chapter is that reliance on management tools that assume change will be linear and gradual in the effort to manage complex and dynamic socioecological systems is a liability that ... More


Unidirectionality

Muriel Norde

in Degrammaticalization

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199207923
eISBN:
9780191709135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207923.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

This chapter is a detailed study of the directional preferences of primitive changes at several linguistic levels. It explores the notion of irreversibility and discusses desemanticization, ... More


Unofficial Dollarization in Latin America: Currency Substitution, Network Externalities, and Irreversibility

Edgar L. Feige, Michael Faulend, Velimir Šonje, and Vedran Šošić

in The Dollarization Debate

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195155358
eISBN:
9780199832989
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195155351.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter examines the extent to which the U.S. dollar has become the de facto currency in Latin America. The amounts of U.S. dollars in circulation in various Latin American countries were ... More


Irreversibility, Relaxation, and the Approach to Equilibrium

T. Grandy Walter

in Entropy and the Time Evolution of Macroscopic Systems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199546176
eISBN:
9780191720161
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546176.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter addresses the deep questions of the relation of entropy to these topics first raised in Chapter 1.


History

Wolfgang Streeck

in Re-Forming Capitalism: Institutional Change in the German Political Economy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199573981
eISBN:
9780191702136
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573981.003.0017
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy, International Business

To many modern social scientists history is accursed and any reasonable person should not give it much attention. Social scientists may even find infusing history into the analysis of social ... More


Skeletons in the cupboard

A. J. Leggett

in The Problems of Physics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199211241
eISBN:
9780191706837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211241.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter discusses three fundamental questions which the majority of the physics community believes are not worthy of attention and a minority believes are crucial and in urgent need of ... More


Ends and Odds

Michael Munowitz

in Knowing: The Nature of Physical Law

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195167375
eISBN:
9780199787104
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195167375.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

The microscopic laws of motion offer no sense of time, but in the world at large, time marches on. Macroscopic systems progress irreversibly from one state of thermodynamic equilibrium to another, ... More


An Introduction to Statistical Mechanics and Thermodynamics

Robert H. Swendsen

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199646944
eISBN:
9780191775123
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646944.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This book is an introduction to statistical mechanics and thermodynamics. Relevant probability theory is included. Part 1 develops the basic ideas of statistical mechanics, as illustrated by a ... More


The Second Analogy: Causality

Georges Dicker

in Kant's Theory of Knowledge: An Analytical Introduction

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195153064
eISBN:
9780199835027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195153065.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter gives an analysis of Kant’s attempt to prove the causal principle in the Second Analogy. After presenting an analysis of Kant’s strategy that draws on the work of Lewis White Beck, it ... More


Treatment uncertainty and irreversibility in medical care: implications for cost-effectiveness analysis *

Joshua Graff Zivin, Matthew Neidell, and Lauri Feldman

in The Economics of New Health Technologies: Incentives, organization, and financing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199550685
eISBN:
9780191720543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550685.003.0012
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter discusses the introduction of uncertainty and irreversibility in cost-effectiveness analysis to determine optimal funding and resource allocation for medical technologies, research, and ... More


Kinetic theory before Boltzmann

CARLO CERCIGNANI

in Ludwig Boltzmann: The Man Who Trusted Atoms

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198570646
eISBN:
9780191717949
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570646.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

The first atomic theory is credited to Democritus of Abdera, who lived in the 5th century BC. The actual development of the kinetic theory of gases accordingly took place much later, in the 19th ... More


The Boltzmann equation

CARLO CERCIGNANI

in Ludwig Boltzmann: The Man Who Trusted Atoms

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198570646
eISBN:
9780191717949
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570646.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

The problem of irreversibility came to the forefront in kinetic theory with Ludwig Boltzmann. In 1872, Boltzmann not only derived the equation that bears his name, but also introduced a definition of ... More


Time irreversibility and the H-theorem

CARLO CERCIGNANI

in Ludwig Boltzmann: The Man Who Trusted Atoms

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198570646
eISBN:
9780191717949
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570646.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Ludwig Boltzmann not only showed that his Boltzmann equation, which captures the essence of the second law of thermodynamics in mathematical form, admits James Clerk Maxwell's distribution as an ... More


Donation after Circulatory Determination of Death

Franklin G. Miller and Robert D. Truog

in Death, Dying, and Organ Transplantation: Reconstructing Medical Ethics at the End of Life

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199739172
eISBN:
9780199918683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199739172.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The growing shortage of organs for transplantation has encouraged increasing procurement of organs from donors who are not "brain dead," following planned withdrawal of life-sustaining treatment. ... More


Kinetic Theory and Transport Phenomena

Rodrigo Soto

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780198716051
eISBN:
9780191824401
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716051.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This textbook presents kinetic theory, which is a systematic approach to describing nonequilibrium systems. The text is balanced between the fundamental concepts of kinetic theory (irreversibility, ... More


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